Rupert Abele

Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (44)219.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) is the key player of pro-inflammatory leukotriene biosynthesis. Its regulatory or so-called PLAT (polycystin-1, lipoxygenase, α-toxin) domain binds allosteric modulators like calcium, membranes, coactosin-like protein and Dicer. Thereby it influences 5-LOX activity at the nuclear membrane by mediating translocation. The PLAT domain may also regulate cytosolic 5-LOX activity, and possibly influence microRNA metabolism. Hence, it has also evolved as a promising target for anti-inflammatory therapy. Research focusing on this substructure of 5-LOX requires an assay system based on the isolated domain. However, we found that the isolated PLAT domain was highly prone to aggregation and therefore unsuitable for interaction studies. Substitution of the single, membrane-binding tryptophan 75 with glycine reduced aggregation and substantially increased its thermal stability. Calcium interaction of the single-mutant was confirmed by differential scanning fluorimetry. Moreover, crosslinking experiments demonstrated the ability of the isolated PLAT domain to bind Dicer C-terminus whereas the interaction with coactosin-like protein required the interplay of the catalytic and the PLAT domain.
    Biochimica et biophysica acta. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Immunosurveillance of tumor cells depends on NKp30, a major activating receptor of human natural killer (NK) cells. The human BCL2-associated athanogene 6 (BAG-6, also known as BAT3; 1126 amino acids) is a cellular ligand of NKp30. To date, little is known about the molecular details of this receptor ligand system. Within the current study, we have located the binding site of NKp30 to a sequence stretch of 250 amino acids in the C-terminal region of BAG-6 (BAG-6(686-936)). BAG-6(686-936) forms a non-covalent dimer of 57-59 kDa, which is sufficient for high affinity interaction with NKp30 (KD < 100 nM). As our most important finding, BAG-6(686-936) inhibits NKp30-dependent signaling, interferon-gamma release and degranulation of NK cells in the presence of malignantly transformed target cells. Based on these data, we show for the first time that BAG-6(686-936) comprises a sub-domain of BAG-6, which is sufficient for receptor docking and inhibition of NKp30-dependent NK cell cytotoxicity as part of a tumor immune escape mechanism. These molecular insights provide an access point to restore tumor immunosurveillance by NK cells and to increase the efficacy of cellular therapies.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ATP binding cassette transporter TAPL translocates cytosolic peptides into the lumen of lysosomes driven by the hydrolysis of ATP. Functionally, this transporter can be divided into coreTAPL, comprising the transport function, and an additional N-terminal transmembrane domain called TMD0, which is essential for lysosomal targeting and mediates the interaction with the lysosomal associated membrane proteins LAMP-1 and LAMP-2. To elucidate the structure of this unique domain, we developed protocols for the production of high quantities of cell-free expressed TMD0 by screening different N-terminal expression tags. Independently of the amino acid sequence, high expression was detected for AU-rich sequences in the first seven codons, decreasing the free energy of RNA secondary structure formation at translation initiation. Furthermore, avoiding NGG codons in the region of translation initiation demonstrated a positive effect on expression. For NMR studies, conditions were optimized for high solubilization efficiency, long-term stability, and high quality spectra. A most critical step was the careful exchange of the detergent used for solubilization by the detergent dihexanoylphosphatidylcholine. Several constructs of different size were tested in order to stabilize the fold of TMD0 as well as to reduce the conformation exchange. NMR spectra with sufficient resolution and homogeneity were finally obtained with a TMD0 derivative only modified by a C-terminal His10-tag and containing a codon optimized AT-rich sequence.
