Marick Laé

Institut Curie, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (37)210.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of primary sinonasal adult sarcoma, identify histological subtypes, and analyze prognostic factors.Study DesignRetrospective review.Method Forty-eight adult sinonasal sarcomas included in the French Sarcoma Group database (Conticabase) were reviewed.ResultsThe most frequent tumor types were alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (33.3%), embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (14,6%), unclassified sarcoma (14.6%), and leiomyosarcoma (12.5%). All round cell tumors were rhabdomyosarcomas. The 5-year overall survival (OS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) rates were 62.3%, 73%, and 88.8%, respectively. Histotype was a prognostic factor for OS, MFS, and LRFS, with the worst prognosis associated with rhabdomyosarcomas, regardless of the subtype. The tumor grade influenced the OS and MFS. Surgery was a predictive factor for a complete response.Conclusions These results suggest that sinonasal tract should be considered as an unfavorable site for rhabdomyosarcoma. Moreover, surgery should always be considered in treatment.Level of EvidenceN/A. Laryngoscope, 2014
    The Laryngoscope 09/2014; · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND In the medical literature many analyses of outcomes of sarcoma patients were performed without regard to the problem of “competing risks.”METHODS We analyzed local relapse–free and metastasis-free survival in a population of 3255 adult patients with a primary soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) included in the French Sarcoma Group database. Cumulative incidence of local and metastatic relapse was estimated by accounting for death as a competing event.RESULTSOn multivariate analysis, age, tumor site, histological subtype, and grade were independent adverse prognostic factors for local relapse, whereas tumor depth and size had no influence. Histological subtype, tumor depth, tumor size, and grade were independent adverse prognostic factors for metastatic relapse. Despite a higher incidence of competing deaths in patients managed with adjuvant radiotherapy than in patients not receiving radiotherapy, adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with a significant benefit in terms of local relapse–free survival. Despite a similar cumulative incidence of competing deaths in patients with grade 2 and grade 3 disease, we found that the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy was present only in patients with grade 3 and not in patients with grade 2 disease.CONCLUSIONS In the setting of competing risks, tumor biology reflected by histological grade is a crucial predictor of local relapse, whereas tumor depth and size have poor if any influence. Grade could also predict the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with STS. Cancer 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 07/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To the authors' knowledge, the incidence of late recurrence (> 5 years after initial management) is unknown and no prognostic factors for late events have been characterized in patients with soft tissue sarcomas.
    Cancer 06/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare round cell sarcoma entity characterized by a specific t(11;22)(p13;q12) translocation, usually intra-abdominal localization and an aggressive clinical outcome. To date, only 35 DSRCT cases diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration have been described.METHODS This study reports the cytological diagnosis of DSRCT. Ten tumors from 8 patients were sampled for diagnosis and analyzed to search the characteristic translocation using fluorescence in situ hybridization or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction methods.RESULTSSmears were always hypercellular and consisted of nonspecific round cell sarcoma. Nuclei were polymorphic round, kidney-, or heart-shaped. Nuclear molding was usually present. Paranuclear cytoplasmic densities were obvious and noted in 7 cases. Cytonuclear atypia, mitotic figures, numerous crushed nuclei, and apoptosis were frequently seen. Purple-stained stroma was present in 8 cases (ranging from few connective tissue fragments to large hyalinized deposits). Molecular studies based on cytological aspirates were performed in 8 patients. The presence of the fusion gene EWSR1-WT 1 transcript was identified in all, which confirmed the diagnosis of DSRCT.CONCLUSIONS Smears showing poorly differentiated round cells associated with cytoplasmic densities and connective stoma, in a specific clinical context, young adult age, intra-abdominal localization, suggestive immunocytochemical profile, and a unique cytogenetic abnormality are highly specific and allow an accurate diagnosis of DSRCT. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer Cytopathology 03/2014; · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a soft tissue sarcoma categorized into two major subtypes: alveolar RMS (ARMS) and embryonal RMS (ERMS). Most ARMS express the PAX3-FOXO1 (P3F) fusion oncoprotein generated by the 2;13 chromosomal translocation. In the present study, the downstream target genes of P3F were identified by analyzing two independent sets of gene expression profiles: primary RMS tumors and RD ERMS cells transduced with inducible P3F constructs. We found 34 potential target genes (27 upregulated and 7 downregulated) that were significantly and differentially expressed between P3F-positive and P3F-negative categories, both in primary RMS tumors and in the inducible P3F cell culture system. Gene ontology analysis of microarray data of the inducible P3F cell culture system employed indicated apoptosis, cell death, development, and signal transduction as overrepresented significant functional categories found in both upregulated and downregulated genes. Therefore, among the 34 potential target genes, the expression of cell death‑related [Gremlin1, cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1 (GREM1) and death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1)] and development‑related [myogenic differentiation 1 (MYOD1) and hairy/enhancer-of-split related with YRPW motif 1 (HEY1)] genes were further investigated. The differential expression of GREM1, DAPK1, MYOD1 and HEY1 was confirmed in independent tumors and inducible cell culture systems. The expression of GREM1, DAPK1 and MYOD1 were significantly upregulated; HEY1 was significantly downregulated in independent P3F-positive ARMS tumors and transcriptionally active P3F cells, compared to those in ERMS tumors and transcriptionally inactive P3F cells. This study identified target genes of P3F and suggested that four downstream targets (GREM1, DAPK1, MYOD1 and HEY1) can contribute to the biological activities of P3F involved in growth suppression or cell death and myogenic differentiation.
