ABSTRACT: Here, a novel cDNA encoding a serine/arginine (SR)-rich protein, designated PSR, was isolated from the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum and expressed in Escherichia coli. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence reveals that PSR contains RS repeats at its C-terminus, similar to the conventional PSRPK substrate ASF/SF2. To study the novel protein, we generated a variety of mutant constructs by PCR and site-directed mutagenesis. Our analysis indicated that the purified recombinant PSR was phosphorylated by PSRPK in vitro and the SR-rich domain (amino acids 460-469) in the PSR protein was required for phosphorylation. In addition, removal of the docking motif (amino acids 424-450) from PSR significantly reduced the overall catalytic efficiency of the phosphorylation reaction. We also found that the conserved ATP-binding region (62)LGWGHFSTVWLAIDEKNGGREVALK(86) and the serine/threonine protein kinases active-site signature (184)IIHTDLKPENVLL(196) of PSRPK played a crucial role in substrate phosphorylation and Lys(86) and Asp(188) were crucial for PSRPK phosphorylation of PSR. These results suggest that PSR is a novel SR-related protein that is phosphorylated by PSRPK.
Journal of biochemistry 03/2011; 149(3):275-83. · 1.95 Impact Factor