M. T. Navarro

Spanish National Research Council, Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (42)114.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mesopore-modified mordenite zeolitic materials with different Si/Al ratios have been prepared and tested in the biomass pyrolysis and catalytic cracking of vacuum gasoil. Alkaline treatment was carried out to generate mesoporosity. Severity of alkaline treatment was found to be of paramount importance to tune the generated mesoporosity, while it significantly affected the crystallinity of treated mordenites. It was moreover observed that the alkaline treatment selectively extracted Si decreasing the Si/Al ratio of treated samples. Catalytic activity of parent and alkaline treated mordenites was studied in the pyrolysis of biomass. All zeolitic based materials produced less amounts of bio-oil but of better quality (lowering the oxygen content from ∼40% to as much as 21%) as compared to the non-catalytic pyrolysis experi- ments. On the other hand, it was found that the combination of mesopore formation and high surface area after alkaline treatment of the mordenite with a high Si/Al ratio resulted in the enhancement of its catalytic activity, despite the reduction of its acidity. The increment of the decarboxylation and de- hydration reactions, combined with a reduction of carbon deposition on the catalyst, resulted in a remark- able decrease in the oxygen content in the organic fraction and therefore, resulted in a superior quality liquid product. Alkaline treated mordenites were additionally acid treated targeting dealumination and removal of the extra framework debris, thus generating mesopore-modified mordenite samples with stronger acid sites and higher total acidity, as candidate catalysts for catalytic cracking of vacuum gasoil. Desilicated and especially desilicated and dealuminated mordenites exhibited the highest activity and selectivity towards LCO with the best olefinicity in gases and higher bottoms conversion. Therefore, an optimized desilicated–dealuminated mordenite additive could be an interesting candidate as a com- ponent of the FCC catalyst for a high LCO yield.
    Green Chemistry 04/2013; · 6.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on UV–visible absorption and emission and ultrafast emission dynamics of 7-hydroxyquinoline (7HQ) encapsulated within titania-doped silicates (mesoporous and unstructured) and purely TiO2 nanomaterials. When titania is incorporated as larger (50 Å) nanoparticles (TiO2-MCM41), the stationary spectra and fluorescence decay times are very similar to those of the regular MCM-41 sample (R-MCM41). In turn, the presence of titania domains in MCM-41(Ti-MCM41) leads to a large increase of the ground state population of anionic (A) and zwitterionic (Z) forms of the adsorbed dye. This is explained in terms of the cooperative effect of Ti–OH groups and the MCM-41 framework interacting with the confined structures. The emission spectra in Ti-MCM41 show a partial fluorescence quenching, whereas a complete quenching occurs when the dye is interacting with pure TiO2 materials (mesoporous TiMeso and nonporous P25). A femtosecond emission study revealed a very short lifetime (10–14 ps) of the Z form. This strong emission quenching is assigned to an electron transfer process from the excited dye to the conduction band of TiO2 material. For 7HQ caged within TiMeso pores, this process occurs in 0.1–0.4 and 0.8–1.2 ps for A and Z forms, respectively. However, for 7HQ/Ti-MCM41, the emission decays become longer (0.3–5 ps). This result is due to the presence of mixed dynamics gated from 7HQ molecules located close to and far from TiO2 domains, reflecting the heterogeneity of the sample and the competition between proton- and electron-transfer processes. Our results suggest negligible contribution of a direct titania excitation in the observed dynamics of the used materials.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 07/2012; 116(29):15385–15395.
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    ABSTRACT: Support plays an important role in the preparation of highly active and selective bioethanol steam reforming catalysts since it helps in the dispersion of metal particles and enhances its activity via metal-support interactions. The singular structure of zeolites makes these materials attractive to be used as supports for dispersing active metal phases. We have explored the activity, selectivity, and stability of Ni metal particles supported over a modified commercial Mordenite in the steam reforming of bioethanol. Commercial Mordenite has been previously modified in order to generate mesoporosity and produce good positions for the stabilisation of Ni metallic particles. The presence of mesoporosity has allowed preparing highly active catalysts for the steam reforming of bioethanol. The addition of alkaline metals (Na) has been also studied and it has been found that Na presence improves significantly the selectivity to hydrogen while decreases the coke deposition. A complete characterization of Ni-based modified Mordenite catalyst has been carried out (DRX, BET area, TPR and TEM) and interesting relationships between its catalytic performance and physico-chemical properties have been found.
