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ABSTRACT: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the calcium intake pattern among post menopausal women in Ahwaz, Iran. Fifty-three post menopausal women (age 57±9 year) were selected randomly. Calcium intake was estimated with a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) including fourteen items of the richest food sources of calcium. In order to evaluate calcium intake pattern, the food items divided into three categories, as dairy, grain and vegetable. Mean and standard deviation of total daily dietary calcium intake and from dairy, grain and vegetable groups were 984±354, 629±318, 200±133 and 167±151 mg, respectively. Mean and standard deviation of the daily total calcium contribution of dairy, grain and vegetable groups in calcium intake was 61±19, 22 ±16 and 17±14%, respectively. The results of this study suggested that the dietary calcium intake pattern in Ahwazian postmenopausal women is not suitable with regard to high servings of milk and dairy products; because of the effect of this food group (particularly, high fat items) on cardiovascular diseases.
Journal of Biological Sciences 03/2010; 10(3). DOI:10.3923/jbs.2010.251.254