Michele D Voeltz

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, United States

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Publications (11)59.17 Total impact

  • Michele D Voeltz, Steven V Manoukian
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    ABSTRACT: The benefit of long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with acute coronary syndromes, drug-eluting stents and those at high risk for thromboembolic events has been well established in a number of well-designed randomized controlled studies. Current research in this area has focused on the development of novel antiplatelet agents for clinical use. The BRIDGE trial evaluated the use of cangrelor as a bridge to coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients receiving extended DAPT. The BRIDGE trial results confirm the efficacy and safety of cangrelor in this population. This study is novel as it attempts to address the lapse in thienopyridine therapy required for many surgical and invasive procedures. The future of antiplatelet agents, particularly cangrelor, must also focus on bridging for high-risk patients undergoing noncoronary artery bypass graft surgical procedures. Overall, the BRIDGE trial represents a significant advance for patients appropriate for long-term DAPT.
    Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 07/2013; 11(7):811-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Oral P2Y12 platelet receptor inhibitors are a cornerstone of reducing complications in patients with acute coronary syndromes or coronary stents. Guidelines advocate discontinuing treatment with P2Y12 platelet receptor inhibitors before surgery. Cangrelor, a short-acting, reversible, intravenously administered P2Y12 platelet inhibitor is effective in achieving appropriate platelet inhibition in patients who are awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and require P2Y12 inhibition. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of preoperative cangrelor on the incidence of perioperative complications, which are currently unknown.Methods: Patients (n = 210) requiring preoperative clinical administration of thienopyridine therapy were randomized in a multicenter, double-blinded study to receive cangrelor or placebo while awaiting CABG after discontinuation of the thienopyridine. Optimal platelet reactivity, which was defined as <240 P2Y12 platelet reaction units, was measured with serial point-of-care testing (VerifyNow). Pre- and postoperative outcomes, bleeding values, and transfusion rates were compared. To quantify potential risk factors for bleeding, we developed a multivariate logistic model.Results: The differences between the groups in bleeding and perioperative transfusion rates were not significantly different. The rate of CABG-related bleeding was 11.8% (12/102) in cangrelor-treated patients and 10.4% (10/96) in the placebo group (P = .763). Transfusion rates for the groups were similar. Serious postoperative adverse events for the cangrelor and placebo groups were 7.8% (8/102) and 5.2% (5/96), respectively (P = .454).Conclusions: Compared with placebo, bridging patients with cangrelor prior to CABG effectively maintains platelet inhibition without increasing post-CABG complications, including bleeding and the need for transfusions. These data suggest cangrelor treatment is a potential strategy for bridging patients requiring P2Y12 receptor inhibition while they await surgery.
    Heart Surgery Forum 04/2013; 16(2):E60-9. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thienopyridines are among the most widely prescribed medications, but their use can be complicated by the unanticipated need for surgery. Despite increased risk of thrombosis, guidelines recommend discontinuing thienopyridines 5 to 7 days prior to surgery to minimize bleeding. To evaluate the use of cangrelor, an intravenous, reversible P2Y(12) platelet inhibitor for bridging thienopyridine-treated patients to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, involving 210 patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or treated with a coronary stent and receiving a thienopyridine awaiting CABG surgery to receive either cangrelor or placebo after an initial open-label, dose-finding phase (n = 11) conducted between January 2009 and April 2011. Interventions Thienopyridines were stopped and patients were administered cangrelor or placebo for at least 48 hours, which was discontinued 1 to 6 hours before CABG surgery. The primary efficacy end point was platelet reactivity (measured in P2Y(12) reaction units [PRUs]), assessed daily. The main safety end point was excessive CABG surgery-related bleeding. The dose of