ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We had for aim to describe control and investigation of an outbreak caused by a strain of Extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in intensive care units of the Brest teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The case definition was a patient infected by or carrying the epidemic strain. Control measures and investigations are presented. A case-control study was conducted in the surgical intensive care unit. Each case was matched with two controls based on admission times in the unit. The study focused on diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and potential contacts with healthcare workers, in this context of cross transmission. RESULTS: Between February and May 2011, nine cases were reported in the surgical ICU and two in the medical ICU. Eighteen controls were matched with the nine surgical ICU cases. Several factors were found to be statistically associated with infection or colonization by the epidemic strain: the surgical block in which patients had been operated and the ward of first hospitalization; the number of trans-esophageal and trans-thoracic echocardiographies, of central venous catheter insertions, and of surgical operations; intubation. The total number of invasive procedures was also found to be statistically higher among cases. CONCLUSION: This study identified factors associated with colonization or infection by the epidemic strain. These factors might have been involved in the transmission tree, and be vulnerable elements for the prevention of nosocomial infections and colonisations, and their epidemic spread.
MÃ©decine et Maladies Infectieuses 09/2012; · 0.72 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The study objectives were to describe the investigation and management of an imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak that occurred in the 15-bed ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital (Brest, France), during the summer 2008.
Patients harboring an imipenem-resistant A. baumannii strain were defined as case patients. We described case occurrence and steps taken to control the outbreak: contact isolation, reinforcement of hygiene procedures, unit shutdown decision, unit disinfection, and reopening. We also made a case control study and a cost analysis of the outbreak management.
During a 10-day period, five patients were positive for a single clone of imipenem-resistant oxa-23 A. baumannii. Four patients presented with ventilation-acquired pneumonia and one was asymptomatic. The first two patients died one day after the first swab which led to the identification of A. baumannii. No additional case was noted in the ICU or in other hospital units after deciding to close the ICU. The cost of outbreak management was estimated at 264,553 euros. The case control study identified several factors associated with infection or colonization: length of stay in the ICU, chronic respiratory disease, number of previous antibiotic classes used, duration of ventilation, prone position, echocardiography, and presence of a nasogastric tube.
This outbreak occurred during the summer period requiring the shutdown of the ICU and inducing a considerable cost. Rapid reactions of the ICU staff during the outbreak enabled to limit the epidemic.
MÃ©decine et Maladies Infectieuses 06/2011; 41(8):430-6. · 0.72 Impact Factor
The Journal of hospital infection 02/2011; 77(2):174-5. · 3.01 Impact Factor