    Oncology Reports 06/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Data regarding the prognostic factors of soft-tissue leiomyosarcomas (LMS) and their correlation with molecular profile are limited. Study design: From 1990 to 2010, 586 adult patients with a primary soft-tissue LMS were included in the French Sarcoma Group (GSF) database after surgery of the primary tumor. Multivariate analyses were carried out by Cox's regression model in a backward stepwise procedure. Genetic profiling was performed for 73 cases. RESULTS: Median age was 59 years (range 21-98). The median follow-up of patients alive was 46 months. The 5-year metastasis-free survival (MFS) rate was 51% (95% location, and grade > 1 were independent adverse prognostic factors for MFS. The 5-year overall survival rate was 63% (95% CI 59-67). On multivariate analysis, age ≥ 60 years old, tumor size > 5 cm, deep location, and grade > 1 were independent adverse prognostic factors for OS. Molecular profiling identified specific clusters with activation of different biological pathways: retroperitoneal LMS are characterized by overexpression of genes involved in muscle differentiation and non-retroperitoneal LMS characterized by overexpression of genes mainly involved in extracellular matrix, wounding and adhesion pathways. The CINSARC signature but not CGH profiling was predictive of outcome. CONCLUSION: Soft-tissue LMS represent a heterogeneous group of tumors with at least two categories retroperitoneal and extremities LMS having specific clinical outcome and molecular features. Future clinical trials should consider this heterogeneity for a better stratification of patients.
    Clinical Cancer Research 01/2013; · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oncogenic rearrangements of the TFE3 transcription factor gene are found in two distinct human cancers. These include ASPSCR1-TFE3 in all cases of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) and ASPSCR1-TFE3, PRCC-TFE3, SFPQ-TFE3, and others in a subset of pediatric and adult RCCs. Here, we examined the functional properties of the ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion oncoprotein, defined its target promoters on a genome-wide basis, and performed a high throughput RNA interference screen to identify which of its transcriptional targets contribute to cancer cell proliferation. We first confirmed that ASPSCR1-TFE3 has a predominantly nuclear localization and functions as a stronger transactivator than native TFE3. Genome-wide location analysis performed on the FU-UR-1 cell line which expresses endogenous ASPSCR1-TFE3 identified 2193 genes bound by ASPSCR1-TFE3. Integration of these data with expression profiles of ASPS tumor samples and inducible cell lines expressing ASPSCR1-TFE3 defined a subset of 332 genes as putative upregulated direct targets of ASPSCR1-TFE3, including MET (a previously known target gene), and 64 genes as down-regulated targets of ASPSCR1-TFE3. As validation of this approach to identify genuine ASPSCR1-TFE3 target genes, two up-regulated genes bound by ASPSCR1-TFE3, CYP17A1 and UPP1, were shown by multiple lines of evidence to be direct, endogenous targets of transactivation by ASPSCR1-TFE3. As the results indicated that ASPSCR1-TFE3 functions predominantly as a strong transcriptional activator, we hypothesized that a subset of its upregulated direct targets mediate its oncogenic properties. We therefore chose 130 of these upregulated direct target genes to study in high-throughput RNAi screens using FU-UR-1 cells. In addition to MET, we provide evidence that 11 other ASPSCR1-TFE3 target genes contribute to the growth of ASPSCR1-TFE3-positive cells. Our data suggest new therapeutic possibilities for cancers driven by TFE3 fusions. More generally, this work establishes a combined integrated genomics / functional genomics strategy to dissect the biology of oncogenic, chimeric transcription factors. Copyright © 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    The Journal of Pathology 01/2013; · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas represent less than 2% of all adult soft tissue sarcomas. Prognostic factors and the role of (neo-) adjuvant treatments in the management of localised angiosarcomas require further investigation. METHODS: We have conducted a retrospective multicenter study (June 1980 to October 2009) of 107 patients with localised angiosarcomas. All of the cases were centrally reviewed by a certified pathologist. