Quan Hu

The University of Manchester, Manchester, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (3)24.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims:  We aimed to investigate the role of the nuclear carrier and binding proteins, transportin-1 (TRN1) and transportin-2 (TRN2), TATA-binding protein-associated factor 15 (TAF15) and Ewing's Sarcoma protein (EWS) in inclusion body formation in cases of Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) associated with Fused in Sarcoma protein (FTLD-FUS). Methods:  Eight cases of FTLD-FUS (5 cases of atypical FTLD-U (aFTLD-U), 2 of Neuronal Intermediate Filament Inclusion Body Disease (NIFID) and 1 of Basophilic Inclusion Body Disease (BIBD)) were immunostained for FUS, TRN1, TRN2, TAF15 and EWS. 10 cases of FTLD associated with TDP-43 inclusions served as reference cases. Results:  The inclusion bodies in FTLD-FUS contained TRN1 and TAF15 and, to a lesser extent, EWS, but not TRN2. The patterns of immunostaining for TRN1 and TAF15 were very similar to that of FUS. None of these proteins was associated with tau or TDP-43 aggregations in FTLD. Conclusion:  Data suggest that FUS, TRN1 and TAF15 may participate in a functional pathway in an interdependent way, and imply that the function of TDP-43 may not necessarily be in parallel with, or complementary to, that of FUS, despite each protein sharing many similar structural elements. © 2012 The Authors. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology © 2012 British Neuropathological Society.
    Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology 04/2012; · 4.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the C9ORF72 gene as the cause of chromosome 9-linked frontotemporal dementia and motor neuron disease offers the opportunity for greater understanding of the relationship between these disorders and other clinical forms of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. In this study, we screened a cohort of 398 patients with frontotemporal dementia, progressive non-fluent aphasia, semantic dementia or mixture of these syndromes for mutations in the C9ORF72 gene. Motor neuron disease was present in 55 patients (14%). We identified 32 patients with C9ORF72 mutations, representing 8% of the cohort. The patients' clinical phenotype at presentation varied: nine patients had frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease, 19 had frontotemporal dementia alone, one had mixed semantic dementia with frontal features and three had progressive non-fluent aphasia. There was, as expected, a significant association between C9ORF72 mutations and presence of motor neuron disease. Nevertheless, 46 patients, including 22 familial, had motor neuron disease but no mutation in C9ORF72. Thirty-eight per cent of the patients with C9ORF72 mutations presented with psychosis, with a further 28% exhibiting paranoid, deluded or irrational thinking, whereas <4% of non-mutation bearers presented similarly. The presence of psychosis dramatically increased the odds that patients carried the mutation. Mutation bearers showed a low incidence of motor stereotypies, and relatively high incidence of complex repetitive behaviours, largely linked to patients' delusions. They also showed a lower incidence of acquired sweet food preference than patients without C9ORF72 mutations. Post-mortem pathology in five patients revealed transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 pathology, type A in one patient and type B in three. However, one patient had corticobasal degeneration pathology. The findings indicate that C9ORF72 mutations cause some but not all cases of frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease. Other mutations remain to be discovered. C9ORF72 mutations are associated with variable clinical presentations and pathology. Nevertheless, the findings highlight a powerful association between C9ORF72 mutations and psychosis and suggest that the behavioural characteristics of patients with C9ORF72 mutations are qualitatively distinct. Mutations in the C9ORF72 gene may be a major cause not only of frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease but also of late onset psychosis.
    Brain 03/2012; 135(Pt 3):693-708. · 9.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is clinically, pathologically and genetically heterogeneous. Recent descriptions of a pathological sub-type that is ubiquitin positive, TDP-43 negative and immunostains positive for the Fused in Sarcoma protein (FUS) raises the question whether it is associated with a distinct clinical phenotype identifiable on clinical grounds, and whether mutations in the Fused in Sarcoma gene (FUS) might also be associated with FTLD. Examination of a pathological series of 118 cases of FTLD from two centres, showing tau-negative, ubiquitin-positive pathology, revealed FUS pathology in five patients, four classified as atypical FTLD with ubiquitin inclusions (aFTLD-U), and one as neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease (NIFID). The aFTLD-U cases had youthful onset (22-46 years), an absence of strong family history, a behavioural syndrome consistent with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and severe caudate atrophy. Their cognitive/behavioural profile was distinct, characterised by prominent obsessionality, repetitive behaviours and rituals, social withdrawal and lack of engagement, hyperorality with pica, and marked stimulus-bound behaviour including utilisation behaviour. They conformed to the rare behavioural sub-type of FTD identified previously by us as the "stereotypic" form, and linked to striatal pathology. Cognitive evaluation revealed executive deficits in keeping with subcortical-frontal dysfunction, but no cortical deficits in language, perceptuospatial skills or praxis. The patient with NIFID was older and exhibited aphasia and dyspraxia. No patient had clinical evidence of motor neurone disease during life, or a mutation in the FUS gene. In the complementary clinical study of 312 patients with clinical syndromes of FTLD, genetic analysis revealed a 6 bp deletion in FUS in 3 patients, of questionable significance. One presented a prototypical picture of FTD, another expressive language disorder, and the third semantic dementia. None showed the early onset age or distinctive 'stereotypic' picture of patients with aFTLD-U. We conclude that aFTLD-U is associated with a distinct clinical form of frontotemporal dementia, potentially allowing identification of such patients in life with a high degree of precision. Whether mutations in the FUS gene cause some cases of FTLD remains unresolved.
    Acta Neuropathologica 03/2011; 122(1):99-110. · 9.73 Impact Factor