Noritoshi Honda

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (28)74.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is frequently known to involve multiple organ systems. However, gastrointestinal involvement by LCH is rare. We describe a 68-year-old woman with a 3-year history of intermittent diarrhea initially diagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease. She was subsequently found to have systemic LCH with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, and skin after skin biopsy was performed. A retrospective review of patients with cutaneous involvement of LCH seen at the Mayo Clinic over the past 15 years was conducted. The presence of systemic disease as well as specific organ system involvement was reviewed. Twenty-four patients with cutaneous LCH were identified. Besides our case, one other patient with both gastrointestinal and cutaneous involvement was identified. This patient died at six months of age. No other adult-onset cases were identified. Gastrointestinal involvement with LCH is rare, can be easily misdiagnosed, and likely portends a poor prognosis. In patients with ill-defined systemic symptoms, cutaneous exam and biopsy have the potential to diagnose systemic disease.
    International journal of dermatology 03/2014; 53(3):300-4. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an intermediate malignancy of the skin. Although COL1A1/PDGFB fusion gene was identified in the tumor cells recently, not all of the cases were positive for the fusion gene, and further researches are still needed to clarify the pathogenesis of DFSP. In this study, we investigated the role of microRNAs in the tumor. microRNA PCR array showed several microRNAs increased or decreased in DFSP in vivo compared with dermatofibroma (DF) and normal skin. Among them, the expression of miR-205 was down-regulated in DFSP compared with DF and normal skin. In situ hybridization showed that miR-205 expression was evident in dermal fibroblasts of normal skin although hardly detected in tumor cells of DF or DFSP. miR-205 inhibitor increased cell proliferation and the luciferase activity of 3'UTR of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) in cultured normal dermal fibroblasts. Immunohistochemistry showed the expression of LRP-1 was increased in DFSP tissue. Knockdown of LRP-1 suppressed cell growth and down-regulated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation without affecting MEK phosphorylation in cultured DFSP cells. Taken together, LRP-1 overexpression caused by the miR-205 down-regulation may play a role in the abnormal proliferation of DFSP cells via directly regulating ERK phosphorylation.
    Archives for Dermatological Research 02/2014; · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We tried to clarify the role of IL-20 in the regulatory mechanism of extracellular matrix expression and its contribution to the phenotype of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods: Protein and mRNA levels of collagen, Fli1, IL-20 and IL-20 receptor were analyzed using PCR array, immunoblotting, immunohistochemical staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time PCR. Results: PCR array revealed that IL-20 decreases gene expression of α2(I) collagen (0.03-fold), Smad3 (0.02-fold), and endoglin (0.05-fold) in cultured normal dermal fibroblasts. Fli1 protein expression was induced by IL-20 (about 2-fold). The inhibitory effect of IL-20 on collagen, inducible effect on Fli1 and the reducible effect on Smad3 and endoglin were also observed in SSc fibroblasts. Serum IL-20 levels were reduced in SSc patients only slightly, but significantly decreased in patients with scleroderma spectrum disorder, prodromal stage of SSc, compared to normal subjects (111.3 vs 180.4 pg/ml, P<0.005). On the other hand, IL-20 mRNA expression in the SSc skin was decreased compared to normal skin (P<0.001), which may induce collagen synthesis in SSc dermal fibroblasts. IL-20 receptor was expressed in normal and SSc fibroblasts. Moreover, we revealed that IL-20 supplementation by injection into the skin improved the skin fibrosis induced by bleomycin in mice (about 0.5-fold). Conclusion: IL-20 reduces basal collagen transcription via Fli1 induction, while the down-regulation of Smad3 and endoglin may cancel the effect of TGF-β in SSc fibroblasts. To confirm the therapeutic value, the function and expression of IL-20 and its receptor in vivo should be further studied in the future. © 2014 American College of Rheumatology.
    Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.). 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Lupus erythematosus profundus is a rare inflammatory disorder of subcutaneous fat in patients with lupus ery-thematosus. Previous reports suggested that plasmacytoid dendritic cells, which expressed CD123 and CD303 antigens, play a central proinflammatory role in the patho-genesis of lupus erythematosus. To find the factors that determine the response to treatment, we analysed 23 skin specimens from the patients with lupus erythematosus profundus. The patients with considerable lymphocytic inflammation with high percentages of CD123+ cells in dermis and subcutaneous fat significantly responded to the systemic corticosteroid therapies. On the other hand, the patients with minor lymphocytic inflammation with low percentages of CD123+ cells showed poor response to treatments. The mean percentage of CD123+ cells in patients who showed good response to therapy was significantly higher than those that showed poor response (p = 0.027). These results suggest that the clinical response to treatment of lupus erythematosus profundus could be predicted from the histological features.
    Acta Dermato-Venereologica 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Serum microRNA levels are known as useful biomarkers for various diseases. Recent publication has indicated the existence of microRNAs in hair roots and hair shafts. In this study, we evaluated several methods for the extraction of hair microRNAs, and their usefulness for the diagnosis of scleroderma. A single hair root and 5 pieces of hair shafts were obtained from the occiput of each individual of 11 scleroderma patients and 13 normal subjects at the time of serum sampling. microRNA extraction from sera or hair roots was performed with commercially available kits. microRNAs were extracted from hair shafts using four different methods. microRNA expression was evaluated by PCR array and real-time PCR. We demonstrated microRNAs in hair roots and hair shafts were detectable and quantitative using our method. We found the difference of microRNA levels in hair roots and hair shafts obtained from different places of head in each individual were within 2-fold, indicating the reproducibility of hair microRNA levels by our method. PCR array revealed microRNAs from sera, hair roots and hair shafts have different expression pattern, and can be independent biomarkers. Serum and hair root miR-196a levels were not significantly changed in scleroderma patients, while we found miR-196a levels in hair shafts were significantly decreased in scleroderma patients compared to those in normal subjects (p<0.05). Hairs are more accessible than sera among human samples. microRNAs levels in hair roots or hair shafts may become effective and independent biomarkers.
    Journal of dermatological science 07/2013; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we compared expression pattern of multiple microRNAs in individual patient with scleroderma with that in normal subject. Serum levels of six microRNAs (miR-7 g, miR-21, miR-29b, miR-125, miR-145 and miR-206) were evaluated using real-time PCR in 15 patients with scleroderma and 15 normal subjects. While levels of the six microRNAs were similar between the two groups, we found significant difference in the ranks between miRNAs in patients with scleroderma. Additionally, levels of let-7 g and miR-125b showed strong and significant correlation in normal subjects, but not in patients with scleroderma. Thus, miRNA expression pattern may be different in patients with scleroderma. We also found the combination of serum levels of miR-206 and miR-21 was more useful in distinguishing patients with scleroderma from normal subjects than either miR-206 or miR-21 alone. Our study is the first to demonstrate different expression profiles of multiple microRNAs in each patient with scleroderma and examine its clinical significance.
    Experimental Dermatology 07/2013; 22(7):489-491. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic and localized scleroderma (SSc and LSc) is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen and tissue fibrosis in the skin. Although they have fundamental common characteristics including autoimmunity, little is known about the exact mechanism that mediates the excessive collagen expression in these disorders. In the current study, we tried to evaluate the possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) play some roles in the pathogenesis of fibrosis seen in these diseases. miRNA expression patterns were evaluated by miRNA array analysis, real-time PCR, and in situ hybridization. The function of miRNAs in dermal fibroblasts was assessed using miRNA inhibitors, precursors, or protectors. In the mouse model of bleomycin-induced dermal sclerosis, the overexpression of miRNAs was performed by i.p. miRNA injection. We demonstrated let-7a expression was downregulated in SSc and LSc skin both in vivo and in vitro, compared with normal or keloid skin. The inhibition or overexpression of let-7a in human or mouse skin fibroblasts affected the protein expression of type I collagen or luciferase activity of collagen 3'-untranslated region. Also, we found let-7a was detectable and quantitative in the serum and investigated serum let-7a levels in patients with SSc or LSc. let-7a concentration was significantly decreased in these patients, especially in LSc patients. Moreover, we revealed that the intermittent overexpression of let-7a in the skin by i.p. miRNA injection improved the skin fibrosis induced by bleomycin in mice. Investigation of more detailed mechanisms of miRNA-mediated regulation of collagen expression may lead to new therapeutic approaches against SSc and LSc.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2013; · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Dermatological Science. 02/2013; 69(2):e15.