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify independent poor prognostic factors (PF). Overall survival (OS) and Local Recurrence-Free Survival (LRFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The effect of treatments was explored using the Cox model after adjusting for the PF. RESULTS: The median age was 71years. 22.4% and 62.6% developed an angiosarcoma in pre-existing lymphoedema and within irradiated tissue respectively. The median OS, LRFS and Disease Recurrence-Free Survival (DRFS) were 38.8, 27 and 36.1months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the following parameters influenced the OS: lymphoedema (Hazard ratio (HR)=2.0) and size >5cm (HR=1.5). After adjustment to these PF, R0 margins was the only treatment parameter that improving the OS (HR=0.2). In the multivariate analysis, the LRFS was influenced by an age >70 (HR=1.8) and pre-existing lymphoedema (HR=2.0). After adjustment for these PF, R0 margins (HR=0.5) and adjuvant radiotherapy (HR=0.3) improved the LRFS. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the following points: (i) pre-existing lymphoedema, tumour size and age >70 are probably the major prognostic factors in patients with localised angiosarcomas; (ii) the achievement of R0 margins is probably of major importance for improving the patient outcome and (iii) adjuvant radiotherapy probably decreased the risk of local recurrence.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 09/2012; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Akt activation by the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) has been posited to be a mechanism of intrinsic resistance to mTORC1 inhibitors (rapalogues) for sarcomas. Here we show that rapamycin-induced phosphorylation of Akt can occur in an IGF-1R-independent manner. Analysis of synovial sarcoma cell lines showed that either IGF-1R or the PDGF receptor alpha (PDGFRA) can mediate intrinsic resistance to rapamycin. Repressing expression of PDGFRA or inhibiting its kinase activity in synovial sarcoma cells blocked rapamycin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and decreased tumor cell viability. Expression profiling of clinical tumor samples revealed that PDGFRA was the most highly expressed kinase gene among several sarcoma disease subtypes, suggesting that PDGFRA may be uniquely significant for synovial sarcomas. Tumor biopsy analyses from a synovial sarcoma patient treated with the mTORC1 inhibitor everolimus and PDGFRA inhibitor imatinib mesylate confirmed that this drug combination can impact both mTORC1 and Akt signals in vivo. Together, our findings define mechanistic variations in the intrinsic resistance of synovial sarcomas to rapamycin and suggest therapeutic strategies to address them.
    Cancer Research 07/2012; 72(17):4515-25. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiation-induced breast angiosarcomas are rare but recognized complication of breast cancer radiotherapy and are of poor prognosis. Little is known about the genetic abnormalities present in these secondary tumors. Herein, we investigated the differences in the genome and in the transcriptome that discriminate these tumors as a function of their etiology. Seven primary breast angiosarcomas and 18 secondary breast angiosarcomas arising in the irradiation field of a radiotherapy were analyzed. Copy number alterations and gene expression were analyzed using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 Array and Affymetrix Exon Arrays, respectively. We showed that two transcriptome signatures of the radiation tumorigenesis coexisted in these tumors. One was histology specific and correctly discriminated 100% of the primary tumors from the radiation-induced tumors. The deregulation of marker genes, including podoplanin (PDPN), prospero homeobox 1 (PROX-1), vascular endothelial growth factor 3 (VEGFR3) and endothelin receptor A (EDNRA), suggests that the radiation-induced breast angiosarcomas developed from radiation-stimulated lymphatic endothelial cells. None of the genes of the histology-specific signature were present in our previously published signature of the radiation tumorigenesis which shows the presence of a chronic oxidative stress in radiation-induced sarcomas of various histologies. Nevertheless, this oxidative stress signature classified correctly 88% of the breast angiosarcomas as a function of the etiology. In contrast, MYC amplification, which is observed in all radiation-induced tumors but also at a low rate in primary tumors, was not a marker of the radiation tumorigenesis.
