Mounir J Haurani

Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, United States

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Publications (9)47.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to study contemporary presentation patterns and clinical results in patients undergoing aortofemoral bypass (AFB) surgery. This was a retrospective comparative study. During a 14-year period, 269 consecutive patients (mean age 65 years) underwent AFB. Indications included occlusive disease with severe intermittent claudication (IC) (n = 86), critical limb ischaemia (CLI, n = 97) and aneurysmo-occlusive disease (n = 86). From 2000-07 on, AFB was performed more frequently for occlusive disease with CLI than for other indications (48% vs. 31% before 2000, P = 0.009) and also in women (51% vs. 32% before 2000, P = 0.003), compared to the period before 2000. Thirty-day mortality was reduced during 2000-2007 to 2.4%, compared with 4.3% during 1993-1999, although this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.73). Morbidity did not change substantially over the study period. Predictors of 30-day mortality included indication (CLI = 4.1% vs. claudication = 1.2% (P = 0.37)) and chronic kidney disease (CKD, serum creatinine > 1.5 mg dl⁻¹) (11.1% vs. 2.9% in normal renal function, P = 0.07), the latter being the single predictor on multivariate analysis (hazard risk 4.2, P = 0.047). Overall 5 and 10-year assisted primary and secondary patency was 95% and 88%, and 99% and 95%, respectively. Survival at 5 and 10 years was 69% and 48%, respectively. Patient age (hazard risk 1.05, P < 0.001), CKD (hazard risk 1.79, P = 0.018) and diabetes (hazard risk 1.56, P = 0.022) were independent predictors of worse long-term survival. Long-term outcome did not change over the course of the study. In the contemporary era, AFB is more likely to be performed for CLI and in women than in the past. Despite these changes, perioperative mortality and morbidity remain low and long-term outcome excellent.
    European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery: the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery 08/2011; 42(5):658-66. DOI:10.1016/j.ejvs.2011.07.010 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of adventitia-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vascular disease and impaired vascular relaxation is not clear. Based on robust adventitial ROS generation and effects on MAPK involvement in vascular dysfunction, we hypothesized that adventitia-derived ROS hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) impairs vascular relaxation through activation of medial smooth muscle p38 MAPK. By using a novel in vivo model, the adventitial surface of rat carotid arteries was bathed in situ for 90 min with vehicle, angiotensin II (AngII; 500 nM), AngII+H(2)O(2)-scavenger catalase (3,000 U/ml), AngII+p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 (10 μM), or AngII+superoxide dismutase (SOD; 150 U/ml). After these in vivo treatments, ex vivo tone measurements on isolated vessels revealed that periadventitial application of AngII impaired both acetylcholine-induced (endothelium-dependent) and sodium nitroprusside-induced (endothelium-independent) relaxations. In vivo coincubation with catalase or SB203580 significantly improved, but SOD exacerbated AngII-induced impairment of in vitro endothelium-dependent and -independent vascular relaxations. Western blots of vascular media, separated from the adventitia, demonstrated increased medial p38 MAPK activation and decreased medial phosphatase SHP-2 activity in AngII-treated vessels. These effects were reversed by in vivo periadventitial addition of catalase. These findings provide the first evidence that adventitia-derived H(2)O(2) participates in vascular dysfunction through p38 MAPK activation and SHP-2 inhibition.
    Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 12/2010; 15(6):1507-15. DOI:10.1089/ars.2010.3631 · 7.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glutathione peroxidase 1 (Gpx1) plays an important role in cellular defense by converting hydrogen peroxide and organic hydroperoxides to nonreactive products, and Gpx1(-/-) mice, which are characterized by reduced tissue glutathione peroxidase activity, are known to exhibit enhanced oxidative stress. Peroxides participate in tissue injury, as well as the hypertrophy of cultured cells, yet the role of Gpx1 to prevent end organ damage in cardiovascular tissue is not clear. We postulated that Gpx1 deletion would potentiate both aortic and cardiac hypertrophy, as well as mean arterial blood pressure, in response to angiotensin II (AngII). Our results show that short-term AngII markedly increased left ventricular mass, myocyte cross-sectional area, and interventricular septum thickness and decreased shortening fraction in Gpx1(-/-) mice as compared with wild-type animals. On the other hand, AngII resulted in a similar increase in mean arterial blood pressure in wild-type and Gpx1(-/-) mice. Collagen deposition increased in response to AngII, but no differences were found between strains. Vascular hypertrophy increased to the same extent in Gpx1(-/-) and wild-type mice. Collectively, our results indicate that Gpx1 deficiency accelerates cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction but has no effect on vascular hypertrophy and mean arterial blood pressure and suggest a major role for Gpx1 in cardiac dysfunction in AngII-dependent hypertension.
    Hypertension 11/2009; 55(1):116-23. DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.135715 · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Keloids and hypertrophic scars can be uncomfortable, disfiguring, and aesthetically undesirable. Anecdotal reports suggest that low-dose intralesional fluorouracil can be used to treat these undesirable scars. Using a prospective case series protocol, both keloid and hypertrophic scar patients were included. Keloid patients underwent excision followed by a series of treatments with intralesional 5-fluorouracil into the healing scar to prevent recurrence (n = 32). The hypertrophic scar patients were treated with the same series of injections without scar excision to both control symptoms and improve scar appearance (n = 21). The primary outcome measures were scar volume and a symptom questionnaire. Patients were followed for 1 year after completing the injection treatments. In the keloid group, the recurrence rate was 19 percent at 1-year follow-up for this group of patients who had failed previous corticosteroid injection therapy. In the hypertrophic scar group, 14 percent did not respond to the series of injections. In this group, there was a median volume decrease of 50 percent maintained for 1 year after injection therapy was terminated. Intralesional fluorouracil is a safe and effective means of controlling problem scars in terms of both recurrence and symptom control. Benefits were maintained for at least 1 year after completion of therapy. Intralesional 5-fluorouracil should be considered another option for patients suffering from problematic scars.
