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ABSTRACT: To summary the experience of the surgical comprehensive treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).
From July 1999 to December 2009, a total of 506 patients suffered SAP were admitted with a mean APACHE II score 12.8 ± 4.6. There were 270 male and 236 female, aged from 16 to 89 years, mean age 43 years. SAP patients were treated by the SAP treatment team which consisted of pancreatic specialized and multidisciplinary doctors. Two hundreds and thirty-four cases (46.2%) received non-operative treatment and 272 cases (53.8%) received surgical intervention.
In 506 cases, 445 patients were cured and 52 patients died (31 died in early stage, 21 died in later stage), 9 cases discharged automatically. The overall incidence of complication, overall mortality and overall curative rate were 29.4% (149/506), 10.3% (52/506) and 87.9% (445/506), respectively. The incidences of complication in non-operative group and in surgical intervention group were 27.8% (65/234) and 30.9% (84/272), respectively (P > 0.05). The mortality in non-operative group and in surgical intervention group were 9.4% (22/234) and 11.0% (30/272), respectively (P > 0.05). The curative rates in non-operative group and in surgical intervention group were 90.6% (212/234) and 85.7% (233/272), respectively (P > 0.05).
Patients should be treated in ICU in the early phase of the disease when APACHE II score > 10. Pancreatic specialized and multidisciplinary team treatment, appropriate choice of timing, indication and procedure of surgical intervention and details of drainage are vital to the prognosis of SAP.
Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 09/2010; 48(18):1383-6.