Marek Rodina

University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Budejovice, Jihočeský, Czech Republic

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Publications (119)186.36 Total impact

  • O. Linhart, M. Rodina, V. Kašpar
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study with common carp spermatozoa was to understand the fertilization potency of different males when different sperm quantities were applied per ova of a single female. The sperm of five males representing very good sperm motility and the ova from one female exhibiting the best apparent quality were used. The sperm of each male was collected at volumes of 5 (1000 spermatozoa), 10 (5000 spermatozoa), 20 (10 000 spermatozoa), 40 (20 000 spermatoza) and 400 μl (200 000 spermatozoa) and pre-diluted with 995, 990, 980, 960 and 600 μl of Kurokura solution, respectively. Thereafter, 4000 eggs and pre-diluted spermatozoa from each male, one by one, were simultaneously added to 1000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000 and 200 000 spermatozoa and activated with hatchery water. Initial sperm motility was in the range of 89.5-97.2% at 15 s, decreasing to 19.1-30.2% at 60 s post-activation. At all times of evaluated post-activation, the sperm motility did not differ significantly among the males. Sperm velocity decreased from 126.1 to 161.2 μm s−1 at 15 s to 11.9-35.2 μm s−1 at 60 s post-activation. Sperm velocity was significantly different among males at 15 s post-activation. Fertilization and hatching rates were similar in all males at a higher examined number of spermatozoa per ova (20 000 and 200 000). Similar fertilization and hatching rates were observed in four out of five males at 10 000 spermatozoa per ova. Lower spermatozoa per ova (5000) induced very different results, from 48 to 82% for fertilization rates and from 42 to 72% for hatching rates. At 1000 spermatozoa per ova a very high variability was observed: 10-50% for fertilization rates and 8-43% for hatching rates. These results did not correspond to sperm velocity among males. The 20 000 spermatozoa density was considered as providing a secure number of spermatozoa for reaching good fertilization in common carp. To avoid loss of genetic variability for future generations this recommendation is important to know for the management of hatcheries where these broodstocks will be generated.
    Journal of Applied Ichthyology 06/2015; 31:169-173. DOI:10.1111/jai.12736 · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) interferes with male reproductive endocrine system in mammals, however its effects on fish reproduction are largely unknown. We evaluated sperm quality and investigated reproductive endocrine system in mature goldfish (Carassius auratus) exposed to nominal 1, 10, and 100μg/L DEHP. To examine DEHP estrogenic activity, one group of goldfish was exposed to 17β-estradiol (5μg/L E2) for comparison. Following 30d of exposure, sperm production was decreased and suppressed in DEHP and E2 treated goldfish, respectively. Sperm motility and velocity were decreased in goldfish exposed to 100 and 10μg/L DEHP at 15s post-sperm activation, respectively. Compared to control, 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) levels were decreased at 10 and 1μg/L DEHP at day 15 and 30, respectively. In E2 treated goldfish, 11-KT levels were decreased compared to control during the period of exposure. E2 levels were increased in goldfish exposed to E2, but remained unchanged in DEHP treated goldfish during the period of exposure. StAR mRNA levels encoding regulator of cholesterol transfer to steroidogenesis were decreased in DEHP and E2 treated goldfish following 15 and 30d of exposure, respectively. Luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were decreased in DEHP and E2 treated goldfish following 15 and 30d of exposure, respectively. In DEHP treated goldfish, gnrh3, kiss1 and its receptor (gpr54) mRNA levels did not change during the experimental period. In E2 treated goldfish, gnrh3 mRNA levels were decreased at day 7, but kiss1 and gpr54 mRNA levels were increased at day 30 of exposure. The mRNA levels of genes encoding testicular LH and androgen receptors remained unchanged in DEHP and E2 treated goldfish. In contrast to E2 treated goldfish, vitellogenin production was not induced in DEHP treated goldfish and mRNA levels of genes with products mediating estrogenic effects remained unchanged or decreased. In