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Publications (5)2.06 Total impact

  • Sharma R, Singla LD, Singh BB
    01/2014: pages 86-94; , ISBN: 9789351242710 (Hardbound), 9789351301622 (International Edition), 9789351242734 (Series)
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    ABSTRACT: Economic trends have shaped our growth and the growth of the livestock sector, but atthe expense of altering natural resources and systems in ways that are not always obvious. Now, however, the reverse is beginning to happen, i.e. environmental trends are beginning to shape our economy and health status. In addition to water, air and food, animals and birds play a pivotal role in the maintenance and transmission of important zoonotic diseases in nature. It is generally considered that the prevalence of vector-borne and waterborne zoonoses is likely to increase in the coming years due to the effects of global warming in India. In recent years, vector-borne diseases have emerged as a serious public health problem in countries of the South-East Asia region, including India. Vector-borne zoonoses now occur in epidemic form almost on an annual basis, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. New reservoir areas of cutaneous leishmaniosis in South India have been recognised, and the role of climate change in its re-emergence warrants further research, as does the role of climate change in the ascendancy of waterborne and foodborne illness. Similarly, climate change that leads to warmer and more humid conditions may increase the risk of transmission of airborne zoonoses, and hot and drier conditions may lead to a decline in the incidence of disease(s). The prevalence of these zoonotic diseases and their vectors and the effect of climate change on important zoonoses in India are discussed in this review.
    Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) 12/2011; 30(3):779-88. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parasitic zoonotic diseases are prevalent throughout India at varying rates. First reports of zoonotic parasites and new emerging diseases have been recorded in both the human and animal populations in recent decades. The prevalence of zoonotic parasites is likely to be an underestimate, owing to the lack of proper surveillance and the shortage of information about the existence of asymptomatic animal carriers. Emergence of diseases such as human echinococcosis/hydatidosis, neurocysticercosis, cryptosporidiosis and toxoplasmosis in those with acquired immune deficiency syndrome, together with the re-emergence of cutaneous leishmaniosis, poses a serious threat in India and the prevention and control of these parasitic zoonoses, and others, is a great challenge.
    Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) 12/2010; 29(3):629-37. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present report describes a unique case of acute diarrhoea, dehydration and weakness in a stray female kitten due to concurrent infection of Taenia taeniaeformis and Isospora felis. Death occured before any treatment could be attempted and postmortem examination revealed the presence of live tapeworms embedded in the mucosa of the small intestine. The tapeworms were identified as Taenia taeniaeformis by Scanning Electron and Light microscopy. The uterus of the tapeworms was filled with eggs. The intestinal contents were yellow in colour and upon their examination by faecal floatation the presence of Isospora oocysts was revealed. On histopathological examination, necrotic enteritis along with endogenous tissue stages of Isospora spp. were observed in the intestine. The other cats in the area were found to pass eggs and/or gravid segments of T. taeniaeformis in their faeces. Infection with the metacestodes (Cysticercus fasciolaris) of this indirectly transmitted parasite was found in the liver of the intermediate hosts, i.e., the wild rats Bandicota bengalensis.
    Veterinární medicína 01/2009; 54(02):81-83. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Taenia hydatigena is an adult parasite of dogs with the metacestode (Cysticercus tenuicollis) stage residing in ruminants and pigs. Documentation and surveillance data concerning to the prevalence and risk factors associated with the disease in India is largely lacking. In this experiment, 3,199 carcasses, including 760 sheep and 2,439 goat were examined for the presence of C. tenuicollis (T. hydatigena cysts) on post-mortem inspection at different slaughter houses/shops in northern India. Morphological analysis was also conducted on five samples from each species. Out of 3199 carcasses examined, 135 were found containing cysts of T. hydatigena indicating a prevalence of 4.22 %. Most of the cysts were present in abdominal cavity, except few which were embedded in the liver. The high prevalence of 4.83 was recorded in goats as compared to 2.23 % in sheep. Principal component analysis was applied for statistical analysis. The results of morphological analysis indicated its usefulness as a valid criterion for differentiation of T. hydatigena cysts and that there might be possibility of two different strains infecting sheep and goat.
    Journal of parasitic diseases