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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: In Tunisia, little is known about the association between tobacco use and other chronic disease risk factors. This is the case for both adults and children. It is important to know the characteristics of young smokers to facilitate the creation and implementation of future programs for tobacco prevention. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the association between tobacco use and other lifestyle factors among schoolchildren in Tunisia. Methods: We conducted a 2009/2010 cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 4003 randomly selected school children aged 13 years old (7th and 9th grades) to evaluate their knowledge, attitudes towards, and beliefs about the three risk factors for chronic disease (unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and tobacco use). Written informed consent was obtained from each child's parents who allowed their child to participate. Results: The mean age of our sample was 13.36±1.28 years. The proportions of daily smokers were 2.2% and 0.1% among boys and girls, respectively. The proportions of irregular smokers were 9.1% and 1.5% among boys and girls, respectively. In our population, 19.1% (n=767) had ever experimented to smoke, with 29.8% among boys and 9% among girls (p<0.001). The proportions of schoolchildren who reported daily participation in physical activity were different between smokers and nonsmokers with 17.7% and 11.5%, respectively (p=0.03). Concerning eating habits, there was no significant difference in the consumption of fruits and vegetables; however, smokers frequently ate more high fat foods and in fast food restaurants. Similar results were found while comparing regular smoking children with those who experimented but who never became hooked on smoking. Conclusion: This study and previous research suggest the importance of early intervention in adolescents on smoking and combing these efforts with interventions focusing on physical activity and dietary habits.
International journal of adolescent medicine and health 07/2013;
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement. 06/2012; 73(3):304–305.
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ABSTRACT: To examine the prevalence of tobacco use among the teachers in the region of Sousse (Tunisia) and to identify the factors, which determine this behavior.
It is a transactional study; using a self-administered and pre-tested questionnaire to 800 teachers.
The population being studied was made up of 739 teachers including 50.6% of professors. The sample was 35.4% male and the average age was of 45.3±8.1 years. The total prevalence of tobacco use was 17.8% (41.4% among men and 4.7% among women). Half of these teachers smoked in their school establishments and in the presence of their pupils. The multivariate analysis had made it possible to identify four factors, which determine the profile of tobacco use in our teachers; these factors were: the sex, the age, knowledge and attitudes.
It's necessary to intervene with the teachers of the town of Sousse with specific trainings on the topic of the tobacco use and dispose their adapted tools which will be used in the educational programmes of tobacco use prevention in schools.
Annales de cardiologie et d'angeiologie 01/2011; 60(2):92-6. · 0.21 Impact Factor