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ABSTRACT: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) has been on the rise over the past few decades, and this is associated with an increased incidence of target organ damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the features of LVH in MS patients with or without high blood pressure (BP). PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Science Citation Index, and China Biology Medicine Disc, WanFang data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure database, and VIP were searched. Cross-sectional studies which directly compared LVH in hypertensive patients with MS and those with hypertension alone were identified. The following parameters were analyzed: systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left ventricular mass/height(2.7) (LVM/h(2.7)), interventricular septum thickness (IVSt), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), left ventricular posterior wall (LVPW), ratio of early to late diastolic peak flow velocity (E/A), and relative wall thickness (RWT). Data were extracted and analyzed by Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.0 software. 14 studies involving 5,994 patients were included. In four studies, MS patients with comparable level of BP had higher SBP (mmHg) [Mean Difference (MD) = 2.28, 95 % confidence intervals (CI): -0.58 to 5.13], DBP (mmHg) (MD = 1.32, 95 % CI: -0.23 to 2.87), LVM (g) (MD = 42.10, 95 % CI: 6.92-77.28), LVMI (g/m(2)) (MD = 8.93, 95 % CI: 5.29-12.57), LVM/h(2.7) (g/m(2.7)) (MD = 5.40, 95 % CI: 2.51-8.29), IVSt (mm) (MD = 0.49, 95 % CI: 0.28-0.71), LVEDd (mm) (MD = 1.04, 95 % CI: -1.10 to 3.18), LVPW (mm) (MD = 0.75, 95 % CI: 0.13-1.37), RWT (MD = 0.06, 95 % CI: -0.00 to 0.12), and lower E/A (MD = -0.08, 95 % CI: -0.18 to 0.02) when compared to the patients with hypertension alone. In other ten studies, the hypertensive patients with MS exhibited higher levels of SBP (mmHg) (MD = 4.67, 95 % CI: 2.72-6.62), DBP (mmHg) (MD = 2.03,95 % CI: 1.40-2.65), LVM (g) (MD = 24.79, 95 % CI: 20.21-29.36), LVMI(g/m(2)) (MD = 9.22, 95 % CI: 2.81-15.64), LVM/h(2.7) (g/m(2.7)) (MD = 5.97, 95 % CI: 4.14-7.80), IVSt (mm) (MD = 0.63, 95 % CI: 0.58-0.69), LVEDd (mm) (MD = 1.11, 95 % CI: 0.42-1.80), LVPW (mm) (MD = 0.63, 95 % CI: 0.31-0.94), RWT (MD = 0.02, 95 % CI: 0.01-0.03), as compared to patients with hypertension alone (P < 0.05). In addition, the MS patients combining with hypertension showed a lower E/A (MD = -0.07, 95 % CI: -0.10 to -0.04) when compared to those with hypertension alone. This study suggests that MS plays an important role in the development of LVH. MS seems to amplify hypertension-related cardiac changes. Furthermore, MS combining with higher level of BP will aggravate LVH and damage the diastolic function of left ventricle.
Endocrine 01/2013; 43(3). DOI:10.1007/s12020-013-9883-4 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Backround: Evidencessuggest that female sexual dysfunction(FSD) is more prevalent in hypertensive women than in normotensive women. One possible explanation might be the impacts of hypertension oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress and FSD in hypertensive women. Methods: Total of 160 hypertensive (1 or 2 degree) women and 50 normotensive women, aged 18-60 years, were investigated. Hypertensive patients were newly diagnosed, previously untreated no less than one month. Female sexual function was evaluated using a female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire. Levels of serum 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured. Linear regression analysis was used to identify predictors of an abnormal FSFI score with variables associated with it during univariate analysis. Funding from: The Specific Project of Technological Research and Development in Gansu Province of China(0709TCYA068). Results: Sexual dysfunction was found in 60.4% of hypertensive women compared with 26.0% of normotensive women (P = 0.000). FSD rates gradually increased in older compared with younger hypertensive women. The mean score of FSFI at baseline decreased with age,and the between-age-groupdifference was statistically significant (P = 0.000). Levels of8-OHdG,HNE and MDA werelower in hypertensive patients compared with normotensive women (P = 0.003,P = 0.001,P = 0.000, respectively). In hypertensive women, levels of 8-OHdG,HNE and MDA did not statistically differ between women with FSD and normal sexual function (P = 0.375, P = 0.452, P = 0.378, respectively). No statistically significant correlation was found between FSFI score and concentration of8-OHdG,HNE and MDA(P = 0.231, P = 0.142, P = 0.104, respectively). Serum 8-OHdG,HNE and MDA were not predictors of FSFI score. Conclusions: These results suggest that FSD is more prevalent in women withessential hypertension compared with women with normalblood pressure. Status of oxidative stress is enhanced in hypertensive women. However, no relationship shows between FSD and oxidative stress. This topic need to be explored in the future study.
