L M Fantozzi

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (61)127.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To assess what kind of information MR examination in flexed and extended positions provides in Down syndrome subjects with suspected cranio-cervical instability.
    Indian journal of pediatrics. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to verify the sensitivity and specificity of the hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) obtained by multidetector computed tomography (CT) in predicting acute stroke, using diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a reference. The location of the HMCAS, the extension of the ischaemic lesion and its prognostic value were also assessed.
    La radiologia medica 08/2014; · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values can predict the status of MGMT of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and correlate with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 47 patients with pathologically proven glioblastoma. All of them underwent MR DWI study before surgery (mean time 1 week) and the status of methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation was searched for. Minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated. OS and PSF parameters were calculated, and Student's t-test, Kaplan-Meier curves, linear and Cox regression were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients showed positive methylation of the MGMT promoter. Patients showing MGMT promoter methylation had higher minimum ADC values, and they survived longer than those without MGMT promoter methylation. The median ADCmin value of 0.80 represents the cutoff value able to distinguish between methylated and un-methylated patients. Patients showing minimum ADC values higher than 0.80 survived longer than patients with minimum ADC values lower than 0.80. A linear correlation between minimum ADC values vs. the OS and PFS was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Minimum ADC values in glioblastoma multiforme could be used as a preoperative parameter to estimate the status of MGMT promoter methylation and the survival of patients. KEY POINTS: • Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) provides new insights into glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) • DWI ADCmin values can predict the methylation status of MGMT promoter. • The MGMT promoter methylation group survived longer than the unmethylated group. • Patients with high ADCmin values survived longer than patients with low values.
    European Radiology 08/2012; · 4.34 Impact Factor
  • Neurological Sciences 04/2012; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion-weighted imaging (DSC-PWI) sequence to study brain tumours provides information on the haemodynamic characteristics of the neoplastic tissue. Brain perfusion maps and calculation of perfusion parameters, such as relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF), relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and mean transit time (MTT) allow assessment of vascularity and angiogenesis within tumours of the central nervous system (CNS), thus providing additional information to conventional MRI sequences. Although DSC-PWI has long been used, its clinical use in the study of brain tumours in daily clinical practice is still to be defined. The aim of this review was to analyse the application of perfusion MRI in the study of brain tumours by summarising our personal experience and the main results reported in the literature.
    La radiologia medica 09/2011; 117(3):445-60. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance with diffusion tensor image (DTI) may be able to estimate trajectories compatible with subcortical tracts close to brain lesions. A limit of DTI is brain shifting (movement of the brain after dural opening and tumor resection). To calculate the brain shift of trajectories compatible with the corticospinal tract (CST) in patients undergoing glioma resection and predict the shift directions of CST. DTI was acquired in 20 patients and carried out through 12 noncollinear directions. Dedicated software "merged" all sequences acquired with tractographic processing and the whole dataset was sent to the neuronavigation system. Preoperative, after dural opening (in 11) and tumor resection (in all) DTI acquisitions were performed to evaluate CST shifting. The extent of shifting was considered as the maximum distance between the preoperative and intraoperative contours of the trajectories. An outward shift of CST was observed in 8 patients and an inward shift in 10 patients during surgery. In the remaining 2 patients, no intraoperative displacement was detected. Only peritumoral edema showed a statistically significant correlation with the amount of shift. In those patients in which DTI was acquired after dural opening as well (11 patients), an outward shifting of CST was evident in that phase. The use of intraoperative DTI demonstrated brain shifting of the CST. DTI evaluation of white matter tracts can be used during surgical procedures only if updated with intraoperative acquisitions.
    Neurosurgery 04/2011; 69(3):696-704; discussion 704-5. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of asymmetric PRES due to the presence of hyperplastic anterior choroidal artery (AChA) in a man affected by sever hypertension. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has become synonymous with a unique pattern of brain vasogenic edema and predominates in the parietal and occipital regions, accompanied by clinical neurological alterations. Sever hypertension is a risk factor that exceeds the limits of brain autoregulation, leading to breakthrough brain edema. In our knowledge this is the first case reported in literature, in which a similar vascular abnormality is linked to a PRES syndrome.