    Fuel and Energy Abstracts 04/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: A triphenylamine dye (TPC1) encapsulated in titanium-doped mesoporous silica structures as alternative materials for dye-sensitized solar cells has been studied by means of stationary absorption and emission as well as ultrafast emission spectroscopy. For the samples prepared by a grafting method, a TPC1 complex with titanium atoms within the mesoporous silica in dichloromethane (DCM) solution is formed, having a red shift of the visible absorption band by about 1300 cm−1 with respect to that of the TPC1 in DCM (from 455 to 485 nm). For the complexes, multi- exponential emission quenching of the relaxed singlet excited state occurs with time constants from 300 fs to 30 ps and is assigned to the confined electron injection process into the Ti–O chromophore. The averaged electron injection rate from the higher energy levels gets smaller values for less energetic probing, from 2.7 × 1012 s–1 at 600 nm to 1.5 × 1012 s–1 at 700 nm. However, in the titanium-doped samples prepared by an impregnation method, we observed about 2–3 times slower injection. The difference is explained by different coupling between TPC1 and titania domains. As a reference to the confining effect on the dynamics, we also studied the behavior of TPC1 when interacting with amorphous silica and purely siliceous MCM-41 material in the same solvent. In amorphous silica, an equilibrium between neutral and anion structures of TPC1 is found to be shifted toward the anion form. For the MCM-41 material, the presence of a new absorption band at around 690 nm is revealed, assigned to the spontaneously created and remarkable stable TPC1 radical cation. The lifetimes of the normal and anion forms in both materials were found to be similar to those in solution. The femtosecond relaxation dynamics in these materials is also similar to that in solution (dominated by the solvation), but additional emission quenching in the TPC1/MCM-41 sample is observed, probably due to intermolecular energy transfer. The rate of energy transfer was estimated to decrease gradually when increasing the observation wavelength, from 1.11 × 1012 s–1 at 500 nm to 0.13 × 1012 s–1 at 700 nm. We believe that our results interrogating ultrafast dynamics of an efficient dye interacting with titania within the mesoporous materials will help in a better understanding and improvement of dye-sensitized solar cells.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 04/2011; 115(17).
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    ABSTRACT: Metal catalysts based on Pt and Pd nano-particles supported on structured microporous Beta zeolites and mesoporous MCM-41 materials, as well as specially designed γ-Al2O3 samples, were synthesized following a simple and economic procedure. Physico-chemical characterization of metal-composites (by XRD, IR spectroscopy, TEM, N2 adsorption, ICP, among others) indicated that both Pt and Pd nano-particles were adequately supported and homogeneously dispersed on supports. These metal/solid acid composites were applied as efficient catalysts under mild reaction conditions in the selective reductive amination of ketones, a useful industrial reaction for the synthesis of substituted amines and N-heterocycles. Results obtained showed that Pt/Al-Beta catalyst possesses the best catalytic activity (TON=1610, with amine selectivities >95%) superior to that observed with commercial Pt/C and Pt/Al2O3 (TON≈1000). Enhancements in Pt/Al-Beta samples were achieved by optimizing the Pt loading, and mainly the Si/Al molar ratio in solids. On the contrary, inferior catalytic activities were encountered with the Pt/Si-MCM-41 and Pt/Al-MCM-41 materials. The Pd incorporation on MCM-41 materials produced more active catalysts than the commercial Pd/C and Pd/Al2O3 samples. Finally, the study of Pt/ and Pd/γ-Al2O3 materials demonstrated that the treatments of support prior to the metal impregnation and the posterior calcinations processes were essentials to obtain efficient catalysts.
    Catalysis Today - CATAL TODAY. 01/2011; 172(1):13-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Organic structure-directing agents (OSDAs) are used to guide the formation of particular types of pores and channels during the synthesis of zeolites. We report that the use of highly versatile OSDAs based on phosphazenes has been successfully introduced for the synthesis of zeolites. This approach has made possible the synthesis of the elusive boggsite zeolite, which is formed by 10- and 12-ring intersecting channels. This topology and these pore dimensions present interesting opportunities for catalysis in reactions of industrial relevance.
    Science 11/2010; 330(6008):1219-22. · 31.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on steady-state and time (ns to fs regime) resolved studies of H-bonding interactions and proton-transfer reaction dynamics of silica-based mesoporous material MCM-41 with an H-bond donor and acceptor guest aromatic molecule (7-hydroxyquinoline, 7HQ). We observed the ground state reaction which leads to the formation of intermediates and products of the confined molecular probe. We compare this behavior with the observed one for the dye adsorbed on the surface of silica particles, lacking the nanotubes. The result clearly shows that the formation of keto (or zwitterionic) tautomers at the ground state is enhanced by the confinement provided by the channels of MCM-41. Introduction of hydrophobic groups (by silylation of the OH groups in regular MCM-41 host) changes the ground state tautomeric equilibria and the emission behavior. A new lifetime (3.19 ns, suggested being due to a more stabilized anion of the guest) was observed in addition to the ones due to confined bound enol (0.26 ns), anion (1.5 ns), and zwitterionic (5.5 ns) structures. Both steady-state and ps-data show the importance of solvation of 7HQ structures inside MCM-41, when compared with the solid-state result. We investigated the intermolecular proton-transfer reaction dynamics in the confined structures using femtosecond-resolved emission spectroscopy, and we got the reaction times needed to produce the anion intermediates (0.3 ps) and zwitterion products (3 ps) upon electronic excitation of bound enol forms of the guest, in addition to the cooling times of the final zwitterionic form. We believe that our results might be useful for designing new nanophotonics sensors based on mesoporous materials, and open the window for further studies to better understand the chemical reactivity of silica-based nanohosts, at a short time scale.
