M. v. Zimmermann

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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Publications (147)285.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To explore the doping dependence of the recently discovered charge density wave (CDW) order in YBa2Cu3Oy, we present a bulk-sensitive high-energy x-ray study for several oxygen concentrations, including strongly underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.44. Combined with previous data around the so-called 1/8 doping, we show that bulk CDW order exists at least for hole concentrations (p) in the CuO2 planes of 0.078 <~ p <~ 0.132. This implies that CDW order exists in close vicinity to the quantum critical point for spin density wave (SDW) order. In contrast to the pseudogap temperature T*, the onset temperature of CDW order decreases with underdoping to T_CDW ~ 90K in YBa2Cu3O6.44. Together with a weakened order parameter this suggests a competition between CDW and SDW orders. In addition, the CDW order in YBa2Cu3O6.44 shows the same type of competition with superconductivity as a function of temperature and magnetic field as samples closer to p = 1/8. At low p the CDW incommensurability continues the previously reported linear increasing trend with underdoping. In the entire doping range the in-plane correlation length of the CDW order in b-axis direction depends only very weakly on the hole concentration, and appears independent of the type and correlation length of the oxygen-chain order. The onset temperature of the CDW order is remarkably close to a temperature T^\dagger that marks the maximum of 1/(T_1T) in planar 63^Cu NQR/NMR experiments, potentially indicating a response of the spin dynamics to the formation of the CDW. Our discussion of these findings includes a detailed comparison to the charge stripe order in La2-xBaxCuO4.
    05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a volume-sensitive high-energy x-ray diffraction study of the underdoped cuprate high temperature superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4 (x = 0.12, Tc=27 K) in applied magnetic field. Bulk short-range charge stripe order with propagation vector q_ch = (0.231, 0, 0.5) is demonstrated to exist below T_ch = 85(10) K and shown to compete with superconductivity. We argue that bulk charge ordering arises from fluctuating stripes that become pinned near boundaries between orthorhombic twin domains.
    04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: MgB2 bulk and wire samples were prepared using cheap, low grade amorphous boron powders. Based on chemical analysis performed on the starting reagents, three nominal stoichiometries were studied. It was found that the structural and superconducting properties of the bulk samples were not affected by the composition, but that residual Mg was left in the wires for the nominal MgB2 composition. In contrast, slightly Mg-deficient compositions were free from residual Mg and exhibited higher critical current densities. The MgB2 phase formation kinetics was not influenced by the variations in the nominal powder composition.
    Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 01/2014; · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The thermal decomposition of yttrium(III) valerate (Y(C4H9CO2)3) was studied in argon by means of thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis, IR-spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, in-situ synchrotron diffraction and hot-stage microscopy as well as room temperature optical microscopy. Melting takes place around 90 °C and evidence was found for solidification of the melt at 260 °C–300 °C, i.e. close to the onset of decomposition. Between 300 °C and 450 °C, Y(C4H9CO2)3 decomposes in a single step into Y2O2CO3 with release of gaseous CO2 and C4H9COC4H9 (5-nonanone). Final conversion to Y2O3 takes pace with release of CO2. The carbonaceous residue, which is left as a by-product during this last decomposition step is finally slowly burned by the residual oxygen present in the Ar atmosphere between 700 °C and 900 °C.
    Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 01/2014; · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed 7Li- and 31P-NMR study on single crystalline LiMnPO4 in the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phase (AFM, TN∼34 K). This allows us to determine the spin directions in the field-induced spin-flop phase. In addition, the anisotropic dipolar hyperfine coupling tensor of the 7Li and 31P nuclei is also fully determined by orientation and temperature-dependent NMR experiments and compared to the calculated values from crystal structure data. Deviations of the experimental values from the theoretical ones are discussed in terms of Mn disorder which is induced by Li disorder. In fact, the disorder in the Mn sublattice is directly revealed by diffuse x-ray scattering data. The present results provide experimental evidence for the Li diffusion strongly coupling to structural distortions within the MnPO4 host, which is expected to significantly affect the Li mobility as well as the performance of batteries based on this material.
    Physical Review B. 08/2013; 88(5).
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    ABSTRACT: X-ray diffraction measurements show that the high-temperature superconductor YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6.54}, with ortho-II oxygen order, has charge-density-wave order in the absence of an applied magnetic field. The dominant wave vector of the charge density wave is q_{CDW}=(0,0.328(2),0.5), with the in-plane component parallel to the b axis (chain direction). It has a similar incommensurability to that observed in ortho-VIII and ortho-III samples, which have different dopings and oxygen orderings. Our results for ortho-II contrast with recent high-field NMR measurements, which suggest a commensurate wave vector along the a axis. We discuss the relationship between spin and charge correlations in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} and recent high-field quantum oscillation, NMR, and ultrasound experiments.