conclusion, DEHP interferes with testis and pituitary hormonal functions to reduce sperm quality in goldfish and does not exhibit estrogenic activity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 03/2015; 163. DOI:10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.03.017 · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, for the first time in fish spermatozoa, we describe the precise chronology of motility initiation of sterlet (sturgeon) sperm from completely immotile flagella to regular full wave propagation. The successive activation steps were investigated by high-speed video microscopy, using specific experimental situation, where sperm motility initiation was delayed in time up to several seconds (10 ± 2.68 seconds). Starting from fully immotile, the flagellum shows some trembling for a brief period, soon followed by appearance of the first real bend (so-called "principal bend") with a large wave amplitude 4.28 ± 0.65 μm, then by the "reverse bend," the latter presenting a lower (P < 0.05) wave amplitude (1.14 ± 0.32 μm). This couple of first bends formed at the basal region begins to propagate toward the flagellar tip but gradually fades when reaching the midflagellum, wherein consequently the sperm cell remains nonprogressive. This behavior repeats several times until a stage where the amplitude of the reverse bend gradually reaches a value similar that of the principal bend: The larger amplitude of this couple of bends finally leads to sustain a real "takeoff" of the sperm cell characterized by a full flagellar wave propagation generating an active forward displacement similar to that occurring during regular steady state motility (several seconds after activation). Starting from the earliest stages of motility initiation, the wave propagation along the flagellum and formation of new waves proceeded in a helical manner leading to a 3-dimensional rotation of the whole spermatozoon. Eventually, we estimated that the time period needed from the activation signal (contact with fresh water) to full wave propagation ranges from 0.4 to 1.2 seconds. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Theriogenology 02/2015; 84(1). DOI:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.02.011 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The egg structure of sturgeon is complex, with multiple micropyles and an envelope structure different from that of teleosts and other fish groups. In the sturgeon, an adhesive layer in the follicular epithelium is responsible for the egg adhesiveness. This is a problem for artificial reproduction of many fish species, including sturgeon, when a large number of eggs are incubated in hatchery conditions. Although several techniques for removing adhesiveness have been developed and successfully applied to eggs of common carp, tench, pikeperch and European catfish, de-sticking methods for sturgeon are limited. Proteolytic enzymes have been successfully applied to common carp, tench and African catfish eggs, leading to a hatching rate over 80% following 2-min treatment. In sturgeon, blue clay is the most commonly used de-sticking substance. The chemical reactions determining egg adhesiveness in sturgeon are poorly studied, and optimum methods for removing stickiness remain to be developed.
    Reviews in Aquaculture 02/2015; DOI:10.1111/raq.12070 · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sturgeon spermatozoa are immotile in the testis and acquire the potential for motility after contact with urine in Wolffian duct. The present study tested if in vitro incubation of testicular sperm in seminal fluid from Wolffian duct sperm leads to the acquisition of sperm fertilization ability. Sterlet sperm was taken from the testes, matured in vitro and cryopreserved. The fertility and motility of cryopreserved semen were tested. Matured testicular sperm showed freeze-thaw survival rates similar to Wolffian duct sperm, which is commonly used in sturgeon artificial propagation. Matured testicular sperm and Wolffian duct sperm post-thaw motility rate and curvilinear velocity were not significantly different, while duration of matured testicular sperm motility was significantly shorter than that of Wolffian duct sperm. Development rates of embryos obtained with post-thaw matured testicular sperm and Wolffian duct sperm were not significantly different. In vitro maturation of sterlet testicular sperm can potentially be useful in sperm cryobanking.