cangrelor determined in 10 patients in the open-label stage was 0.75 μg/kg per minute. In the randomized phase, a greater proportion of patients treated with cangrelor had low levels of platelet reactivity throughout the entire treatment period compared with placebo (primary end point, PRU <240; 98.8% (83 of 84) vs 19.0% (16 of 84); relative risk [RR], 5.2 [95% CI, 3.3-8.1] P < .001). Excessive CABG surgery-related bleeding occurred in 11.8% (12 of 102) vs 10.4% (10 of 96) in the cangrelor and placebo groups, respectively (RR, 1.1 [95% CI, 0.5-2.5] P = .763). There were no significant differences in major bleeding prior to CABG surgery, although minor bleeding episodes were numerically higher with cangrelor. Among patients who discontinue thienopyridine therapy prior to cardiac surgery, the use of cangrelor compared with placebo resulted in a higher rate of maintenance of platelet inhibition. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00767507.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 01/2012; 307(3):265-74. · 29.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although culprit lesions in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) cluster in the proximal coronary arteries, their relationship to bifurcations and curvatures, where blood flow is disturbed, is unknown. We hypothesized that (a) culprit lesions localize to disturbed flow distal to bifurcations and curvatures and (b) the distribution of culprit lesions in the left (LCA) and right coronary arteries (RCA) and resulting infarct size are related to the location of bifurcations and curvatures. Emory University's contribution to the National Cardiovascular Data Registry was queried for STEMIs. Using quantitative coronary angiography, the distances from the vessel ostium, major bifurcations, and major curvatures to the culprit lesion were measured in 385 patients. Culprit lesions were located within 20 mm of a bifurcation in 79% of patients and closer to the bifurcation in the LCA compared with the RCA (7.4 ± 7.3 vs 17.7 ± 14.8 mm, P < .0001). Of RCA culprit lesions, 45% were located within 20 mm of a major curvature. Compared with those in the RCA, culprit lesions in the LCA were located more proximally (24.4 ± 16.5 vs 44.7 ± 28.8 mm, P = .0003) and were associated with larger myocardial infarctions as assessed by peak creatine kinase-MB (208 ± 222 vs 140 ± 153 ng/dL, P = .001) and troponin I (59 ± 62 vs 40 ± 35 ng/dL, P = .0006) and with higher in-hospital mortality (5.2% vs 1.1%, P = .04). In patients with STEMI, culprit lesions are frequently located immediately distal to bifurcations and in proximity to major curvatures where disturbed flow is known to occur. This supports the role of wall shear stress in the pathogenesis of STEMI.
    American heart journal 03/2011; 161(3):508-15. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine. 01/2008; 9(3):200-200.
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    Steven V Manoukian, Michele D Voeltz, John Eikelboom
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    ABSTRACT: In clinical trials up to 30% of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) experience bleeding complications, and even higher rates have been reported in contemporary practice. A growing body of data suggests a strong correlation between bleeding and both short- and long-term adverse outcomes, including mortality, which is independent of baseline characteristics and remains evident in most trials, despite variations in the definition of major bleeding. Although the value of antithrombin and antiplatelet therapy in reducing the risk of ischemic events is well established, the mechanisms of action that confer the benefits of these therapies have an inherent tendency to increase the risk of bleeding complications. As a result, characterization of baseline hemorrhagic risk is critical and must be accomplished before selecting an antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for bleeding may be divided into two categories: nonmodifiable (including age, gender, race, weight, renal insufficiency, anemia, and acuity of presentation) and modifiable (including choice of antithrombotic therapy and PCI procedural characteristics). Of these predictive factors, the choice, dosage, and duration of the antithrombin and/or antiplatelet regimen are perhaps the most readily modifiable, especially in patients with an increased risk of bleeding. This review explores the nature of the association between bleeding and adverse outcomes, including mortality; evaluates risk factors for bleeding; and examines mechanisms for reducing bleeding complications through the selection of appropriate antithrombotic therapy.