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C - J PHYS CHEM C. 03/2010; 114(14).
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to its large molecular size, alkylation of 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol with cinnamyl alcohol does not take plAcc using HY zeolite (pore opening 7.4 Å) as catalyst even after controlled steaming treatment to increase its mesoporosity; by contrast, novel mesoporous aluminosilicate MCM-41 catalyses this reaction giving rise to 6,8-di-tert-butyl-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro[4H]benzopyran (arising from intramolecular cyclization of the primary cinnamylphenol) together with 4-tert-butylphenol and small amounts of 6-tert-butyl-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro[4H]benzopyran.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 26(41).
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 30(3).
  • Avelino Corma, Maria Teresa Navarro, Laszlo Nemeth, Michael Renz
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 33(10).
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    ABSTRACT: The Lewis acid properties of a series of isolated and well-defined Sn centers in different micro- and mesoporous materials have been investigated by means of DFT calculations and IR spectroscopy of probe molecules, and the results have been related to the experimentally measured catalytic activity of these materials for different reactions. Different types of Sn centers have been detected and modelled: inactive fully coordinated Sn atoms in framework positions that weakly interact with Lewis bases, and highly active strong Lewis acid sites associated with Sn centers with one or two hydrolyzed Sn-O-Si bridges. The relative amount of strong and weak sites depends on the zeolite structure, and can be modified by the catalyst pre-treatment conditions. On the other hand, it has been established that Sn-containing mesoporous materials obtained either by direct synthesis or by post-synthesis incorporation of Sn, show a similar distribution of centers. Finally, the influence of solvent and free space available around the active site on the diastereoselectivity of the cyclization of citronellal to isopulegol were investigated, and some hints were obtained on how to improve the catalyst performance.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2009; 11(16):2876-84. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A photoactive, hexagonally structured mesoporous material (Tyl-MCM41) is produced through co-hydrolysis of SiO(2) and a trialkoxysilane-functionalized trityl cation as photoactive species. The formation of the corresponding triphenylmethanol precursor in the material is confirmed by spectroscopic techniques. The hybrid material has an ordered structure with a narrow pore size distribution typical of ordered mesoporous MCM-41-type materials. The triarylcarbinol molecules incorporated into this hybrid structure (Triphol-MCM41) generate trityl cations under acidic conditions, which are photoactive and able to promote the photosensitized dimerization of 1,3-cyclohexadiene in a heterogeneous solid-liquid system. The material is stable and can be recycled without loss of the photochemical activity.
    ChemPhysChem 03/2009; 10(7):1084-9. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2009; 40(17).
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    ABSTRACT: Gold(III) complexes heterogenized on the surface of a Sn-containing MCM-41 are efficient recyclable catalysts for hydroamination reactions, without requiring any acid promoters.
    Chemical Communications 01/2009; · 6.38 Impact Factor
  • Pablo Botella, Avelino Corma, María Teresa Navarro, Manuel Quesada
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    ABSTRACT: Monodispersed, nanosized gold-mesoporous silica nanospheres in the size range 80–280 nm with specific optical properties are prepared in two steps: i) controlled aggregation of gold nanoparticles (GNP) in nanoclusters embedded in a uniform coating of amorphous silica, and ii) development of a porous regular and ordered silica shell by pseudomorphic transformation of the external layer. By careful manipulation of the synthesis variables, i.e., the concentration of co-solvent, surfactant and alkali, it is possible to obtain nanoparticles with controlled morphological and textural characteristics and desired optical behaviour. An optimized sample with most of the nanoparticles containing a multinucleus core made of 10 or more GNP shows a strong absorption cross-section in the near-infrared (NIR) region and a significant photothermal effect when irradiated with a λ = 808 nm laser diode module.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 01/2009; 19(20). · 5.97 Impact Factor
  • Pablo Botella, Avelino Corma, María Teresa Navarro
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    ABSTRACT: Monodispersed, uniform, gold encapsulated−mesoporous silica nanocomposites of 100−350 nm diameter with a centered metal core at about 15 or 30 nm and high gold occupancy are prepared by pseudomorphic transformation of preformed gold−silica nanospheres. The characterization by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, 29Si and 13C magic angle spinning NMR, and N2 adsorption isotherms indicates that these materials present the same morphology and particle size distribution of the parent amorphous silica but with an ordered mesoporous shell of complex wormhole-like pore structure and specific surface area of about 1000 m2 g-1. This method is particularly advantageous for both stabilizing gold nanoparticles and tailoring structural and textural parameters of the outer shell, thus, offering an exceptional support for particle functionalization.