    Carcinogenesis 04/2012; 33(7):1399-405. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Digestive metastasis of breast cancer are rare but when they do occur the stomach is one of the commoner sites. To describe the clinical, endoscopic, pathological features and treatment. 35 cases of gastric metastasis were identified retrospectively between 1980 and 2008. The location of the gastric metastasis was fundus (n=15, 43%), antrum (n=15, 43%) or both (n=5, 14%). The histological subtype of primary breast cancer was invasive lobular carcinoma in 34 patients (97%). Hormonal receptors were positive in 19 out of 24 cases (79%), two out of 22 analysed were HER2 positive (9%). There were 16 (46%) patients with peritoneal carcinosis. The treatment was chemotherapy (n=13, 37%), hormonotherapy (n=2, 6%) or both (n=13, 37%). The 2-year survival rate after gastric metastasis diagnosis was 53% with a median follow up of 31 months [7-84 months]. Ninety-seven percent of gastric metastasis from breast cancers are derived from invasive lobular carcinoma. Seventy-nine percent of these are HER+ and comparison with the original histopathological slides of primary breast carcinoma should be performed to differentiate gastric metastasis from primary gastric carcinoma. Peritoneal carcinomatosis accompanied gastric metastasis in almost half the cases in this series and treatment was generally chemotherapy.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 05/2011; 43(10):823-7. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phyllodes tumors are a rare distinctive fibroepithelial tumors of the breast and their management continues to be questioned. The aim of our study was to examine the treatment and outcome of 165 patients with phyllodes tumors and to review the options for surgical management. This is a retrospective study of 165 patients who presented to the Institut Curie between January 1994 and November 2008 for benign, borderline or malignant phyllodes tumors. The median follow-up was 12.65 months [range 0-149.8]. The median age at diagnosis was 44 years [range 17-79]. One hundred and sixty patients (97%) had breast-conserving treatment, of whom 3 patients (1.8%) had oncoplastic breast surgery. Younger women had a significantly higher chance of having a benign phyllodes tumor (p = 0.0001) or a tumor of small size (p < 0.0001). Histologic examination showed 114 benign (69%), 37 borderline (22%) and 14 malignant tumors (9%). The median tumor size was 30 mm [range 5-150]. The tumor margins were considered incomplete (< 10 mm) in 46 out of 165 cases (28%) with 52% revision surgery. Only the tumor grade was a significant risk factor for incomplete tumor margins (p = 0.005). Fifteen patients developed local recurrence (10%) and two, metastases. In univariate analysis, the histologic grade (p = 0.008), and tumor size (p = 0.02) were significative risk factors for local recurrence with an accentuated risk for "borderline" tumors and tumors of large size.).Similar results were obtained using multivariate analysis (p = 0.07). The mainstay of treatment for phyllodes tumors remains excision with a safe surgical margin, taking advantage breast conserving surgery where amenable. For borderline or malignant phyllodes tumors or in cases of local tumor recurrence, mastectomy, and immediate breast reconstruction may become the preferred option. Genetic analysis will potentially supplement classical histologic examination in order to improve our management of these tumors. The role of adjuvant treatments is unproven and must be considered on a case-by-case basis.