    Journal of Biomolecular NMR 09/2013; · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TAPL (ABCB9) is a homodimeric polypeptide translocation machinery which transports cytosolic peptides into the lumen of lysosomes for degradation. Since the function of proteins is strongly dependent on the interaction network involved, we investigated the interactome of TAPL. A proteomic approach allowed to identify with lower frequency major histocompatibility complex II subunits and as most abundant interaction partners the lysosome-associated membrane proteins LAMP-1 and LAMP-2B. The interaction site of LAMP was mapped to TMD0 which is a four transmembrane helices comprising N-terminal domain of TAPL. The LAMP proteins bind independently from one another to TAPL. This interaction has neither influence on subcellular localization nor on peptide transport activity. However, in LAMP deficient cells the half-life of TAPL is decreased by a factor of five whereas LIMP-2 as another lysosomal membrane protein is not affected. Reduced stability of TAPL is caused by increased lysosomal degradation indicating that LAMP proteins retain TAPL on the limiting membrane of endosomes and prevent its sorting to intraluminal vesicles.
    Journal of Cell Science 05/2012; · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The loading of antigenic peptides onto major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I) molecules is an essential step in the adaptive immune response against virally or malignantly transformed cells. The ER-resident peptide-loading complex (PLC) consists of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP1 and TAP2), assembled with the auxiliary factors tapasin and MHC I. Here, we demonstrated that the N-terminal extension of each TAP subunit represents an autonomous domain, named TMD(0), which is correctly targeted to and inserted into the ER membrane. In the absence of coreTAP, each TMD(0) recruits tapasin in a 1:1 stoichiometry. Although the TMD(0)s lack known ER retention/retrieval signals, they are localized to the ER membrane even in tapasin-deficient cells. We conclude that the TMD(0)s of TAP form autonomous interaction hubs linking antigen translocation into the ER with peptide loading onto MHC I, hence ensuring a major function in the integrity of the antigen-processing machinery.
    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 05/2012; 69(19):3317-27. · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    Rupert Abele, Robert Tampé
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    ABSTRACT: The adaptive immune system plays an essential role in protecting vertebrates against a broad range of pathogens and cancer. The MHC class I-dependent pathway of antigen presentation represents a sophisticated cellular machinery to recognize and eliminate infected or malignantly transformed cells, taking advantage of the proteasomal turnover of the cell's proteome. TAP (transporter associated with antigen processing) 1/2 (ABCB2/3, where ABC is ATP-binding cassette) is the principal component in the recognition, translocation, chaperoning, editing and final loading of antigenic peptides on to MHC I complexes in the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) lumen. These different tasks are co-ordinated within a dynamic macromolecular peptide-loading complex consisting of TAP1/2 and various auxiliary factors, such as the adapter protein tapasin, the oxidoreductase ERp57, the lectin chaperone calreticulin, and the final peptide acceptor the MHC I heavy chain associated with β2-microglobulin. In this chapter, we summarize the structural organization and molecular mechanism of the antigen-translocation machinery as well as various modes of regulation by viral factors and in genetic diseases and tumour development.
    Essays in Biochemistry 09/2011; 50(1):249-64. · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The plant vacuole is the largest compartment in a fully expanded plant cell. While only very limited metabolic activity can be observed within the vacuole, the majority of the hydrolytic activities, including proteolytic activities reside in this organelle. Since it is assumed that protein degradation by the proteasome results in the production of peptides with a size of 3-30 amino acids, we were interested to show whether the tonoplast exhibits a transport activity, which could deliver these peptides into the vacuole for final degradation. It is shown here that isolated barley mesophyll vacuoles take up peptides of 9-27 amino acids in a strictly ATP-dependent manner. Uptake is inhibited by vanadate, but not by NH(+)(4), while GTP could partially substitute for ATP. The apparent affinity for the 9 amino acid peptide was 15 μM, suggesting that peptides are efficiently transferred to the vacuole in vivo. Inhibition experiments showed that peptides with a chain length below 10 amino acids did not compete as efficiently as longer peptides for the uptake of the 9 amino acid peptide. Our results suggest that vacuoles contain at least one peptide transporter that belongs to the ABC-type transporters, which efficiently exports long-chain peptides from the cytosol into the vacuole for final degradation.
