Mohamed E K Amin

University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States

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Publications (4)4.7 Total impact

  • Mohamed E K Amin, Betty Chewning
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    ABSTRACT: During Ramadan, many Muslim patients may choose to abstain from food, drink and oral medications from dawn to sunset.
    Research in social & administrative pharmacy : RSAP. 04/2014;
  • Mohamed E.K. Amin, Betty Chewning
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    ABSTRACT: Background During Ramadan, many Muslim patients may choose to abstain from food, drink and oral medications from dawn to sunset. Objectives This study explored the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model in predicting community pharmacists’ Medication Regimen Adjustment (MRA) behavior for patients during Ramadan. Methods A sample of pharmacists was drawn from a recent list of community pharmacies in the Alexandria governorate. A cross-sectional, self-administered survey was completed by community pharmacists to determine their attitudes and behaviors regarding adjustment of medication regimens around Ramadan. Multiple linear regression was used to predict MRA as a function of the TPB constructs and four other factors – “pharmacist initiation of the conversation on MRA,” “number of hours worked,” “age,” and “religion” of pharmacist. Results Two hundred seventy-seven (92.9%) of the 298 approached pharmacists participated. While 94.2% reported performing one or more kinds of MRA around Ramadan for at least one patient, the majority of these were for a small percentage of patients. The most common MRA was changing the frequency of taking the medication followed by the dose of the medication, the dosage form of the medication and the medication itself. Statistically significant predictors of MRA in the final model included patient social pressure (PSP) (β= 0.274, P<0.001), pharmacist perceived behavioral capability (PBC) (β= 0.217, P<0.001), pharmacist perceived patient benefit (PPB) (β= 0.207, P=0.001), initiating communication (β= 0.167, P=0.001) and the number of working hours (β= 0.145, P=0.005). Conclusions The TPB appears to have utility in predicting pharmacists’ MRA behavior. Pharmacists may be open to a larger MRA role than they are currently performing. There is a need to prepare pharmacists who are frequently requested to adjust patients’ medication regimens to make sure they provide a safe transition for fasting patients into and out of Ramadan.
    Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 01/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Positive impact of community pharmacists' cognitive pharmaceutical services (CPS) is well documented. However, community pharmacists have been slow to expand CPS roles. This systematic review explores how community pharmacy intervention research can help inform efforts to expand cognitive pharmaceutical service delivery. To: 1) identify community pharmacy CPS intervention studies that report data on pharmacist behaviors, either as a final study outcome itself or as a fidelity measure in patient outcome studies, and 2) describe the state of this research to help frame future research agendas. Empirical articles examining improvement or expansion of community pharmacist cognitive services published through December 2010 were searched using various search engines, bibliography searches and authors' libraries. Studies were included if they: 1) reported findings on pharmacist behaviors during cognitive service delivery, 2) employed a minimum of pre-post design or two study arms for pharmacists/pharmacies, and 3) were in community-based pharmacies. A total of 50 studies evaluated impact of community pharmacy based CPS delivery; however, only 21 included a pharmacist behavior outcome measure as a final outcome or as a fidelity measure. The majority (14 out of 21) of studies used a randomized controlled trial design. Nearly half (10 of 21) addressed asthma or tobacco cessation. Limited details were provided about interventions to prepare pharmacists for CPS delivery. The most frequent measures of pharmacist behavior were patient surveys and observation of pharmacists' behavior by secret shoppers; electronic data sets were rarely used. There is a need for well-designed intervention research that evaluates how interventions impact on pharmacist cognitive service behavior. Positive findings from this review reinforce that planned interventions have the potential to improve and expand pharmacist cognitive service delivery; however, more detail is needed in study publications for this potential to be fully realized.
    Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 09/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Mohamed E K Amin, Betty A Chewning, Ashraf M H Wahdan
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to identify patients' perceived drug knowledge, need for more information and drug information sources, and how they varied by patient characteristics, particularly education level. A convenience sample of 366 adult patients was interviewed when leaving 20 Egyptian pharmacies after collecting a dispensed prescription. Patients were asked about their (1) perceived knowledge of their drugs' purpose, (2) use of package inserts (PIs) to learn about side effects, contraindications and drug interactions, (3) perceived need to know more about their drugs and (4) general sources of drug information beyond healthcare providers. More than 30% of the patients reported that they did not know the purpose of at least one of their drugs and only read PIs selectively. Whereas 36% read about drug interactions, more reported reading about side effects (65%) and contraindications (60%) in PIs. Sixty-nine per cent of patients reported that they needed more information about their drugs. This was true for 86.8% of patients with limited education compared to 48.5% of university graduates. University graduates reported using PI topics, newspapers, internet, TV and family and friends as sources of drug information at significantly higher rates than did patients with lower levels of education. There is a need for healthcare professionals to evaluate patient comprehension and needs for drug information, especially for patients with less schooling. Healthcare providers should also consider other information sources that a patient is using.
    International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 02/2011; 19(1):13-20.

Publication Stats

4.70 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • University of Wisconsin–Madison
      • School of Pharmacy
      Madison, Wisconsin, United States