    Physical Review Letters 03/2013; 110(13):137004. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 03/2013; 87(11). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a state-of-the-art x-ray diffraction study of the charge density wave order in 1T-TaS2 as a function of temperature and pressure. Our results prove that the charge density wave, which we characterize in terms of wave vector, amplitude and the coherence length, indeed exists in the superconducting region of the phase diagram. The data further imply that the ordered charge density wave structure as a whole becomes superconducting at low temperatures, i. e, superconductivity and charge density wave coexist on a macroscopic scale in real space. This result is fundamentally different from a previously proposed separation of superconducting and insulating regions in real space and, instead, provides evidence that the superconducting and the charge density wave gap exist in separate regions of reciprocal space.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 02/2013; 87(12). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of a magnetic field on the charge stripe order in La2−xBaxCuO4 has been studied by means of high-energy (100 keV) x-ray diffraction for charge carrier concentrations ranging from strongly underdoped to optimally doped. We find that charge stripe order can be significantly enhanced by a magnetic field applied along the c axis, but only at temperatures and dopings where it coexists with bulk superconductivity at zero field. The field also increases stripe correlations between the planes, which can result in an enhanced frustration of the interlayer Josephson coupling. Close to the famous x=1/8 compound, where zero field stripe order is pronounced and bulk superconductivity is suppressed, charge stripe order is independent of a magnetic field. The results for La2−xBaxCuO4 resemble recent observations in YBa2Cu3O6+δ and, independent of potential differences in the microscopic origin of charge order in these two compounds, imply a very similar competition with three-dimensionally coherent superconductivity.
    Physical Review B 01/2013; 87(1). · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resonant and nonresonant x-ray scattering studies on HoFe3(BO3)4 reveal competing magnetic ordering of Ho and Fe moments. Temperature and x-ray polarization dependent measurements employed at the Ho L3 edge directly reveal a spiral spin order of the induced Ho moments in the ab plane propagating along the c axis, a screw-type magnetic structure. At about 22.5 K the Fe spins are observed to rotate within the basal plane inducing spontaneous electric polarization, P. Components of P in the basal plane and along the c axis can be scaled with the separated magnetic x-ray scattering intensities of the Fe and Ho magnetic sublattices, respectively.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 12/2012; 86(22). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: X-ray diffraction measurements show that the high-temperature superconductor YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.54}$, with ortho-II oxygen order, has charge density wave order (CDW) in the absence of an applied magnetic field. The CDW has a 1-q structure with the in-plane component of the wavevector parallel to the $\mathbf{b}$-axis (chain direction), with a similar incommensurability to that observed in ortho-VIII and ortho-III samples, which have different dopings and oxygen orderings. Our results for ortho-II contrast with recent high-field NMR measurements, which suggest a commensurate wavevector along the $\mathbf{a}$-axis. We discuss the relationship between spin and charge correlations in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{y}$, and recent high-field quantum oscillation, NMR and ultrasound experiments.
    12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of a magnetic field on the charge stripe order in La(2-x)Ba(x)CuO(4) has been studied by means of high energy (100 keV) x-ray diffraction for charge carrier concentrations ranging from strongly underdoped to optimally doped. We find that charge stripe order can be significantly enhanced by a magnetic field applied along the c-axis, but only at temperatures and dopings where it coexists with bulk superconductivity at zero field. The field also increases stripe correlations between the planes, which can result in an enhanced frustration of the interlayer Josephson coupling. Close to the famous x=1/8 compound, where zero field stripe order is pronounced and bulk superconductivity is suppressed, charge stripe order is independent of a magnetic field. The results imply that static stripe order and three-dimensionally coherent superconductivity are competing ground states.
    12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Superconductivity often emerges in the proximity of, or in competition with, symmetry breaking ground states such as antiferromagnetism or charge density waves (CDW)1-5. A number of materials in the cuprate family, which includes the high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) superconductors, show spin and charge density wave order5-7. Thus a fundamental question is to what extent these ordered states exist for compositions close to optimal for superconductivity. Here we use high-energy x-ray diffraction to show that a CDW develops at zero field in the normal state of superconducting YBa2Cu3O6.67 (Tc = 67 K). Below Tc, the application of a magnetic field suppresses superconductivity and enhances the CDW. Hence, the CDW and superconductivity are competing orders in this typical high-Tc superconductor, and high-Tc superconductivity can form from a pre-existing CDW state. Our results explain observations of small Fermi surface pockets8, negative Hall and Seebeck effect9,10 and the "Tc plateau"11 in this material when underdoped.
    Nature Physics 06/2012; 8(12). · 19.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The observation of enhanced spin stripe order in the vortex cores of La2-xSrxCuO4 has been a landmark experiment that revealed the intimate connection between superconductivity and incommensurate antiferromagnetism. Only recently we have observed a corresponding field dependence of the spin and, more importantly, of the charge stripe order in La2-xBaxCuO4. Here we present our recent results from neutron diffraction, x-ray diffraction, and torque measurements in high magnetic fields. These helped us to establish the field versus temperature and doping phase diagrams for spin and charge order, and to further corroborate the stripe model as the more appropriate description than for example spiral and vortex states.