  • Journal of Dermatological Science. 02/2013; 69(2):e17.
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    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of integrins in dermal fibroblasts is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis, but the mechanism is unknown. We evaluated the possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of integrin β3 in these cells. The miRNA expression profile was determined by miRNA PCR array and real-time PCR. Protein expression of integrin β3 was determined by immunoblotting. In vivo detection of miRNA in paraffin section was performed by in situ hybridization. miR-150 expression was decreased in SSc fibroblasts both in vivo and in vitro. The transfection of miR-150 inhibitor into normal fibroblasts induced expression of integrin β3, phosphorylated Smad3, and type I collagen, whereas forced overexpression of the miRNA resulted in their down-regulation in SSc fibroblasts. Treatment of SSc fibroblasts with 5-AdC revealed that miR-150 down-regulation in these cells is caused by DNA methylation. In addition, we found that miR-150 is detectable and quantitative in serum. Serum miR-150 levels were decreased in SSc patients, and the SSc patients with lower serum miR-150 levels tended to have more severe clinical manifestations. miR-150 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SSc via overexpression of integrin β3. Investigation of the regulatory mechanisms of tissue fibrosis by miR-150 could lead to development of new diagnostic tools and new treatments using miRNA.
    American Journal Of Pathology 11/2012; · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • Clinical and experimental rheumatology 11/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular abnormalities are one of the common features in rheumatic diseases, but their pathogenesis is still not known. Angiogenin, a molecule implicated in the angiogenic process, may play some roles in such vascular changes. Serum angiogenin concentrations were measured in 21 scleroderma patients, 10 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 21 patients with dermatomyositis (DM), 5 patients with polymyositis (PM), 11 patients with clinically amyopathic DM (CADM) and 12 normal subjects, with specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Angiogenin mRNA in vivo was determined in skin tissues of 5 DM patients, 4 CADM patients, 5 SLE patients and 7 normal subjects using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions. We could not find any significant differences in the serum angiogenin levels among normal subjects and patients with rheumatic diseases. However, when we evaluated the correlation of serum angiogenin levels with clinical features of 32 DM/CADM patients, the patients with increased angiogenin levels had significantly higher aldolase levels than those with decreased levels. On the other hand, angiogenin mRNA is significantly up-regulated in the involved skin of DM and CADM, suggesting that angiogenin expression is up-regulated locally in the skin but not in sera of patients with DM and CADM. In conclusion, dysregulated angiogenin expression may contribute to the pathogenesis of myositis as well as skin involvement via the vascular change in DM/CADM. Further studies with an increased number of patients may help to clarify the relationship between angiogenin and vascular abnormalities in rheumatic diseases and to develop new therapeutic strategies.
    Bioscience trends 10/2012; 6(5):229-33. · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 10/2012; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. There is an urgent need to develop new therapeutic approaches against skin fibrosis. Although intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may be one of the promising treatments, the mechanisms by which IVIG improves the fibrosis of SSc remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare the cytokine profile in the sera and skin of SSc patients before and after IVIG administration, and try to clarify the mechanism of the effect of IVIG. METHODS: Each three patients received 5-day administration of IVIG, or the same dose of physiologic saline for placebo. Cytokine levels were determined by ELISA array, immunostaining, and real-time PCR. RESULTS: Cytokine array revealed that the serum levels of IFN-γ and IL-12, representative Th1 cytokines, were increased by IVIG treatment, but not by placebo. The percentage of IFN-γ- and IL-12-positive cell number/CD4-positive T lymphocyte cell number was also significantly increased by IVIG in SSc skin. Furthermore, mRNA expression of IFN-γ and IL-12 in SSc skin tissue was significantly up-regulated after IVIG treatment. CONCLUSION: The expression of Th1 cytokine is reported to be decreased in SSc. Our study suggested IVIG recovered the suppressed levels of Th1 cytokines, and that the treatment improves skin fibrosis by correcting the Th1/Th2 balance. In order to facilitate the clinical use of IVIG for SSc, it is necessary to perform a larger study in the future.
