Martine Baudin

Transgene, Illkirch, Alsace, France

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Publications (2)21.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has limited efficacy, adverse effects, and high costs. Cohort and vaccine-based preclinical studies have indicated the importance of T-cell-based immunity in controlling viral infection. TG4040 is a recombinant poxvirus vaccine that expresses the hepatitis C virus (HCV) proteins NS3, NS4, and NS5B. We performed a phase I clinical trial to assess the safety, immunogenicity, and early antiviral efficacy of TG4040 in patients with CHC. In an open-label, dose-escalating study, patients with mild CHC (genotype 1) were assigned to 3 groups of 3 patients each; they received subcutaneous injections of 10⁶, 10⁷, or 10⁸ plaque-forming units of TG4040 on study days 1, 8, and 15. Six additional patients were given the highest dose of vaccine (10⁸ plaque-forming units). Patients were followed for 6 months after the last injection. T-cell-based and antibody responses and levels of HCV RNA were measured. All 3 doses of TG4040 were well tolerated, without serious adverse events. Vaccine-induced HCV-specific cellular immune responses were observed in 5 of the 15 patients (33%). A transient decrease in circulating levels of HCV RNA, from -0.52 log₁₀ to -1.24 log₁₀, was observed in 8 patients; in 5 patients, the lowest level of HCV RNA was observed on day 37, after the first injection. The most pronounced decrease in viral load occurred in 2 patients, who also had marked vaccine-induced T-cell responses. In patients with CHC, the viral-vector-based vaccine TG4040 had a good safety profile, induced HCV-specific cellular immune responses, and reduced viral load. This vaccine should be investigated in further clinical studies, in combination with standard of care.
    Gastroenterology 06/2011; 141(3):890-899.e1-4. DOI:10.1053/j.gastro.2011.06.009 · 16.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TG4001 in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16-related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2/3 at 6 and 12 months. In all, 21 patients with HPV 16-related CIN 2/3 received 3 weekly subcutaneous injections of TG4001. Regression of the CIN 2/3 lesion and the clearance of HPV 16 infection were monitored by cytology, colposcopy, and HPV DNA/messenger RNA (mRNA) detection. A clinical response was defined by no CIN 2/3 found on conization, or no conization performed because not suspected at cytology or colposcopy. Ten patients (48%) were evaluated as clinical responders at month 6. Nine patients experienced an improvement of their HPV 16 infection, by mRNA ± DNA eradication. HPV 16 mRNA clearance was associated with CIN 2/3 cytologic and colposcopic regression in 7 of 10 patients. At month 12, 7 of 8 patients without conization reported neither suspicion of CIN 2/3 relapse nor HPV 16 infection. The remaining patient was lost to follow-up. These promising data warrant further development of TG4001 in CIN 2/3 treatment.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 02/2011; 204(2):169.e1-8. DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.09.020 · 4.70 Impact Factor