    02/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We present angle-resolved photoemission studies of (La{1-z}Pr{z}){2-2x}Sr{1+2x}Mn{2}O{7} with x=0.4 and z=0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 along with density functional theory calculations and x-ray scattering data. Our results show that the bilayer splitting in the ferromagnetic metallic phase of these materials is small, if not completely absent. The charge carriers are therefore confined to a single MnO{2} layer, which in turn results in a strongly nested Fermi surface. In addition to this, the spectral function also displays clear signatures of an electronic ordering instability well below the Fermi level. The increase of the corresponding interaction strength with z and its magnitude of ∼400  meV make the coupling to a bare phonon highly unlikely. Instead we conclude that fluctuating order, involving electronic and lattice degrees of freedom, causes the observed renormalization of the spectral features.
    Physical Review Letters 01/2012; 108(1):016403. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth, texture evolution and microstructure dependency of solution derived Gd2Zr2O7 films deposited on textured Ni-5at.%W substrates have been extensively studied. Influence of processing parameters, in particular annealing temperature and dwell time, as well as thickness effect on film texture and morphology are investigated in details. It is found that a rotated cube-on-cube epitaxy of Gd2Zr2O7//NiW in-plane texture forms as soon as the (004) out-plane texture appears, implying that epitaxial growth dominates the crystallization processes. Thermal energy plays an important role in minimizing the difference of interfacial energy along two directions in the anisotropic metallic substrate. Growth of Gd2Zr2O7 films displays an ultrafast kinetics under optimized conditions. Independency of sharp epitaxial (004) and polycrystalline (222) orientation is revealed from further synchrotron diffraction studies. Fully covered films with a broad thickness range exhibit a high degree of biaxial orientation, similar surface morphology with crack free and nano-size grains microstructure, seemingly independent of neither heat treatment nor thickness. Particularly, we compared the porosity of the film surface and body according to surface or cross-sectional observation and Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry analysis, pointing to inhomogeneous structure through film thickness, i.e., dense in the surface layer but porous in the body. This is attributed to trapped gas generated during either decomposition or crystallization in the thicker films. This work not only demonstrates a route for producing textured Gd2Zr2O7 buffer layers with dense structure directly on technical substrates, but also provides some fundamental understandings related to chemical solution derived films grown on metallic substrates.
    Thin Solid Films 01/2012; · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • Superconductivity Centennial Conference 2011. 01/2012; 36:600-605.
  • Superconductivity Centennial Conference 2011. 01/2012; 36:497-502.
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    ABSTRACT: We present an experimental study of the anisotropic resistivity of superconducting La2−xBaxCuO4 with x=0.095 and transition temperature Tc=32 K. In a magnetic field perpendicular to the CuO2 layers H⊥, we observe that the resistivity perpendicular to the layers ρ⊥ becomes finite at a temperature consistent with previous studies on very similar materials; however, the onset of finite parallel resistivity ρ∥ occurs at a much higher temperature. This behavior contradicts conventional theory, which predicts that ρ⊥ and ρ∥ should become finite at the same temperature. Voltage versus current measurements near the threshold of voltage detectability indicate linear behavior perpendicular to the layers, becoming nonlinear at higher currents, while the behavior is nonlinear from the onset parallel to the layers. These results, in the presence of moderate H⊥, appear consistent with superconducting order parallel to the layers with voltage fluctuations between the layers due to thermal noise. In search of uncommon effects that might help to explain this behavior, we have performed diffraction measurements that provide evidence for H⊥-induced charge- and spin-stripe order. The field-induced decoupling of superconducting layers is similar to the decoupled phase observed previously in La2−xBaxCuO4 with x=1/8 in zero field.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 01/2012; 85. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The formation of the MgB2 superconducting compound from a mixture of Mg and amorphous B powders with various low melting point metals (Bi, Se and Te) was studied in situ by means of high-energy (synchrotron) x-ray diffraction in wires with a composite Cu/Nb sheath. In comparison with an undoped sample, it was found that the addition of Bi results in a clear lowering of the formation temperature of MgB2, whereas Se and Te have no significant influence. Tc is slightly higher in the Bi-doped sample than in the others but the jc in this case is lower than in the pure MgB2 sample, probably due to the presence of remaining Mg3Bi2 particles that formed as an intermediate compound during reaction. Likewise, in the Se-and Te-doped samples, MgSe and MgTe respectively form below 450 °C. Whereas jc is also depressed in the Se-doped sample, the MgTe particles do not appear to affect the performance of the Te-doped wire.
    Superconductor Science and Technology 12/2011; 25(1):015010. · 2.76 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
285.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2014
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
      • Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2013
    • University of Birmingham
      • School of Physics and Astronomy
      Birmingham, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2006–2012
    • Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden
      • Institute for Solid State Research
      Dresden, Saxony, Germany
  • 2004
    • Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research
      Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1999–2002
    • Brookhaven National Laboratory
      • Physics Department
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2000
    • Princeton University
      • Department of Physics
      Princeton, NJ, United States
  • 1997
    • Stony Brook University
      Stony Brook, New York, United States