    Journal of dermatological science 09/2012; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Localized scleroderma (LSc), a connective tissue disorder restricted to the skin and subcutaneous tissue, is characterized by skin fibrosis due to an excessive deposition of types I collagen. The mechanism of such fibrosis is still unknown, but epigenetics may play some roles in the excessive collagen expression. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of fibrosis seen in LSc, focusing on microRNA (miRNA). miRNA expression was determined by PCR array, real-time PCR, and in situ hybridization. The function of miRNA was evaluated using specific inhibitor. Immunoblotting was performed to detect α2(I) collagen protein. PCR array analysis using tissue miRNA demonstrated miR-7 level was significantly decreased in LSc skin as well as keloid tissue compared to normal skin in vivo. In situ hybridization also showed miR-7 expression in dermal fibroblasts was decreased in LSc dermis. The transfection of specific inhibitor for miR-7 into cultured normal dermal fibroblasts resulted in the up-regulation of α2(I) collagen protein in vitro. Also, the serum levels of miR-7 were significantly decreased in LSc patients compared with healthy controls, but serum miR-29a levels not. Systemic or local down-regulation of miR-7 may contribute to the pathogenesis of LSc via the overexpression of α2(I) collagen, and serum miR-7 may be useful as a disease marker. Investigation of the regulatory mechanisms of LSc by miRNA may lead to new treatments by the transfection into the lesional skin of this disease.
    Archives for Dermatological Research 09/2012; · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been shown recently that immunotherapy for advanced melanoma is effective. However, in order to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy, the identification of more specific melanoma-associated antigens is urgently needed. Kinesin family member 20A (KIF20A) has been reported to be a promising immunotherapeutic target for pancreatic cancer. To investigate the expression of KIF20A in melanoma, we performed quantitative reverse transcript (RT)-PCR and western blotting analyses of melanoma cell lines. We also investigated primary melanomas and naevus tissues with immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. KIF20A expression was detected in 59% of melanomas and 12% of naevi by immunohisto-chemistry, and 64% of melanomas and 60% of naevi by real-time RT-PCR. The primary melanomas that were positive for KIF20A showed a significantly greater thickness than those that were negative, and patients with KIF20A+ melanoma tended to develop recurrence earlier. These results suggest that immunotherapy with KIF20A may be a novel treatment option for advanced melanoma.
    Acta Dermato-Venereologica 08/2012; 92(6):593-7.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in scleroderma (SSc) skin may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Our study was undertaken to evaluate whether dermal fibroblasts function as one of the sources of the increased VEGF in SSc, and to clarify its mechanism. METHODS: Protein and mRNA levels of VEGF were analyzed using immunoblotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time PCR. The DNA-binding ability of Smad3 was evaluated by DNA affinity precipitation. RESULTS: VEGF mRNA expression in vivo was increased in SSc skin compared to skin with other collagen diseases. Expression of VEGF protein and mRNA in cultured SSc dermal fibroblasts was constitutively and significantly upregulated. Ectopic TGF-β stimulation induced VEGF synthesis in normal fibroblasts, and TGF-β knockdown normalized the upregulated VEGF levels in SSc fibroblasts. Furthermore, Smad3 overexpression induced VEGF levels. We found that bp -532 to -521 on the VEGF promoter is a putative binding site for Smads, and that the binding activity of Smad3 to VEGF promoter was constitutively increased in SSc fibroblasts as well as in normal fibroblasts treated with exogenous TGF-β1. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that VEGF were overexpressed due to autocrine TGF-β/Smad signaling in SSc. TGF-β signaling may contribute to the pathogenesis of angiopathy as well as tissue fibrosis.
