Publications (2)1.3 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we present a continuum mathematical model for a multicellular spheroid that mimics the micro-environment within avascular tumor growth. The model consists of a coupled system of non-linear convection-diffusion-reaction equations. This system is solved using a previously developed conservative Galerkin characteristics method. In the model considered, there are three cell types: the proliferative cells, the quiescent non-dividing cells which stay in the G(0) phase of the cell cycle and the necrotic cells. The model includes viable cell diffusion, diffusion of cellular material and the removal of necrotic cells. We assume that the nutrients diffuse passively and are consumed by the proliferative and quiescent tumor cells depending on the availability of resources (oxygen, glucose, etc.). The numerical simulations are performed using different sets of parameters, including biologically realistic ones, to explore the effects of each of these model parameters on reaching the steady state. The present results, taken together with those reported earlier, indicate that the removal of necrotic cells and the diffusion of cellular material have significant effects on the steady state, reflecting growth saturation, the number of viable cells, and the spheroid size.Mathematical biosciences 03/2011; 231(2):159-71. · 1.30 Impact Factor
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation. 01/2010; 80:1269-1277.