ABSTRACT: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is a compound associated with free radical mediated hepatotoxicity in humans and laboratory animals. Previous research indicates that the cytotoxicity caused by CCl4 may be mediated by the rapid induction of PARP-1, a nuclear repair enzyme, which results in celluar depletion of NAD+ and ATP. Animal models indicate that the inhibition of PARP-1 after CCl4 exposure will attenuate cytotoxicity in mouse hepatocytes. In this investigation, the potential hepatoprotective effects of the PARP-1 inhibitor 6,(5H)-phenanthridinone against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity was tested in human cells from the HepG2 primary hepatoma cell line. Cytotoxicity assay results indicate significant reductions in cell death with treatment of 20uM and 40uM solutions of 6,(5H)-phenanthridinone. PARP-1 activity assay results confirm that these protective effects correspond to the inhibition of PARP-1 by 6,(5H)-phenanthridinone. The findings in this study indicate that the effect of PARP-1 inhibition on cytotoxicity in human hepatocytes after CCl4 insult is consistent with the effect of PARP-1 inhibition on cytotoxicity found in animal models.
Research communications in molecular pathology and pharmacology 120-121(1-6):117-26.