    Modern Rheumatology 06/2012; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (Angptl3) is one of the angiogenic cytokines that stimulates endothelial cell adhesion, migration, and neovascularization. No link has been established between Angptl3 and rheumatic diseases such as systemic sclerosis or dermatomyositis (DM). In this study, we determined the serum Angptl3 levels in patients with various rheumatic diseases, and tried to evaluate the possibility that serum levels of Angptl3 can be a useful disease marker. Serum samples were collected from 21 SSc patients, 10 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, 21 DM patients, 5 polymyositis (PM) patients and 11 patients with clinically amyopathic DM (CADM) as well as 12 healthy volunteers. Levels of serum Angptl3 were measured with a specific ELISA kit. There was a significant increase of serum Angptl3 levels in patients with SSc or DM (p<0.05). Levels of serum Angptl3 were also slightly higher in patients with ADM, PM or SLE compared with healthy controls, but not statistically significant. Myoglobin levels were significantly higher in DM patients with increased serum Angptl3 levels than those with normal levels (p<0.05). In addition, among patients with SSc, the prevalence of cutaneous ulcers was significantly greater in patients with elevated Angptl3 levels than those with normal levels (p<0.05). Serum Angptl3 levels may be associated with the pathogenesis of muscle involvement in DM patients and microangiopathy in SSc patients. Clarifying the role of Angptl3 in each rheumatic disease may lead to further understanding of the pathogenesis and new therapeutic approaches.
    European journal of dermatology : EJD. 06/2012; 22(4):500-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Among IL-17 families, IL-17A and IL-17F share amino acid sequence similarity and bind to IL-17R type A. IL-17 signaling is implicated in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases, but its role in the regulatory mechanism of extracellular matrix expression and its contribution to the phenotype of systemic sclerosis (SSc) both remain to be elucidated. This study revealed that IL-17A expression was significantly increased in the involved skin and sera of SSc patients, whereas the IL-17F levels did not increase. In contrast, the expression of IL-17R type A in SSc fibroblasts significantly decreased in comparison with that in normal fibroblasts, due to the intrinsic TGF-β1 activation in these cell types. Moreover, IL-17A, not IL-17F, reduced the protein expression of α1(I) collagen and connective tissue growth factor. miR-129-5p, one of the downregulated microRNAs in SSc fibroblasts, increased due to IL-17A and mediated the α1(I) collagen reduction. These results suggest that IL-17A signaling, not IL-17F, has an antifibrogenic effect via the upregulation of miR-129-5p and the downregulation of connective tissue growth factor and α1(I) collagen. IL-17A signaling is suppressed due to the downregulation of the receptor by the intrinsic activation of TGF-β1 in SSc fibroblasts, which may amplify the increased collagen accumulation and fibrosis characteristic of SSc. Increased IL-17A levels in the sera and involved skin of SSc may be due to negative feedback. Clarifying the novel regulatory mechanisms of fibrosis by the cytokine network consisting of TGF-β and IL-17A may lead to a new therapeutic approach for this disease.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2012; 188(8):3573-83. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous reports indicated the significance of the TGF-β signaling in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis. We tried to evaluate the possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a part in the type I collagen upregulation seen in normal fibroblasts stimulated with exogenous TGF-β and systemic sclerosis (SSc) fibroblasts. miRNA expression profile was evaluated by miRNA PCR array and real-time PCR. The protein expression of type I collagen was determined by immunoblotting. In vivo detection of miRNA in paraffin section was performed by in situ hybridization. Several miRNAs were found to be downregulated in both TGF-β-stimulated normal fibroblasts and SSc fibroblasts compared with normal fibroblasts by PCR array. Among them, miR-196a expression was decreased in SSc both in vivo and in vitro by real-time PCR or in situ hybridization. In SSc fibroblasts, miR-196a expression was normalized by TGF-β small interfering RNA. miR-196a inhibitor leads to the overexpression of type I collagen in normal fibroblasts, whereas overexpression of the miRNA resulted in the downregulation of type I collagen in SSc fibroblasts. In addition, miR-196a was detectable and quantitative in the serum of SSc patients. Patients with lower serum miR-196a levels had significantly higher ratio of diffuse cutaneous SSc:limited cutaneous SSc, higher modified Rodnan total skin thickness score, and higher prevalence of pitting scars than those without. miR-196a may play some roles in the pathogenesis of SSc. Investigation of the regulatory mechanisms of type I collagen expression by miR-196a may lead to new treatments using miRNA.
    The Journal of Immunology 02/2012; 188(7):3323-31. · 5.52 Impact Factor