ABSTRACT: Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital anomaly involving deficiency of the following structures: anterior diaphragm, supraumbilical abdominal wall, diaphragmatic pericardium, lower sternum, and associated congenital intracardiac abnormality. We describe a 3-month-old child with this syndrome having left ventricular diverticulum along with omphalocele who presented to us with a pulsating mass in the epigastrium. The defect was evaluated and defined by computed tomography scan. A team of pediatric, cardiac, and plastic surgeons successfully repaired the defects. This case report discusses the review of literature along with management options and concludes that there must be an emphasis on early repair of left ventricular diverticulum to prevent complications. Antenatal ultrasound can also detect the anomaly, and early postnatal diagnosis of the syndrome, followed by immediate surgical repair, can prevent lethal complications.
Congenital Heart Disease 09/2010; 5(5):454-7. · 0.90 Impact Factor