    Journal of Experimental Botany 01/2011; 62(7):2403-10. · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ATP-binding cassette transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) plays a key role in the adaptive immune defense against infected or malignantly transformed cells by translocating proteasomal degradation products into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum for loading onto MHC class I molecules. The broad substrate spectrum of TAP, rendering peptides from 8 to 40 residues, including even branched or modified molecules, suggests an unforeseen structural flexibility of the substrate-binding pocket. Here we used EPR spectroscopy to reveal conformational details of the bound peptides. Side-chain dynamics and environmental polarity were derived from covalently attached 2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl spin probes, whereas 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid spin-labeled peptides were used to detect backbone properties. Dependent on the spin probe's position, striking differences in affinity, dynamics, and polarity were found. The side-chains' mobility was strongly restricted at the ends of the peptide, whereas the central region was flexible, suggesting a central peptide bulge. In the end, double electron electron resonance allowed the determination of intrapeptide distances in doubly labeled peptides bound to TAP. Simulations based on a rotamer library led to the conclusion that peptides bind to TAP in an extended kinked structure, analogous to those bound to MHC class I proteins.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2011; 108(4):1349-54. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    Irina Bangert, Franz Tumulka, Rupert Abele
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    ABSTRACT: The transporter associated with antigen processing-like (TAPL) is a polypeptide transporter translocating cytosolic peptides into the lumen of lysosomes driven by ATP hydrolysis. TAPL belongs to the family of ABC transporters and forms a homodimer. This ABC transporter not only shows a broad tissue but also a wide phylogenetic distribution, because orthologs are still found in nematodes and insects. Here, we present the topology, substrate specificity, and distribution of this intracellular polypeptide transporter. Additionally, we will discuss its proposed physiological functions such as housekeeping together with a specialized factor for metabolite storage as well as for the adaptive immunity.
    Biological Chemistry 01/2011; 392(1-2):61-6. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: G-protein coupled receptors still represent one of the most challenging targets in membrane protein research. Here we present a strategic approach for the cell-free synthesis of these complex membrane proteins exemplified by the preparative scale production of the human endothelin A receptor. The versatility of the cell-free expression system was used to modulate sample quality by alteration of detergents hence presenting different solubilization environments to the synthesized protein at different stages of the production process. Sample properties after co-translational and post-translational solubilization have been analysed by evaluation of homogeneity, protein stability and receptor ligand binding competence. This is a first quality evaluation of a membrane protein obtained in two different cell-free expression modes and we demonstrate that both can be used for the production of ligand-binding competent endothelin A receptor in quantities sufficient for structural approaches. The presented strategy of cell-free expression protocol development could serve as basic guideline for the production of related receptors in similar systems.
    Journal of Structural Biology 05/2010; 172(1):94-106. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The homodimeric ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport complex TAPL (transporter associated with antigen processing-like, ABCB9) translocates a broad spectrum of peptides from the cytosol into the lumen of lysosomes. The presence of an extra N-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD0) lacking any sequence homology to known proteins distinguishes TAPL from most other ABC transporters of its subfamily. By dissecting TAPL, we could assign distinct functions to the core complex and TMD0. The core-TAPL complex, composed of six predicted transmembrane helices and a nucleotide-binding domain, is sufficient for peptide transport, showing that the core transport complex is correctly targeted to and assembled in the membrane. Strikingly, in contrast to the full-length transporter, the core translocation complex is targeted preferentially to the plasma membrane. However, TMD0 alone, comprising a putative four transmembrane helix bundle, traffics to lysosomes. Upon coexpression, TMD0 forms a stable non-covalently linked complex with the core translocation machinery and guides core-TAPL into lysosomal compartments. Therefore, TMD0 represents a unique domain, which folds independently and encodes the information for lysosomal targeting. These outcomes are discussed in respect of trafficking, folding and function of TAPL.