    The Breast Journal 01/2011; 17(2):129-37. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor-factor VIII (MFGE8), also called lactadherin or SED1, is a secreted integrin-binding protein that promotes elimination of apoptotic cells by phagocytes leading to tolerogenic immune responses, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis: two important processes for cancer development. Here, by transcriptomic analysis of 228 biopsies of bladder carcinomas, we observed overexpression of MFGE8 during tumor development, correlated with expression of genes involved in cell adhesion or migration and in immune responses, but not in VEGF-mediated angiogenesis. To test whether MFGE8 expression was instrumental in bladder tumor development, or a simple consequence of this development, we used genetic ablation in a mouse model of carcinogen-induced bladder carcinoma. We showed that Mfge8 was also upregulated in mouse carcinoma, and that in its absence, Mfge8-deficient animals developed less advanced tumors. Angiogenesis was similar in carcinogen-treated Mfge8-expressing or -deficient bladders, thus ruling out a major role of the proangiogenic function of Mfge8 for its protumoral role. By contrast, the tumor-promoting role of Mfge8 was not observed anymore in mice devoid of adaptive immune system, and human tumors overexpressing MFGE8 where invaded with macrophages and regulatory T cells, thus suggesting that MFGE8/lactadherin favors development of bladder tumors at least partly by an immune system-dependent mechanism. Our observations suggest future use of MFGE8-inhibiting molecules as therapies of bladder carcinomas, and of a limited number of other human cancers, in which our analysis of public databases also revealed overexpression of MFGE8.
    Oncogene 10/2010; 30(6):642-53. · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: KRAS somatic mutations are the main predictive factor for non response to EGFR-targeted monoclonal antibodies in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. We compared KRAS mutational status in the primary tumour and the corresponding metastases (1 to 4 sites) in 38 mCRC patients. KRAS mutational status was analysed using direct sequencing, SNAPShot multiplex PCR and Scorpion Taqman PCR analysis. Results showed 54% of primary tumours had KRAS mutations. A concordance of 97% between primaries and metastatic sites was observed. A tumour heterogeneity was also demonstrated in 5% of mCRC. One case with three different primary tumours harboured three different KRAS mutations, and only one was represented in the unique metastasis of this patient. We concluded there was a high concordance in the KRAS status between the primary tumour and metastases. More than one informative block and more sensitive assay may increase the accuracy of KRAS status determination.
    Anticancer research 10/2010; 30(10):4229-35. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2010; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether the clinical and molecular biologic characteristics of the alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) subtypes have relevance independent of the presence or absence of the PAX/FOXO1 fusion gene. The fusion gene status of 210 histopathologically reviewed, clinically annotated rhabdomyosarcoma samples was determined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess event-free survival and overall survival in fusion gene-negative ARMS (ARMSn; n = 39), fusion gene-positive ARMS (ARMSp; n = 94), and ERMS (n = 77). A total of 101 RMS samples were also profiled for whole-genome expression, and 128 were profiled for genomic copy number imbalances. Profiling data were analyzed by supervised and unsupervised methods to compare features related to histopathology and fusion gene status. Results were also projected by meta-analysis techniques across three separate publically available data sets. Overall and event-free survival, frequency of metastases, and distribution of site at initial presentation were not significantly different between ARMSn and ERMS. Consistent with this, analysis of gene expression signatures could not reproducibly distinguish ARMSn from ERMS whereas fusion gene-positive cases were distinct. ARMSn and ERMS frequently show whole-chromosome copy number changes, notably gain of chromosome 8 with associated high levels of expression of genes from this chromosome. The clinical behavior and molecular characteristics of alveolar cases without a fusion gene are indistinguishable from embryonal cases and significantly different from fusion-positive alveolar cases. This implies that fusion gene status irrespective of histology is a critical factor in risk stratification of RMS.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2010; 28(13):2151-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) protein expression and its relationship with gene amplification in invasive bladder carcinoma, using the same criteria than for breast cancer. In 1005 patients, paraffin-embedded tissues of transurethral resection or cystectomy were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC), using antibodies against HER2. All samples with a 2+ or 3+ HER2 overexpression were evaluated by FISH. HER2 overexpression was observed in 93 (9.2%) tumors (2+: 42 tumors and 3+: 51 tumors). Using FISH, all HER2 3+ tumors had a gene amplification, whereas no amplification was found in 2+ tumors. Intratumoral heterogeneity was observed in 35% of cases. These tumors showed the same heterogeneous pattern, with adjacent 3+ positive and negative areas by both IHC and FISH. This study showed that 5.1% of invasive bladder carcinomas had a HER2 gene amplification. These findings may have clinical implications for the management of patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic bladder cancer, as they could be potential candidates for targeted therapy.