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 02/2009; 123(1):139-48; discussion 149-51. DOI:10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181904d1b · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The vascular adventitia is emerging as an important modulator of vessel remodeling. Adventitial myofibroblasts migrate to the neointima after balloon angioplasty, contributing to restenosis. We postulated that angiotensin II (Ang II) enhances adventitial myofibroblast migration in vitro via reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase-derived H(2)O(2) and that Nox4-based oxidase promotes migration. Ang II increased myofibroblast migration in a concentration-dependent manner, with a peak increase of 1023+/-83%. Rat adventitial myofibroblasts were cotransfected with human Nox4 and human p22-phox plasmids or an empty vector. PCR showed an 8-fold increase in human Nox4 and human p22-phox plasmid expression. Using RT-PCR with primers specifically designed for rat reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases, endogenous Nox levels were determined. Ang II decreased endogenous Nox4 and Nox1 mRNA to 41% and 27% of control, respectively, but had no effect on Nox2. Cotransfection with human Nox4 and human p22-phox plasmids combined with Ang II reduced endogenous Nox4 mRNA levels (37+/-5% of control; P<0.05), whereas it had no significant effect on Nox1 or Nox2. In empty vector-transfected cells, Ang II increased myofibroblast migration by 192+/-32% versus vehicle (P<0.01) while increasing H(2)O(2) (473+/-22% versus control; P<0.001). Cotransfection with human Nox4 and human p22-phox plasmids decreased Ang II-induced migration (46+/-6%; P<0.001) in parallel with attenuation of H(2)O(2) production (23+/-8% versus empty vector; P<0.05). Our data suggest that Nox4 promotes Ang II-induced myofibroblast migration via an H(2)O(2)-dependent pathway. The data also suggest that Nox4 causes feedback inhibition of its own expression in adventitial myofibroblasts.
    Hypertension 08/2008; 52(1):143-9. DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.101667 · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    Mounir J Haurani, Patrick J Pagano
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of the vascular adventitia is increasingly being recognized not only in vascular disease but also in normal maintenance and homeostasis of vessels. Activation of the adventitia and its resident fibrocytic cells in response to injury, stretch, cytokines, and hormones has been shown to stimulate differentiation, collagen deposition, migration, and proliferation. Importantly, the effects of adventitial fibroblasts are increasingly being ascribed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by adventitial fibroblast NAD(P)H oxidases. Much historical and recent evidence suggests that fibroblast NAD(P)H oxidase) is a harbinger and initiator of vascular disease and remodeling. Data from our laboratory indicate that adventitial fibroblast NAD(P)H oxidase plays a direct and/or paracrine role in neointimal hyperplasia as well as a paracrine role in medial smooth muscle hypertrophy in vivo. We propose that adventitial NAD(P)H oxidase-derived cell-permeant hydrogen peroxide or a byproduct of its oxidation of lipids activates signaling mechanisms in medial smooth muscle leading to the growth response. This review will address the potential role of this adventitial ROS in vascular inflammation and cytokine release to potentiate smooth muscle hypertrophy. We will also survey other signaling pathways involving adventitial NAD(P)H oxidase ultimately leading to changes in vascular phenotype.
    Cardiovascular Research 10/2007; 75(4):679-89. DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2007.06.016 · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ACGME requires the assessment of resident competency in 6 domains. Global evaluations covering all 6 competencies are routinely used. Evaluators may be overly influenced by resident affability and availability, thereby resulting in a halo effect. We hypothesized that the Interpersonal Skills and Communications (ICS) and Professionalism (PR) competencies would unduly influence other competency scores. General surgery resident evaluations are performed by staff and peers on a rotational basis using competency-based questions. Each question is scored using a 5-point Likert scale. Mean individual composite scores for each competency were calculated and then correlated with other mean composite competency scores. Data from patient evaluations were similarly analyzed. A final correlation of competency scores to ABSITE scores, as an objective, standardized measure of a specific competency, Medical knowledge (MK) was also performed. Results were available for 37 residents (PGY 1-5). There was a significant association between ICS scores and higher scores in MK (r = 0.52, p = 0.004), PR (r = 0.826, p < 0.0001) and patient care (PC) (r = 0.619, p < 0.0001). No correlation, however, was found between patient evaluations of residents and their faculty/peer-based ICS scores. We found no association between ICS scores and improved patient evaluations. Lastly, we found no association between ICS or MK scores and ABSITE scores. It was difficult to ascertain whether residents with better ICS scores had higher PR, PC, and MK scores because of the halo effect, improper completion of evaluations, or whether those residents were truly performing better clinically. External measures of resident performance did not correlate with faculty/peer evaluations of ICS and PR. Residency programs should consider adopting a more standardized way to objectively evaluate residents.
    Journal of Surgical Education 03/2007; 64(6):351-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jsurg.2007.06.012 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    Patrick J Pagano, Mounir J Haurani
    Circulation Research 07/2006; 98(12):1453-5. DOI:10.1161/01.RES.0000231258.23378.a6 · 11.09 Impact Factor
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