    Clinical Cardiology 11/2007; 30(10 Suppl 2):II24-34. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have a significant risk of hemorrhagic complications. Predictors of major hemorrhage and its relation to mortality in PCI are not well defined. Baseline and periprocedural predictors of major hemorrhage and its impact on mortality in patients undergoing elective or urgent PCI randomly assigned to heparin plus planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI) versus bivalirudin plus provisional GPIs in the REPLACE-2 Trial were determined. Of 6,001 patients, 3.2% experienced a major hemorrhage. Independent baseline predictors of major hemorrhage included advanced age, female gender, impaired creatinine clearance, and anemia. Independent periprocedural predictors of major hemorrhage included treatment with heparin plus GPI, increased procedural duration, provisional use of GPI, increased time to sheath removal, length of intensive care unit stay, and use of an intra-aortic balloon pump (all p <0.05). Mortality rates were higher in patients with than without major hemorrhage at 30 days (5.1% vs 0.2%), 6 months (6.7% vs 1.0%), and 1 year (8.7% vs 1.9%; p <0.001 for all). Furthermore, major hemorrhage was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (odds ratio 2.66, 95% confidence interval 1.44 to 4.92, p = 0.002). In conclusion, in patients undergoing elective or urgent PCI, major hemorrhage was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality. A number of baseline and periprocedural factors independently predicted major hemorrhage, including treatment with heparin plus GPI.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 11/2007; 100(9):1364-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relation across anemia, hemorrhagic complications, and mortality associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unclear. We reviewed the Randomized Evaluation in PCI Linking Angiomax to Reduced Clinical Events (REPLACE)-2 Trial, which compared bivalirudin plus provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade with heparin plus planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade in patients undergoing urgent or elective PCI. Of the 6,010 patients randomized in REPLACE-2, 1,371 (23%) were anemic. Major bleeding was more common in anemic than in nonanemic patients (4.9% vs 2.8%, p = 0.0001). In anemic patients, treatment with bivalirudin (n = 678) resulted in a lower risk of major bleeding versus heparin plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade (n = 693, 3.5% vs 6.2%, p = 0.0221). Mortality was higher in anemic patients than in nonanemic patients at 30 days (0.9% vs 0.2%, p <0.0001), 6 months (2.6% vs 0.7%, p <0.0001), and 1 year (4.3% vs 1.5%, p <0.0001). There were no differences between anemic and nonanemic patients with regard to ischemic complications at 30 days. Although anemic patients had higher mortality rates, proportions of cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortalities were equal in anemic and nonanemic patients. In conclusion, anemic patients undergoing PCI have an increased risk of mortality and major bleeding, but not of ischemic events, and the use of bivalirudin with provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade decreases the risk of hemorrhagic complications compared with heparin plus planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 06/2007; 99(11):1513-7. · 3.21 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of invasive cardiology 04/2007; 19(3):1A-9A. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of major bleeding and the impact of major bleeding on outcomes, including mortality, in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Whether major bleeding independently predicts mortality in patients with ACS undergoing an early invasive strategy is undefined. Patients (n = 13,819) with moderate- and high-risk ACS were randomized to heparin (unfractionated or enoxaparin) plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition (GPI), bivalirudin plus GPI, or bivalirudin monotherapy (plus provisional GPI). Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of 30-day major bleeding and mortality. Major bleeding rates in patients treated with heparin plus GPI were higher versus bivalirudin monotherapy (5.7% vs. 3.0%, p < 0.001) and similar versus bivalirudin plus GPI (5.7% vs. 5.3%, p = 0.38). Independent predictors of major bleeding were advanced age, female gender, diabetes, hypertension, renal insufficiency, anemia, no prior percutaneous coronary intervention, cardiac biomarker elevation, ST-segment deviation >/=1 mm, and treatment with heparin plus GPI versus bivalirudin monotherapy. Patients with major bleeding had higher 30-day rates of mortality (7.3% vs. 1.2%, p < 0.0001), composite ischemia (23.1% vs. 6.8%, p < 0.0001), and stent thrombosis (3.4% vs. 0.6%, p < 0.0001) versus those without major bleeding. Major bleeding was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (odds ratio 7.55, 95% confidence interval 4.68 to 12.18, p < 0.0001). Major bleeding is a powerful independent predictor of 30-day mortality in patients with ACS managed invasively. Several factors independently predict major bleeding, including treatment with heparin plus GPI compared with bivalirudin monotherapy. Knowledge of these findings might be useful to reduce bleeding risk and improve outcomes in ACS.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2007; 49(12):1362-8. · 14.09 Impact Factor
  • Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine. 01/2007; 8(2):140-140.