Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: [Risk stratification by cardiac gated SPECT combined with coronary artery calcium score in patients with diabetes mellitus and/or renal failure].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate added value of coronary artery calcium score (CAC) measurement as an adjunct to cardiac gated SPECT for risk stratification in population of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or chronic renal failure on hemodialysis (CHRF-HD). Retrospective analysis of 67 patients, who were referred for stress gated myocardial perfusion SPECT and CAC. Characteristics of study population: 40 men, mean age 59 +/- 12 years, DM (n = 28), CHRF-HD (n = 22), DM and CHRF-HD simultaneously (n = 17). Perfusion summed stress and different scores (SSS, SDS), the left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and enddiastolic/endsystolic volumes (EDV/ESV) were automatically calculated using 4D-MSPECT software. The hard cardiac event was defined as sudden cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI); angina or other symptoms requiring coronary revascularization were also calculated. During the average period of 18 +/- 10 months, we registered 8 cardiac deaths, 4 nonfatal MI and 7 patients underwent revascularization. In the subgroup of 19 patients with cardiac events, the observed parameters were significantly worse concerning perfusion (SSS 9 +/- 11 vs 2 +/- 3 and SDS 6 +/- 9 vs 1 +/- 2, P < 0.05), the left ventricle function (stress LVEF 53% +/- 13% vs 59% +/- 13%, rest LVEF 55% +/- 14% vs 59% +/- 12%, stress EDV/ESV 144 ml/71 ml vs 128 ml/59 ml, P < 0.05), and CAC score (1 965 +/- 1 772 vs 387 +/- 740, P < 0.05) in comparison with patients without cardiac event. In patients without a reversible perfusion abnormality (SDS < 2), we observed lower annual hard event rate (8% vs 19.6%, P < 0.05) and revascularization procedures (4% vs 19.6%, P < 0.05) in comparison with patients with SDS > or = 2. In patients with or without reversible defects, we registered significantly higher annual hard event rate in the setting of post-stress worsening of the LVEF > 5% and/or severe CAC score > or = 709 (23.8% vs 1.9% in patients with SDS < 2, and 26.7% vs 9.5% in patients with SDS > or = 2, P < 0.05). The findings of highly elevated CAC score as well as the post-stress left ventricle stunning enable further risk stratification in patients with or without reversible perfusion abnormalities.Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství 11/2010; 56(11):1122-9.
Article: [18F-FDG PET/CT and 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy in evaluation of patients with multiple myeloma and monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance: comparison of methods].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Newer imaging modalities, such as 18F-FDG PET/CT and 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy, have been recently introduced to assess the activity and extent of disease in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The aim of our study was to compare the impact of these imaging modalities in the evaluation of MM and MGUS patients. A total of 101 patients with MM (81 patients) and MGUS (20 patients) were enrolled in the study (21 newly diagnosed and 44 relapsed patients with symptomatic MM, 16 with asymptomatic MM and 20 with MGUS). All patients were without therapy and underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy within a maximum interval of 14 days. The scans were classified as normal (N), diffuse (D), and focal or combined (F-FD) pattern. There was no significant difference in the detection of newly diagnosed MM and relapsed patients between the compared methods. 18F-FDG PET/CT performed better than 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy in the detection of focal lesions (p < 0.039), whereas 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy was superior in the visualization of diffuse disease (p = 0.042). 18F-FDG PET/CT visualised significantly more focal lesions than 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy (p = 0.002), both generally in the cohort and when comparing the number of focal lesions per patient. Both the imaging modalities singly or in combination influenced the subsequent clinical management in 17% of patients. In our study, 18F-FDG PET/CT predicted asymptomatic MM and MGUS transformation into more aggressive forms with the necessity to start therapy more often than 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy. 18F-FDG PET/CT appeared to be a better imaging technique than 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy in the detection of focal lesions in patients with symptomatic MM. 99mTc-MIBI was superior in the visualization of diffuse disease. On the other hand, despite its limited capacity in detecting focal lesions, 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy still remains the most rapid and inexpensive technique for whole-body evaluation and may be an alternative option when a PET/CT facility is not available.Klinická onkologie: casopis Ceské a Slovenské onkologické spolecnosti 01/2010; 23(5):325-31.