    Cryobiology 10/2014; 69(2). DOI:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2014.07.008 · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A practical technique for isolation and cryopreservation of tench (Tinca tinca) (Cyprinidae, Teleostei) early stages of germ cells (GC), including spermatogonia and spermatocytes, is reported for the first time. The germ-line cells possess the ability to differentiate into functional gametes of both sexes. These early stages of germ cells are small enough to be well-suited to cryopreservation, which, together with their high level of plasticity, makes their preservation a promising tool for maintaining genetic resources. Testicular cells were distinguished and separated by Percoll gradient, with the highest proportion of GC (62.2%) obtained from the 30% layer. The concentration and viability of GC were determined, and specific staining (DDX4) for germ cells was used to distinguish GC from somatic cells. Early stages of germ cells were cryopreserved in an extender composed of phosphate buffered saline (pH 8) with 0.5% BSA, 50mM d-glucose, and containing 1.5M cryo-protectant in the pre-programmed PLANER Kryo10 series III using a cooling protocol from +10°C to –80°C at a rate of 1°C/min. The effect of six cryoprotectants – methanol, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfoxide + propanediol (1 : 1), glycerol, ethylene glycol, and dimethylacetamid was assessed, and the results were evaluated by comparing the percentage of viable frozen/thawed GC by ANOVA, Tukey's HSD test (P < 0.05). Almost the same viability rates were obtained with no significant differences among tested cryoprotectants, indicating high stability of GC in cryoprotectants. Nevertheless, glycerol at a concentration of 1.5M was associated with the highest survival rate of thawed tench GC (57.69 ± 16.85%).
    Czech Journal of Animal Science 08/2014; 59:381-390. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is a possible source of spermatozoa function deterioration. Seminal fluid (SF) protects spermatozoa against reactive oxygen species (ROS) attack during development in testes and transit through the reproductive tract. Spermatozoa curvilinear velocity and percent of motile cells as well as changes in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) content, superoxide dismutase, and catalase activity, and uric acid concentration in SF were evaluated in sterlet sperm collected from testes 24 h after hormone induction of spermiation and from Wolffian ducts at 12, 24, 36, and 60 h after hormone injection (HI). While testicular spermatozoa motility was not initiated in activating medium, Wolffian duct sperm showed low motility at 12 h, significant increase at 24 and 36 h, and decrease at 60 h. Testicular SF was characterized by the highest level of TBARS and activity of studied enzymes compared with SF from Wolffian duct sperm at 24 h post-HI. In fluid from Wolffian duct sperm, a significant increase in TBARS content was shown at 36-60 h post-HI. In contrast to testicular SF, in SF from Wolffian duct sperm, this increase was not counterbalanced by changes in the studied variables of antioxidant system. This may be the source of the observed decrease in spermatozoa motility parameters 60 h post-HI. The results may confirm a dual role of ROS in fish sperm physiology. The data with respect to decrease in sturgeon spermatozoa motility parameters at 60 h post-HI should be taken into account in artificial sturgeon propagation.
    Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 07/2014; 40(6). DOI:10.1007/s10695-014-9963-2 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of environmental ion composition and osmolality in calcium ion (Ca2+) signalling of spermatozoa activation over the course of the spawning period of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis was investigated. Motility at the end of spawning was low (mean ± s.d. of 5 ± 2% motile spermatozoa with curvilinear velocity of 25 ± 8 µm s−1). Addition of 10 mM Ca2+ to the activation medium resulted in values similar to those recorded during the middle of the spawning period (mean ± s.d. of 95 ± 6% motile spermatozoa with curvilinear velocity of 130 ± 15 µm s−1).
    Journal of Fish Biology 06/2014; 85(3). DOI:10.1111/jfb.12445 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of environmental ion composition and osmolality in Ca(2+) signaled activation was assessed in spermatozoa of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis. Milt from ten mature males was obtained by abdominal massage. Spermatozoa motility was evaluated in 0, 100, and 300 mOsm/kg NaCl or sucrose solutions, buffered by 10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.5. For investigation of spermatozoa reaction to external Ca(2+) concentration, 2 mM ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA) was added to the activation media as a calcium ions chelator. For investigation of the effect of external Na(+) concentration in conditions of low external Ca(2+), 100 µM amiloride was added to the EGTA-containing solutions as a Na(+) transport blocker. Low motility was observed in sucrose (Na(+) free) solutions containing 2 mM EGTA but not in Na(+) solutions containing 2 mM EGTA. Addition of amiloride led to significantly increased motility (P < 0.05) compared with sucrose (Na(+) free) solutions containing 2 mM EGTA. We conclude that Na(+) transport in Ca(2+)-free solutions plays a regulatory role in brook trout spermatozoa activation. The influence of competitive Na(+) and Ca(2+) transport on the control of spermatozoa activation requires further study with respect to its application for improvement of artificial activation and storage media.
    Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 04/2014; 40(5). DOI:10.1007/s10695-014-9936-5 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evolution of sturgeons and paddlefishes (order Acipenseriformes) is inherently connected with polyploidization events which resulted in differentiation of ploidy levels and chromosome numbers of present acipenseriform species. Moreover, allopolyploidization as well as autopolyploidization seems to be an ongoing process in these fishes and individuals with abnormal ploidy levels were occasionally observed within sturgeon populations. Here, we reported occurrence of Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) male with abnormal ploidy level for these species, accessed its ploidy level and chromosome number and investigate its potential sterility or fertility in comparison with normal individuals of sterlet (A. ruthenus), Russian sturgeon (A. gueldenstaedtii) and Siberian sturgeon (A. baerii). Acipenser ruthenus possessed 120 chromosomes, exhibiting recent diploidy (2n), A. gueldenstaedtii and A. baerii had ~245 chromosomes representing recent tetraploidy (4n), and A. baerii male with abnormal ploidy level had ~ 368 chromosomes, indicating recent hexaploidy (6n). Genealogy assessed from the mtDNA control region did not reveal genome markers of other sturgeon species and this individual was supposed to originate from spontaneous 1.5 fold increment in number of chromosome sets with respect to the number most frequently found in nature for this species. Following hormone stimulation, the spontaneous hexaploid male produced normal sperm with ability for fertilization. Fertilization of A. baerii and A. gueldenstaedtii ova from normal 4n level females with sperm of the hexaploid male produced viable, non-malformed pentaploid (5n) progeny with a ploidy level intermediate to those of the parents. This study firstly described occurrence of hexaploid individual of A. baerii and confirmed its autopolyploid origin. In addition to that, the first detailed evidence about fertility of spontaneous hexaploid sturgeon was provided. If 1.5 fold increment in number of chromosome sets occurring in diploids, resulted triploids possess odd number of chromosome sets causing their sterility or subfertility due to interference of gametogenesis. In contrast, 1.5 fold increment in number of chromosome sets in naturally tetraploid A. baerii resulted in even number of chromosome sets and therefore in fertility of the hexaploid specimen under study.
    BMC Genetics 01/2014; 15(1):5. DOI:10.1186/1471-2156-15-5 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine sperm maturation in sturgeon and to establish the localization of the maturation. We demonstrated that sperm maturation occurs in sturgeon outside the testes via dilution of sperm by urine. The process involves the participation of high molecular weight (>10 kDa) substances and calcium ions.
    Reproductive biology 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.repbio.2014.01.003 · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) to examine genomes of artificially produced sturgeon hybrids between sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus female (∼120 chromosomes) or Russian sturgeon, A. gueldenstaedtii female (∼240 chromosomes) and a spontaneous triploid Siberian sturgeon A. baerii male (∼360 chromosomes), respectively. The ploidy levels of progenies were analyzed by karyotyping and flow cytometry. We found that the species-specific regions were surprisingly identifiable only on some micro- and small(er) macrochromosomes in hybrid metaphases. We hypothesize that these distinguishable regions are represented by species-specific repetitive sequences driven by more dynamic molecular evolutionary mechanisms. On larger chromosomes, GISH faintly visualized only blocks of pericentromeric and telomeric repetitive sequences, remaining regions were equally shared by both parental species. We concluded that the interspecies hybridization producing viable and even fertile progeny is enabled by the fact that genomes of the species involved are likely divergent at the level of the repetitive sequences only and probably highly conserved in the coding sequences. These small differences of coding sequences are in concordance with previous estimations of relatedness of examined species producing artificial as well as natural hybrids. CGH and GISH represent a challenge in sturgeon cytogenetics as a valuable though technically not simple tool to discriminate chromosomes of parental species in hybrids. The potentials and drawbacks of CGH and GISH application in sturgeons are discussed and further experimental possibilities are proposed. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Cytogenetic and Genome Research 09/2013; 141(2-3). DOI:10.1159/000354882 · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study reports about the spermatozoal ultrastructure of three species of astacid crayfish, i.e., the stone crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium, signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus, and noble crayfish Astacus astacus. The acrosome is a cup shaped and electron-dense structure at the anterior of the spermatozoon and comprises three layers of differing electron densities filled with parallel filaments that extend from the base to the apical zone. The acrosome was significantly longer in A. astacus than in P. leniusculus and the shortest acrosome belongs to A. torrentium. The width of the acrosome was significantly narrower in A. torrentium than in P. leniusculus and the widest acrosome belongs to A. astacus. The L:W ratio was significantly greater in A. torrentium than in P. leniusculus and the lowest ratio belongs to A. astacus. Radial arms are visible on each side of the acrosome or nucleus in sagittal view and wrap around the spermatozoon. Each radial arm comprises a parallel bundle of microtubules arranged along the long axis within a sheath. The nucleus, with decondensed material, is located in the posterior of the cell. All parts of the spermatozoon are tightly enclosed within an extracellular capsule. Despite a well-conserved general structure and similarity of pattern among these spermatozoa, differences in the dimensions of the acrosome within the studied species may be useful to help distinguish the different crayfish species. J. Morphol., 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Morphology 07/2013; 274(7). DOI:10.1002/jmor.20132 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of cryopreservation on the protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation pattern of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) sperm is described. Sperm was diluted in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol (EG)-based extenders, followed by equilibration, freezing, and thawing. Proteins extracted from fresh and cryopreserved spermatozoa were separated on SDS-PAGE and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, blotted on polyvinylidene difluoride membrane, and treated with anti-phosphotyrosine, anti-phosphothreonine, or anti-phosphoserine antibodies. For the subsequent protein identification we used matrix-associated laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The results demonstrated that cryopreservation with either DMSO or EG extender significantly altered the phosphorylation state of sperm proteins on tyrosine or threonine residues. A dramatic decrease in tyrosine phosphorylation was detected in the cryopreservation procedures with DMSO extender. Endoplasmin, transketolase, and S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase were identified as proteins that play a key role in cellular stress responses and oxidation and/or reduction reactions. Results indicate that the phosphorylation and/or dephosphorylation modifications of sperm proteins that occur during cryopreservation could stimulate a series of biochemical effects interfering with spermatozoa function and leading to a loss of motility and fertilization ability. Our findings indicated that use of EG extender provided superior protein preservation during sperm storage.
    Theriogenology 04/2013; 80(2). DOI:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2013.03.021 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The great diversity of optimal UV irradiation doses are used for DNA inactivation in fish sperm forcing authors to repeat optimization of irradiation treatment every time. Analysis of sperm UV irradiation protocol for induction of gynogenesis showed the importance of sperm UV light absorption estimations. The UV absorption investigation in Siberian sturgeon sperm showed average extinction coefficient 7.69 × 10−8 ± 1.04 × 10−8 cm2. It is resulted in high heterogeneity of UV irradiation of undiluted sperm samples. Therefore, it is strongly suggested to specify doses only with defined concentration of spermatozoa; otherwise, the difference in absorbance level between samples can bring a significant error to optimal UV dose estimation. This was confirmed by UV-irradiated sperm motility investigation. Results of motility investigation of UV-irradiated sperm revealed high sensitivity of Siberian sturgeon spermatozoa motion mechanisms to UV irradiation, with complete loss of motility after homogeneous UV irradiation at doses above 2,000 J/m2. Partial gynogenesis was conducted using diluted and undiluted sperm. Ploidy level of hatched larvae was estimated by flow cytometry. Percentage of haploid hatched larvae revealed sperm DNA inactivation efficiency. The highest percentage of haploid putative gynogenotes 19.67 ± 4.19 % was obtained at UV irradiation dose 200 J/m2 with sperm diluted to 1:4.