    Chemistry of Materials. 01/2007; 19(8):1979-1983.
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    ABSTRACT: Times Cited: 17
    Catalysis Today 01/2006; 117:228-233. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laser flash photolysis of germanium-containing ITQ-17 zeolite (Ge/ITQ-17, a single polymorph of beta zeolite) at 266 nm generates a transient spectrum decaying in the sub-millisecond time scale that is compatible with the formation of two transient species. The shorter lived transient (tau approximately 45 micros under nitrogen) has been assigned to trapped electrons due to the characteristic spectroscopic absorption (single band at 480 nm) and its quenching by typical electron scavengers such as N(2)O and CH(2)Cl(2). The second longer lived transient (lambda(max) = 500, 540, and 600 nm; tau approximately 390 micros) is not quenched by O(2) or electron scavengers, but it is quenched by methanol as hole scavenger and has been assigned to positive holes. Also there is a remarkable similarity of the transient spectrum of the Ge/ITQ-17 with the optical spectrum reported previously for electron-hole pairs in ZSM-5 zeolite. Under the same irradiation conditions, photoejection of electrons and photogeneration of positive holes has not been observed for conventional aluminosilicate zeolites, all-silica zeolites, or GeO(2)-impregnated zeolites. Therefore this photochemical behavior has been ascribed to the presence of framework germanium atoms opening the way for photoresponsive zeolites. The ability of Ge/ITQ-17 to generate photochemically electrons and holes has been confirmed by adsorbing naphthalene and propyl viologen sulfonate as electron donor and acceptor, respectively, and observing the generation of the corresponding radical ions.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 04/2005; 109(8):3696-700. · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • Raul Garro, María T. Navarro, Jaime Primo, Avelino Corma
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    ABSTRACT: The activity of the titanium mesoporous molecular sieve Ti-MCM-41 and amorphous Ti-silicate materials for carbon–carbon bond formation in the Mukaiyama aldol-type reaction between benzaldehyde and methyl trimethylsilyl dimethylketene acetal was studied and the reaction network established. Only tetrahedral TiIV is catalytically active, where TiVI and highly dispersed TiO2 are not active or only slightly active for the Mukaiyama reaction and have no effect on selectivity. Whereas in Ti-zeolites only a some of the active sites are accessible to reactants, all of them are accessible in Ti-MCM-41. The structured Ti-MCM-41 offers a clear catalytic advantage over amorphous Ti-silicalites. Water has a negative effect on catalytic activity and selectivity, and catalyst preactivation and hydrophobicity play an important role in the final catalytic behavior. The influence of different solvents on conversion was explored.
    Journal of Catalysis. 01/2005;
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    ABSTRACT: The application of different techniques (diffuse reflectance-UV–vis, 51V NMR, FT-IR of adsorbed pyridine and TPR-H2) in the characterization of vanadia supported on mesoporous Al2O3 catalysts shows that the nature of the vanadium species depends on the V-loading. At V-content lower than 15wt.% of V-atoms (30% of the theoretical monolayer), vanadium is mainly in a tetrahedral environment. Higher V-contents in the catalyst leads to the formation of octahedral V5+ species and V2O5-like species. Both XRD and textural results indicate that the mesoporous structure of the support is mostly maintained after the vanadium incorporation, and therefore high surface areas were obtained on the final catalysts. Al2O3-suppported vanadia catalysts are active and selective in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane, although the catalytic behavior depends on the V-loading. High rates of formation of ethylene per unit mass of catalyst per unit time have also been observed as a consequence of the high dispersion of V-atoms on the surface of the support.
    Catalysis Today - CATAL TODAY. 01/2004; 96(4):179-186.

Publication Stats

250 Citations
114.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2011
    • Spanish National Research Council
      Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain
    • Center for Strategic and International Studies
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2002–2010
    • University of Valencia
      Valenza, Valencia, Spain
  • 2005
    • Polytechnical University of Valencia
      • Institute of Chemical Technology (ITQ)
      Valencia, Valencia, Spain