[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Knee joint implants developed by western companies have been imported to Korea and used for Korean patients. However, many clinical problems occur in knee joints of Korean patients after total knee joint replacement owing to the geometric mismatch between the western implants and Korean knee joint structures. To solve these problems, a method to determine the representative dimension parameter values of Korean knee joints is introduced to aid in the design of knee joint implants appropriate for Korean patients. Measurements of the dimension parameters of 88 male Korean knee joint subjects were carried out. The distribution of the subjects versus each measured parameter value was investigated. The measured dimension parameter values of each parameter were grouped by suitable intervals called the "size group," and average values of the size groups were calculated. The knee joint subjects were grouped as the "patient group" based on "size group numbers" of each parameter. From the iterative calculations to decrease the errors between the average dimension parameter values of each "patient group" and the dimension parameter values of the subjects, the average dimension parameter values that give less than the error criterion were determined to be the representative dimension parameter values for designing knee joint implants for Korean patients.
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H Journal of Engineering in Medicine 05/2012; 226(5):368-76. · 1.42 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the biomechanical effect of collars, finite element analyses are carried out through two hip joints that are implanted using collared and collarless stems, respectively, and an intact hip joint model. For the analyses, the sacrum, coxal bone, and the cancellous and cortical bones of a femur are modelled using finite elements based on X-ray computed tomographic images taken from a 27-year-old woman. From the results, it is found that a collar with perfect calcar contact prevents stem subsidence and decreases the proximal-lateral gap and the lateral stem tilting. Therefore, it can impart reasonable biomechanical stability for total hip arthroplasty. However, its low load transmission ability and increased stem tilting effect due to the imperfect contact between the collar and the calcar are found to be serious problems that need to be solved. Results of clinical follow-up are presented for supporting the computational results.
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 01/2011; 14(1):103-12. · 1.39 Impact Factor