    Aquaculture International 04/2013; 22(2):1-11. DOI:10.1007/s10499-013-9658-1 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here we report for the first time the possibility of sequential sperm motility activation in sturgeon (sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus), a fish with external fertilization, through changes either in osmolality (global solute concentration) or in the Ca(2+) concentration of the medium surrounding the spermatozoa. Sperm motility was initiated in any of three solutions containing buffer and sucrose at 80, or 40 or 10mM (called S80, S40, S10, respectively); S80 is hypertonic relative to sterlet seminal fluid, while S40 is isotonic and S10 is hypotonic. After cessation of sperm movement at the end of this first motility period, a second and then a third, subsequent motile phase were observed. The second motility period was induced at cessation of motility in S80 by imposing a two-fold decrease in osmolality. After arrest of motility in this half-diluted S80, a third motility period could be initiated by addition of CaCl2 to 1mM final concentration. At the end of a first motility period in either S40 or S10, subsequent motility re-activation episodes were achieved only by addition of 1mM CaCl2. Depending on conditions in which sperm samples were activated, significant differences in curvilinear velocity, percent motile spermatozoa, motility duration time, and specific external features of spermatozoa flagella were observed. Altogether, these observations on the ability of sturgeon spermatozoa to sustain sequential activation episodes by experimental adjustment of their environmental conditions represent a potent model for deeper investigations on the sperm motility activation mechanisms.
    Animal reproduction science 03/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2013.02.011 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyploidization has played an important role in vertebrate evolution. Acipenseridae bring clear examples of polyploidy ancestry and, also, polyploidization seems to be an ongoing process in these fishes. In the present study, the genetic origin of six triploid specimens morphologically determined as Acipenser ruthenus from commercial aquaculture was analyzed using a combination of mitochondrial and nuclear markers. A further five successive statistical analyses including median joining of mitochondrial DNA control region sequences, principal coordinate analysis (PCA), factorial correspondence analysis (FCA), STRUCTURE assignation, and NewHybrids status determination for microsatellite data were applied for the clarification of the origin of one extra chromosome set added in these triploids genomes. Although interspecific hybridization had been suggested as a source of these triploids, the statistical analyses showed that the investigated triploids originate from autotriploidization rather than from interspecific hybridization. Therefore, we conclude that a combination of molecular markers with suitable statistical analyses should be used to verify the origin of unusual ploidy level. Evidently, such an approach is critically essential in aquaculture, where interspecific hybridization is very common and usually detected by changes in ploidy levels only.
    Journal of applied genetics 02/2013; 54(2). DOI:10.1007/s13353-013-0143-3 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ultrastructure and morphology of beluga spermatozoa (Huso huso) (Acipenseridae, Chondrostei) were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Spermatozoa of 51.27±4.71μm total length (mean±SD) were typical of sturgeon and paddlefish spermatozoa. Each consisted of an elongated nucleus (length: 5.84±0.46μm) with distinct acrosome, a cylindrical midpiece (length: 2.10±0.42μm), and a single flagellum (length: 42.21±3.82μm). The acrosome was umbrella shaped (length: 1.12±0.14μm, width: 0.87±0.10μm) with seven to nine posterolateral projections (length: 0.49±0.09μm). Three endonuclear canals, spirally arranged, traversed the nucleus length from the acrosome to the implantation fossa. The flagellum comprised an axoneme with the typical 9+2 organization of microtubules. Two flat fins were present along the flagellum parallel to the plane of the central doublet of microtubules. These fins arose at different positions, 0.57±0.30 and 4.06±1.32μm from the midpiece and terminated 4.18±1.09 and 4.92±1.34μm from the distal end of the flagellum. Principal component analysis revealed spermatozoan ultrastructure and morphology were similar among sturgeon species, and, although assigned to genus Huso, beluga may be closely related to the genus Acipenser.
    Animal reproduction science 01/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2013.01.003 · 1.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
186.36 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2015
    • University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
      • • Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters
      • • Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology
      Budejovice, Jihočeský, Czech Republic
  • 2008
    • University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno
      • Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology
      Brno, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic
  • 2003–2007
    • Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
      • Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic