Qiaohui Yang

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Publications (2)9.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Protein substrates of a novel secretion system of Porphyromonas gingivalis contain a conserved C-terminal domain (CTD) of ∼70-80 amino acid residues that is essential for their secretion and attachment to the cell surface. The CTD itself has not been detected in mature substrates, suggesting that it may be removed by a novel signal peptidase. More than 10 proteins have been shown to be essential for the proper functioning of the secretion system, and one of these, PG0026, is a predicted cysteine proteinase that also contains a CTD, suggesting that it may be a secreted component of the secretion system and a candidate for being the CTD signal peptidase. A PG0026 deletion mutant was constructed along with a PG0026C690A targeted mutant encoding an altered catalytic Cys residue. Analysis of clarified culture fluid fractions by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry revealed that the CTD was released intact into the surrounding medium in the wild type strain, but not in the PG0026 mutant strains. Western blot experiments revealed that the maturation of a model substrate was stalled at the CTD-removal step specifically in the PG0026 mutants, and whole cell ELISA experiments demonstrated partial secretion of substrates to the cell surface. The CTD was also shown to be accessible at the cell surface in the PG0026 mutants, suggesting that the CTD was secreted but could not be cleaved. The data indicate that PG0026 is responsible for the cleavage of the CTD signal after substrates are secreted across the OM.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/2012; 287(29):24605-17. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protein substrates of a novel secretion system of Porphyromonas gingivalis contain a conserved C-terminal domain (CTD) essential for secretion and attachment to the cell surface. Inactivation of lptO (PG0027) or porT produced mutants that lacked surface protease activity and an electron-dense surface layer. Both mutants showed co-accumulation of A-LPS and unmodified CTD proteins in the periplasm. Lipid profiling by mass spectrometry showed the presence of both tetra- and penta-acylated forms of mono-phosphorylated lipid A in the wild-type and porT mutant, while only the penta-acylated forms of mono-phosphorylated lipid A were found in the lptO mutant, indicating a specific role of LptO in the O-deacylation of mono-phosphorylated lipid A. Increased levels of non-phosphorylated lipid A and the presence of novel phospholipids in the lptO mutant were also observed that may compensate for the missing mono-phosphorylated tetra-acylated lipid A in the outer membrane (OM). Molecular modelling predicted LptO to adopt a β-barrel structure characteristic of an OM protein, supported by the enrichment of LptO in OM vesicles. The results suggest that LPS deacylation by LptO is linked to the co-ordinated secretion of A-LPS and CTD proteins by a novel secretion and attachment system to form a structured surface layer.
    Molecular Microbiology 03/2011; 79(5):1380-401. · 5.03 Impact Factor