ABSTRACT: The objective was to introduce exogenous DNA into commercially sex-sorted bovine sperm using nanopolymer for transfection. In the first experiment, the optimal concentration and ratio of linear-to-circular plasmid was determined for NanoSMGT in unsorted sperm. A second experiment was conducted to transfect exogenous DNA into sex-sorted sperm. Exogenous DNA uptake occurred in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). The optimal amount of DNA was 10 μg/10(6) cells. The ratios of linear-to-circular plasmid do not influence the uptake by unsorted sperm cells and none of the tested treatments affected sperm motility and viability. Commercially sex-sorted bovine sperm were able to uptake exogenous DNA using nanopolymer; however, both X- and Y-sorted sperm had decreased DNA uptake in comparison to unsorted sperm (P < 0.05). Neither sperm motility nor viability were affected by nanotransfection. In conclusion, nanopolymer efficiently introduced exogenous DNA into commercially sex-sorted bovine sperm; we inferred that these sperm could be used for production of embryos of the desired sex, a technique named NanoSMGT.
Theriogenology 03/2011; 75(8):1476-81. · 1.96 Impact Factor