    Traffic 03/2010; 11(3):383-93. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) is an essential machine of the adaptive immune system that translocates antigenic peptides from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum lumen for loading of major histocompatibility class I molecules. To examine this ABC transport complex in mechanistic detail, we have established, after extensive screening and optimization, the solubilization, purification, and reconstitution for TAP to preserve its function in each step. This allowed us to determine the substrate-binding stoichiometry of the TAP complex by fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy. In addition, the TAP complex shows strict coupling between peptide binding and ATP hydrolysis, revealing no basal ATPase activity in the absence of peptides. These results represent an optimal starting point for detailed mechanistic studies of the transport cycle of TAP by single molecule experiments to analyze single steps of peptide translocation and the stoichiometry between peptide transport and ATP hydrolysis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2009; 284(49):33740-33749. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) is an essential machine of the adaptive immune system that translocates antigenic peptides from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum lumen for loading of major histocompatibility class I molecules. To examine this ABC transport complex in mechanistic detail, we have established, after extensive screening and optimization, the solubilization, purification, and reconstitution for TAP to preserve its function in each step. This allowed us to determine the substrate-binding stoichiometry of the TAP complex by fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy. In addition, the TAP complex shows strict coupling between peptide binding and ATP hydrolysis, revealing no basal ATPase activity in the absence of peptides. These results represent an optimal starting point for detailed mechanistic studies of the transport cycle of TAP by single molecule experiments to analyze single steps of peptide translocation and the stoichiometry between peptide transport and ATP hydrolysis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2009; 284(49):33740-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    Rupert Abele, Robert Tampé
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    ABSTRACT: Cells are metastable per se and a fine-tuned balance of de novo protein synthesis and degradation shapes their proteome. The primary function of peptides is to supply amino acids for de novo protein synthesis or as an energy source during starvation. Peptides are intrinsically short-lived and steadily trimmed by an armada of intra and extracellular peptidases. However, peptides acquired additional, more sophisticated tasks already early in evolution. Here, we summarize current knowledge on intracellular peptide trafficking and translocation mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport machineries with a focus on the functions of protein degradation products as important signaling molecules in self-defense mechanisms.
    Current opinion in cell biology 06/2009; 21(4):508-15. · 14.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) represents a focal point in the immune recognition of virally or malignantly transformed cells by translocating proteasomal degradation products into the endoplasmic reticulum-lumen for loading of MHC class I molecules. Based on a number of experimental data and the homology to the bacterial ABC exporter Sav1866, we constructed a 3D structural model of the core TAP complex and used it to examine the interface between the transmembrane and nucleotide-binding domains (NBD) by cysteine-scanning and cross-linking approaches. Herein, we demonstrate the functional importance of the newly identified X-loop in the NBD in coupling substrate binding to downstream events in the transport cycle. We further verified domain swapping in a heterodimeric ABC half-transporter complex by cysteine cross-linking. Strikingly, either substrate binding or translocation can be blocked by cross-linking the X-loop to coupling helix 2 or 1, respectively. These results resolve the structural arrangement of the transmission interface and point to different functions of the cytosolic loops and coupling helices in substrate binding, signaling, and transport.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 05/2009; 106(14):5551-6. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The lysosomal ABC transporter associated with antigen processing-like (TAPL, ABCB9) acts as an ATP-dependent polypeptide transporter with broad length selectivity. To characterize in detail its substrate specificity, a procedure for functional reconstitution of human TAPL was developed. By intensive screening of detergents, ideal solubilization conditions were evolved with respect to efficiency, long term stability, and functionality of TAPL. TAPL was isolated in a two-step procedure with high purity and, subsequently, reconstituted into proteoliposomes. The peptide transport activity of reconstituted TAPL strongly depends on the lipid composition. With the help of combinatorial peptide libraries, the key positions of the peptides were localized to the N- and C-terminal residues with respect to peptide transport. At both ends, TAPL favors positively charged, aromatic, or hydrophobic residues and disfavors negatively charged residues as well as asparagine and methionine. Besides specific interactions of both terminal residues, electrostatic interactions are important, since peptides with positive net charge are more efficiently transported than negatively charged ones.