ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies, yet there have been no significant advances in effective therapeutics. In this study, HS-113 was synthesized as a novel compound, N-(5-(2-bromobenzyl) thiazole-2-yl) benzofuran-2-carboxamide and its cytotoxic activity and anti-cancer effect were examined in human HCC cells. HS-113 strongly suppressed growth of HCC cells in a dose-dependent manner, induced apoptosis by increasing the proportion of sub-G1 apoptotic cells, and caused cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. Also, HS-113 increased the expression of p27 and decreased that of cyclin D1 associated with cell cycle arrest. Apoptosis by HS-113 was confirmed by DAPI and TUNEL staining, and the increases of the cleaved PARP and caspase-3 were observed. Furthermore, HS-113 decreased protein expression of HIF-1α and secretion of VEGF, and inhibited the tube formation of HUVECs. These results showed that HS-113 not only inhibited cell growth and angiogenesis, but also induced apoptosis of human HCC cells. We suggest that HS-113 may be a potential candidate for cancer therapy against HCC.
Cancer letters 04/2011; 306(2):190-6. · 4.86 Impact Factor