    The Journal of Headache and Pain 01/2011; 12(2):259-61. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To demonstrate the accuracy of magnetic resonance tractograpghy (MRT) in localizing the cortical spinal tract (CST) close to brain tumours by using intraoperative electric subcortical stimulation. Nine patients with intra-axial brain tumours underwent neurosurgery. Planning was based on analysis of the course of streamlines compatible with the CST. After tumour removal, intraoperative MRT was reacquired. Sites at various distance from the CST were repeatedly stimulated to assess whether registered motor evoked potential (MEP) could be elicited. All patients were assessed clinically both pre- and postoperatively. The motor function was preserved in all patients. In all patients intraoperative MRT demonstrated shift of the bundle position caused by the surgical procedure. The distance between the estimated intraoperative CST and the point of elicited MEP was 1 cm or less in all nine patients. At distances greater than 2 cm, no patient reported positive MEP. Intraoperative MRT is a reliable technique for localization of CST. In all patients MEP were elicited by direct subcortical electrical stimulation at a distance below 1 cm from the CST as represented by MRT. Brain shifting might impact this evaluation since CST position may change during surgery in the range of 8 mm.
    European Radiology 05/2010; 20(10):2475-81. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the possible identification of trajectories of fibre tracts, (2) to examine the useful of a neuronavigation system for presurgical planning, (3) to assess pre- and post-surgery patients' clinical condition and (4) to evaluate the impact of this information on surgical planning and procedure. Twenty-eight right-handed patients were prospectively and consecutively studied. All the patients were clinically assessed by a neurologist in both pre- and postsurgical phases. Separately the pyramidal tract, optic radiation and arcuate fasciculus were reconstructed. The trajectories were considered suitable for surgical planning if there were no interruptions of any of the layers at the level of the lesion. Dedicated software 'merged' the acquired images with the tractographic processing, and the whole dataset was sent to the neuronavigation system. The assessment of the 37 visualised trajectories close to the tumour resulted in a modification of the surgical approach to corticotomy in six patients (21%); the impact on the definition of the resection margins during surgery was 64%(18 cases). The overall impact percentage on the surgical procedure was 82%. In 27 cases, the symptoms had not changed. MR-tractography provides the neurosurgeon with a new anatomical view that has an impact on the surgical resection planning for brain neoplasms.
    European Radiology 07/2009; 19(12):2798-808. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most frequent type of Krabbe disease has an infantile onset. Unusual slowly progressive adult forms have also been described. We described a different involvement of white matter tracts where magnetic resonance signal alterations were evident in a case of a patient affected by late-onset form of disease.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 01/2009; 19(2):191-3. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarcts account for only 5-10% of all infarcts in stroke registries. Moreover, the clinical features and etiology of such infarcts have not been studied as extensively as those in other vascular territories.We describe two patients with recurrent episodes of visual symptoms and headache due to probable transitory PCA vasospasm. MR angiography in the acute phase revealed incomplete visualization of PCA, conventional MRI showed mild T2 signal alterations and MR perfusion showed the presence of marked hypoperfusion in the same regions. Diffusion weighted MR images were normal. All these findings resolved after therapy. These cases suggest that reversible signal alterations associated with reversible vessel and perfusion abnormalities may be observed in patients with visual symptoms and headache. Normal DWI-MR may help distinguish these patients from those affected by non-reversible ischemic attacks.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2009; 160(2):125-7. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 32-year-old woman who presented with progressive dorsal back pain. Neither sensory nor motor deficit was reported. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the dorsal spine revealed a primary intradural extramedullary lesion with severe spinal cord compression. No other lesion was found in the central nervous system. During surgery an intradural extramedullary tumor was found without medullary infiltration and a total removal was achieved under microscopic guidance. The histological diagnosis revealed a benign extramedullary ependymoma. The patient recovery completely after surgery and at a follow-up of 24 months MRI showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Ependymoma should be taken in account in the differential diagnosis on intradural extramedullary tumours.
    The neuroradiology journal. 04/2008; 21(2):239-243.
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    ABSTRACT: Whether fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and fiber density index (FDi) values differ in the white matter close to glioblastomas of both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients was investigated. Twenty patients with glioblastomas underwent magnetic resonance imaging study. The FDi, FA and ADC values were calculated in areas of white matter in close proximity to the tumor (perWM) and encompassing fibers of cortico-spinal tract and in the contralateral normal-appearing white matter (nWM). The clinical compromise of the cortico-spinal tract was graded using Brunnstrom's criteria. FA and FDi were significantly decreased and ADC increased in perWM compared with the contralateral. Mean FDi, FA, and ADC values comparing perWM and nWM in symptomatic patients showed similar differences. Comparing the perWM of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, mean FDi and ADC values were lower in symptomatic patients than in asymptomatic ones. A positive correlation was found between the clinical score (CS) and, separately, FDi, FA and ADC per WM values. In a multiple stepwise regression among the same factors, only the ADC of perWM values showed a positive correlation with the CS. An increased ADC plays a major role in reducing the number of fibers (reduced FDi) in symptomatic patients.
    European Radiology 03/2008; 18(2):331-6. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to assess the possibility of identifying precise white matter tracts situated in proximity to intracranial tumours, to define the anatomical and topographical relations between the same white matter tracts and the tumour, to verify the possibility of integrating tractographic images in the context of a package of three-dimensional anatomical images to send to the neuronavigation system, to assess the impact of this information on surgical planning, and to analyse, both pre-and postoperatively, the patient's clinical conditions as an index of the functional integrity of the fibres themselves. Twenty-five patients underwent diffusion tensor study prior to neurosurgery. With the use of dedicated software, relative colour maps were obtained and the trajectories of the white matter tracts adjacent to the tumour were reconstructed in three dimensions. These were then processed for preoperative planning. Planning, which was performed with the neuronavigator, was based on analysis of the location of the course of the main white matter tracts adjacent to the lesion (pyramidal tract, optic radiation and arcuate fasciculus). Two neurosurgeons were asked whether the tractography images had modified the access and/or intraoperative approach to the tumour. All patients were clinically assessed both pre-and postoperatively 1 month after the procedure to define the presence of symptoms related to the involvement of the white matter tracts studied and therefore to assess the integrity of the fibres after the operation. In one patient, the tumour was situated away from all the tracts studied and did not compress them in any way. Overall, 40/75 tracts studied had no anatomical relation with the tumour, were not displaced by the tumour or could not be visualised in their entire course. Analysis of the remaining 35 white matter tracts led to an a priori change in the surgical approach for corticotomy in four patients (16%), with no disagreement between the two neurosurgeons and an impact on the extent of resection during surgery in 17 (68%), thus an overall impact on the surgical procedure in 80% of cases. Eight patients showed no symptoms related to the involvement of the white matter tracts studied. In the remaining 17 patients, the symptoms were related to involvement of the pyramidal tract, arcuate fasciculus or optic radiation. At 1-month follow-up, one previously asymptomatic patient reported a speech disorder (transcortical sensory dysphasia); in the remaining 24, symptoms remained unchanged, with a tendency to improvement in 14/17 with symptoms related to involvement of white matter tracts studied. Magnetic resonance (MR) tractography offers the neurosurgeon an anatomical panoramic view that can improve surgical planning for the resection of intracranial tumours. Despite the high incidence of cases in which the lesion is responsible for changes that hinder the reconstruction of white matter tracts, the technique can change the surgical approach for corticotomy, defines the extent of resection and leads to some change in the procedure in 80% of cases. The improvement of pre-existing symptoms and the absence of new symptoms in the postoperative phase, in our opinion, confirms the value of the technique.
    La radiologia medica 10/2007; 112(6):906-920. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • A Romano, A Bozzao, P Tisei, L M Fantozzi
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    ABSTRACT: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) is a transmissible, progressive, fatal spongiform encephalopathy. Routine MR imaging sequences may show abnormalities in the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex. Recently, several reports claimed that diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) could demonstrate early brain lesions in CJD patients when conventional MR images are normal on T2-weighted sequences. We evaluated the usefulness of DWI, perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) and spectroscopy to confirm the clinical diagnosis and assess lesion progression in two patients with suspected CJD. We noted a diffuse hypoperfusion in the basal ganglia where ADC values were reduced but spectroscopy values were normal. A strong hypoperfusion was observed in the right head of the caudate nucleus in patient n° 2 where spectroscopy values were abnormal. A typical distribution of hypoperfusion followed the posterior progression of disease. We suggest the hypoperfusion in the areas presenting restricted diffusion probably reflects spongiform degeneration and moderate mass effects from cytotoxic edema.
    The neuroradiology journal. 02/2007; 20(1):56-60.
  • Radiologia Medica - RADIOL MED. 01/2007; 112(6):906-920.
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    ABSTRACT: Assessment was made of the cerebral vascular haemodynamic parameters in patients with a high-flow extra-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass performed for therapeutic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Sixteen patients with ICA occlusion and EC-IC bypass (time interval from surgery 1-6 years) underwent MRI. Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PW-MRI) sequences were performed without the use of an arterial input function. The relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), mean transit time (MTT) and relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were evaluated in all patients at the level of the basal ganglia, centrum semiovale and cortex in both hemispheres. Statistically significant differences (P<0.005) were observed in the haemodynamic parameters, indicating increased rCBV in the basal ganglia and decreased rCBF and rCBV in the cortex of the hemisphere supplied by the graft with respect to the contralateral. Patients with occlusion of the ICA and high flow EC-IC bypass do have altered vascular haemodynamic status between the hemispheres. In particular, rCBF is impaired in the surgical hemisphere at the level of the cortex. These patients should be followed-up to rule out chronic ischemia.