Journal of Hypertension 10/2011; 29:e12. DOI:10.1097/01.hjh.0000408016.48646.67 · 4.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of felodipine combined irbesartan regimen with that of felodipine combined metoprolol regimen on the sexual function in male hypertensive patients.
One hundred and twenty-three male hypertensive patients (age 25 to 60) were randomly assigned to felodipine (5 mg/d) plus irbesartan (150 mg/d, n = 64) group and felodipine (5 mg/d) plus metoprolol (47.5 mg/d, n = 59) group. Dosage of felodipine were doubled after 4 weeks if the blood pressure were > or = 140/ 90 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa). At the baseline and post 24th week treatment, sexual function of patients was assessed by the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) Questionaire. Serum testosterone (T), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and Malonaldehyde (MDA) were measured by Radioimmunoassay (RIA), ELISA and TBA respectively.
Total prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED), T, SHBG and HNE were similar between pre- and post-treatment in two groups (P > 0.05). On the other hand, the scores of the mild ED and sexual desire (SD) were improved and both serum 8-OHdG and MDA in patients with ED decreased [(146.02 +/- 60.54) ng/L vs. (139.89 +/- 62.03) ng/L, P = 0.048 and (6.59 +/- 1.75) micromol/L vs. (5.51 +/- 1.65) micromol/L, P = 0.039] in Felodipine plus Irbesartan group.
The results suggested that Felodipine + Irbesartan regimen may be superior to Felodipine + metoprolol regimen for male hypertensive patients with mild ED.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 07/2011; 39(7):636-41.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the effects between felodipine plus irbesartan and felodipine plus metoprolol regimen on blood pressure and the sexual function in young and middle-aged hypertensive women.
In this prospective, randomized, parallelized, controlled and fixed combined therapy trial, 99 female patients (aged 18 to 60) with grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension (BP ≥ 140/90 mm Hg and < 179/109 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) were assigned to felodipine 5 mg q.d + irbesartan 150 mg q.d (F + I group, n = 49) and felodipine 5 mg q.d + metoprolol 47.5 mg q.d (F + M group, n = 50) group. Target blood pressure was < 140/90 mm Hg. The female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire, levels of serum estradiol and testosterone were assessed. Female sexual dysfunction was defined as a FSFI score of less than 25.5. Patients were followed up for 24 weeks.
The rate of achieving blood pressure goal between 2 groups was similar at the 4th, 8th, 12th and 24th weeks respectively (42.9% vs. 62.0% at 4th week, 89.8% vs. 90.0% at 8th week, 93.9% vs. 94.0% at 12th week, 98.0% vs. 96.0% at 24th week, P > 0.05). Compared to baseline, scores for the items related to "desire" and "arousal" were significantly improved (P < 0.05), the level of the serum estradiol was significantly elevated [(50.3 ± 37.4) pg/L vs. (54.4 ± 10.8) pg/L before menopause, (18.4 ± 2.9) pg/L vs. (20.2 ± 3.1)pg/L after menopause, P < 0.05] and the level of the serum testosterone was significantly decreased [(722.8 ± 277.1) ng/L vs. (650.0 ± 156.0) ng/L before menopause, (841.2 ± 279.3) ng/L vs. (761.9 ± 197.8) ng/L after menopause, P < 0.05] in the F + I group, while scores for the items related to "sexual desire" and "lubrication" were statistically reduced (P < 0.01), the concentration of the serum estradiol was significantly reduced [(57.4 ± 9.7) pg/L vs. (51.1 ± 12.1) pg/L before menopause, (19.8 ± 2.3) pg/L vs. (17.8 ± 3.3) pg/L after menopause, P < 0.01] and the level of the serum testosterone was significantly increased [(775.6 ± 217.8) ng/L vs. (886.0 ± 186.4) ng/L before menopause, (812.5 ± 311.3) ng/L vs. (914.4 ± 300.2) ng/L after menopause, P < 0.01] in the F + M group. FSFI score was negatively correlated with age and systolic blood pressure levels.
felodipine plus irbesartan or metoprolol for 24 weeks equally reduced blood pressure and the former regimen is superior to the latter on sexual function improvement in this patient cohort.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 08/2010; 38(8):728-33.
International Journal of Cardiology 10/2009; 137. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.09.386 · 6.18 Impact Factor