    Annals of Oncology 11/2009; 21(4):815-9. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeGiven the scarcity of malignant phyllode tumours of the breast and the absence of consensus regarding their management justify the need for institutional retrospective evaluations of clinical practices.Patients and methodsRetrospective study with central pathology review of the 25 consecutive patients treated at the Institut Curie (Paris, France) between 1969 and 2006 for non metastatic malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast. The median follow-up was 65 months (7–257 months).ResultsMedian age at diagnosis was 52 years (20–64 years). Breast surgery was conservative in five patients (20%). Surgical margins were wide (> 10 mm), narrow, involved or unknown in respectively 17 (68%), three (12%), three (12%) and two (8%) patients. Median tumour size was 65 mm (12–250 mm). Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered in seven (28%) patients (two patients, posttumorectomy; five patients, postmastectomy) and 13 patients (52%) received anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy. Five-year overall survival rate was 91% (95% CI, 80–100%). Five patients (20%) developed distant metastases (one after chemotherapy) and three (12%) locoregional relapse (one after tumorectomy and unknown margin without radiotherapy, two after mastectomy and involved margins with radiotherapy).Conclusion Wide breast surgery (that can be conservative in selected patients) is the mainstay of the treatment of non metastatic malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast. To better determine the respective roles of adjuvant systemic treatment and radiotherapy, further clinical studies and the search for new prognostic and predictive factors remain necessary.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 07/2009; 13(4):305–312. · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Given the scarcity of malignant phyllode tumours of the breast and the absence of consensus regarding their management justify the need for institutional retrospective evaluations of clinical practices. Retrospective study with central pathology review of the 25 consecutive patients treated at the Institut Curie (Paris, France) between 1969 and 2006 for non metastatic malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast. The median follow-up was 65 months (7-257 months). Median age at diagnosis was 52 years (20-64 years). Breast surgery was conservative in five patients (20%). Surgical margins were wide (> 10mm), narrow, involved or unknown in respectively 17 (68%), three (12%), three (12%) and two (8%) patients. Median tumour size was 65 mm (12-250 mm). Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered in seven (28%) patients (two patients, post-tumorectomy; five patients, post-mastectomy) and 13 patients (52%) received anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy. Five-year overall survival rate was 91% (95% CI, 80-100%). Five patients (20%) developed distant metastases (one after chemotherapy) and three (12%) locoregional relapse (one after tumorectomy and unknown margin without radiotherapy, two after mastectomy and involved margins with radiotherapy). Wide breast surgery (that can be conservative in selected patients) is the mainstay of the treatment of non metastatic malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast. To better determine the respective roles of adjuvant systemic treatment and radiotherapy, further clinical studies and the search for new prognostic and predictive factors remain necessary.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 07/2009; 13(4):305-12. · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether any histological trait was associated with regional and/or systemic spread of occult tumour cells (OTCs) in small size invasive breast cancer, we compared tumour characteristics, axillary sentinel lymph node (SN) and bone marrow (BM) status in a series of 287 pT1T2 cases. Surgery was the first step of treatment, associated with SN procedure and with BM aspiration for the detection of OTC. SN was histologically classified as negative, metastatic (>2mm), micro-metastatic (>0.2mm and 2mm) or involved by OTC detected by immunohistochemistry (Ni+, 0.2mm). BM specimens were analysed after immunocytochemistry and classified as negative or positive with atypical cytokeratin-positive OTC. Metastasis and micro-metastasis in the SN were correlated with size, grade and vascular invasion. In contrast, presence of OTC in both SN and BM was independent of these parameters but positively associated with lobular type. This correlation was also observed for BM status, which was similarly independent of the tumour characteristics. No association was found between SN status and BM status. Our data indicate that, in the course of breast cancer, OTC spreading is frequent and could be an early event, related to lobular histological type but independent of classical histoprognostic parameters, and that the loco-regional metastatic spread of OTC is not a prerequisite for systemic involvement.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 04/2009; 45(11):1979-86. · 4.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

761 Citations
210.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Institut Curie
      • Service de Radiothérapie
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2013
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • Department of Pathology
      Seattle, WA, United States
  • 2007–2013
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Pathology
      New York City, NY, United States
    • Institut Curie - Hôpital René Huguenin
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2005–2006
    • Johns Hopkins Medicine
      • Department of Pathology
      Baltimore, MD, United States