    European Radiology 01/2007; 17(1):33-8. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parasagittal meningiomas (PSM) may pose a difficult surgical challenge since venous patency and collateral anastomoses have to be clearly defined for correct surgical planning. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance venography (MRV) in the preoperative evaluation of venous infiltration and collateral venous anastomoses in patients with PSM. CE-MRV was compared with phase-contrast (PC) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, conventional angiography (when available), and surgery as a reference. Twenty-three patients undergoing surgery for meningiomas located adjacent to the superior sagittal sinus were prospectively evaluated. All the patients underwent both conventional MR examination and MRV. This was performed by means of PC and CE techniques. Both sets of angiograms (CE and PC) were evaluated by two expert neuroradiologists to assess (1) patency of the sinus (patent/occluded), (2) the extent of occlusion (in centimeters), and (3) the number of collateral anastomoses close to the insertion of the meningioma. Eight patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA). All patients were operated on, and intraoperative findings were taken as the gold standard to evaluate the diagnostic value of MRA techniques. PC-MRV showed a flow void inside the sinus compatible with its occlusion in 15 cases, whereas CE-MRV showed the sinus to be occluded in five cases. CE-MRV data were confirmed by surgery, showing five patients to have an occlusion of the superior sagittal sinus. The PC-MRV sensitivity was thus 100% with a specificity of 50%. In those cases in which both MRV techniques documented occlusion of the sinus, the extent of occlusion was overestimated by PC compared with CE and surgery. CE-MRV depicted 87% of collateral venous anastomoses close to the meningioma as subsequently confirmed by surgery, while PC showed 58%. In the preoperative planning for patients with meningiomas located close to a venous sinus, CE-MRV provides additional and more reliable information concerning venous infiltration and the presence of collateral anastomoses compared with PC sequences.
    European Radiology 10/2005; 15(9):1790-6. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B.D. is a 48-year-old professional woman. She has been suffering for migraine since she was 28, but she did not have serious problems until last year, when headache episodes became more frequent and it was necessary an admission to emergency room. At the beginning, the events were about 6 per month, lasting from 2 to 4 days, beating and of high intensity together with nausea, vomit, photo and phonophobia and visual area. Looking at the anamnesis, we report a psychiatric treatment since about ten years, because of type II bipolar disorder. In spite of the psychopharmacological treatment, as the patient came in our Regional Headache Center, she talked about 7 events with aura (scintillating scotomas, emianopsia) per month, lasting 2-4 days with photo and phonophobia, nausea, crying crisis, anxiety. Although the neurological examination was normal, the sudden aggravation of pain symptomatology and the unresposiveness to usual painkillers, suggested a cerebral CT and CT-angiography. CT and CT-angiography discovered the presence of an aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA) of 4 mm diameter, with parietal irregularities. The patient was operated to reduce the hemorrhagic risk, with a positive result. One year after the operation, the patient reports a decrease of headache events with a frequency of 2 per month, lasting only a few hours, which she can now solve with COXIB.
    The Journal of Headache and Pain 05/2005; 6(2):93-6. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the main causes of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) a recent clinico-neuroradiological entity represented by characteristic MR findings of a symmetric bilateral subcortical/cortical hyperintensity in T2-weighted images, more often in parieto-occipital lobes, accompanied by clinical neurological alterations. Neuroradiological and clinical alterations are commonly completely reversible although ischemic evolution has been described. The pathophysiology is still a matter of debate. Specific magnetic resonance (MR) techniques, such as FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) and DWI (diffusion weighted images) sequences, have improved the ability to detect subcortical/cortical lesions and helped to clarify the underlying pathophysiological mechanism of cerebrovascular involvement, which results important for an appropriate therapeutic decision. CASE REPORT AND DISCUSSION: We report the MR imaging findings of three patients with eclampsia and PRES as well as a careful review of literature.
    Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 02/2005; 271(1):79-85. · 1.33 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

480 Citations
127.30 Total Impact Points


  • 1988–2012
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • • Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic Science
      • • Department of Medicine
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2005–2011
    • Sant´Andrea Hospital
      Roma, Latium, Italy
    • Sant'Andrea Medical Hospital
      Spezia, Liguria, Italy
  • 2001
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      • Dipartimento di Biopatologia e Diagnostica per Immagini
      Roma, Latium, Italy