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2008; 283(25):17083-91. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The delivery of protein fragments to major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-loading compartments of professional antigen-presenting cells is essential in the adaptive immune response against pathogens. Apart from the crucial role of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) for peptide loading of MHC class I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum, TAP-independent translocation pathways have been proposed but not identified so far. Based on its overlapping substrate specificity with TAP, we herein investigated the ABC transporter ABCB9, also named TAP-like (TAPL). Remarkably, TAPL expression is strongly induced during differentiation of monocytes to dendritic cells and to macrophages. TAPL does not, however, restore MHC class I surface expression in TAP-deficient cells, demonstrating that TAPL alone or in combination with single TAP subunits does not form a functional transport complex required for peptide loading of MHC I in the endoplasmic reticulum. In fact, by using quantitative immunofluorescence and subcellular fractionation, TAPL was detected in the lysosomal compartment co-localizing with the lysosome-associated membrane protein LAMP-2. By in vitro assays, we demonstrate a TAPL-specific translocation of peptides into isolated lysosomes, which strictly requires ATP hydrolysis. These results suggest a mechanism by which antigenic peptides have access to the lysosomal compartment in professional antigen-presenting cells.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2008; 282(52):37836-43. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By translocating proteasomal degradation products into the endoplasmic reticulum for loading of major histocompatibility complex I molecules, the ABC transporter TAP plays a focal role in the adaptive immunity against infected or malignantly transformed cells. A key question regarding the transport mechanism is how the quality of the incoming peptide is detected and how this information is transmitted to the ATPase domains. To identify residues involved in this process, we evolved a Trojan horse strategy in which a small artificial protease is inserted into antigenic epitopes. After binding, the TAP backbone in contact is cleaved, allowing the peptide sensor site to be mapped by mass spectrometry. Within this sensor site, we identified residues that are essential for tight coupling of peptide binding and transport. This sensor and transmission interface is restructured during the ATP hydrolysis cycle, emphasizing its important function in the cross-talk between the transmembrane and the nucleotide-binding domains. This allocrite sensor may be similarly positioned in other members of the ABC exporter family.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2007; 282(6):3871-80. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evade the host's immune response, herpes simplex virus employs the immediate early gene product ICP47 (IE12) to suppress antigen presentation to cytotoxic T-lymphocytes by inhibition of the ATP-binding cassette transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). ICP47 is a membrane-associated protein adopting an alpha-helical conformation. Its active domain was mapped to residues 3-34 and shown to encode all functional properties of the full-length protein. The active domain of ICP47 was reconstituted into oriented phospholipid bilayers and studied by proton-decoupled 15N and 2H solid-state NMR spectroscopy. In phospholipid bilayers, the protein adopts a helix-loop-helix structure, where the average tilt angle of the helices relative to the membrane surface is approximately 15 degrees (+/- 7 degrees ). The alignment of both structured domains exhibits a mosaic spread of approximately 10 degrees . A flexible dynamic loop encompassing residues 17 and 18 separates the two helices. Refinement of the experimental data indicates that helix 1 inserts more deeply into the membrane. These novel insights into the structure of ICP47 represent an important step toward a molecular understanding of the immune evasion mechanism of herpes simplex virus and are instrumental for the design of new therapeutics.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2006; 281(41):30365-72. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    Chenguang Zhao, Robert Tampé, Rupert Abele
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    ABSTRACT: The transporter associated with antigen processing like (TAPL, ABCB9) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family. Moreover, TAPL belongs to the TAP family due to its high sequence homology to TAP1 and TAP2. TAPL forms a homodimer which is localized in lysosomes with a minor fraction in the ER. It functions as an ATP-dependent peptide transporter which shows a broad peptide specificity ranging from 6-mer up to 59-mer peptides. In contrast to TAP, TAPL transports peptides with low affinity but high efficiency. This review will briefly summarize current knowledge about the structural organization and possible physiological function of TAPL in antigen processing and presentation.
    Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 04/2006; 372(6):444-50. · 2.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
219.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
      • Institute of Biochemistry
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
  • 2000–2002
    • Philipps-Universität Marburg
      • Institut für Physiologische Chemie
      Marburg an der Lahn, Hesse, Germany
  • 1998–1999
    • Max Planck Institute for Medical Research
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany