Lucia Godini

University of Florence, Florens, Tuscany, Italy

Are you Lucia Godini?

Claim your profile

Publications (13)11.35 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels are frequently reported in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and in subjects who are overweight or with hyperlipidemia, which can be found to be associated with binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Liver functioning and psychopathological features have been evaluated in 43 patients with AN, 33 with BN, and 32 with BED. Body mass index was found to be inversely associated with AST and ALT in AN, and directly associated with AST and ALT in BED. A positive association between ALT and AST and body shape concern in AN was observed. Liver enzymes could be considered as an index of severity in AN and BED patients. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
    European Eating Disorders Review 08/2014; · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: riassunto. Introduzione. L'obiettivo principale del presente studio caso-controllo è stato quello di valutare le relazioni intercorrenti tra la psicopatologia dei disturbi del comportamento alimentare (DCA) con il differente orientamento religioso: intrinseco ed estrinseco. Metodi. Sono stati confrontati un gruppo di pazienti affetti da DCA (23 con anoressia nervosa, 10 con bulimia nervosa e 39 con disturbo d'alimentazione incontrollata) con un gruppo di controllo di soggetti sani, utilizzando la Religious Orientation Scale (ROS). Risultati. I pazienti affetti da DCA hanno mostrato punteggi più alti nella sottoscala della religiosità estrinseca e minori punteggi nella sottoscala riguardante la religiosità intrinseca rispetto ai controlli sani. Nessuna differenza significativa è stata osservata tra i gruppi di DCA in termini di punteggi ROS. Conclusioni. Punteggi più elevati riscontrati in pazienti con orientamento religioso estrinseco sembrano essere associati con la presenza di DCA, mentre un orientamento religioso di tipo intrinseco sembra rappresentare un fattore protettivo.
    Rivista di Psichiatria 05/2014; 49(3):140-4. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Weight loss surgery efficacy has been demonstrated for morbid obesity. Different outcomes have been hypothesized, according to specific bariatric surgery interventions and psychological characteristics of obese patients. The present study compared three different surgery procedures, namely laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), in terms of weight loss efficacy and psychological outcomes. Eighty-three subjects seeking bariatric surgery have been evaluated before and 12 months after surgery intervention, by means of a clinical interview and different self-reported questionnaires, including Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, Emotional Eating Scale, Binge Eating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Symptom Checklist and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. BPD group (26 subjects) showed the greatest weight loss, followed by RYGB (30 subjects), and LAGB group (27 subjects). All the treatments were associated with a significant improvement of anxiety, depression, and general psychopathology, and a similar pattern of reduction of binge eating symptomatology. BPD group reported a greater reduction of eating disorder psychopathology, compared to the other groups. Pre-treatment emotional eating severity was found to be a significant outcome modifier for the three treatment interventions. These results suggest that all the three types of bariatric surgery significantly improved psychopathology and eating disordered behaviors. They also support the importance of a pre-treatment careful psychological assessment in order to supervise the post-surgical outcome.
    Eating and weight disorders: EWD 04/2014; · 0.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the psychopathological characteristics of obese patients seeking bariatric surgery with those seeking a medical approach. A total of 394 consecutive outpatients seeking bariatric surgery were compared with 683 outpatients seeking a medical treatment. All patients were referred to the same institution. Obesity surgery patients reported higher body mass index (BMI), objective/subjective binging and more severe general psychopathology, while obesity medical patients showed more eating and body shape concerns. Depression was associated with higher BMI among obesity surgery clinic patients, whereas eating-specific psychopathology was associated with higher BMI and objective binge-eating frequency among obesity medical clinic patients. Patients seeking bariatric surgery showed different psychopathological features compared with those seeking a non-surgical approach. This suggests the importance for clinicians to consider that patients could seek bariatric surgery on the basis of the severity of the psychological distress associated with their morbid obesity, rather than criteria only based on clinical indication.
    Eating and weight disorders: EWD 09/2013; · 0.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sexual dysfunctions that affect all aspects of sexuality are common in patients with eating disorders. However, only few studies have provided longitudinal information on sexual functioning in patients with eating disorders. To evaluate the longitudinal course of sexual functioning, and how changes in psychopathology and history of childhood abuse interact with sexual functioning in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). A total of 27 patients with AN and 31 with BN were assessed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up after a standard individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Subjects were studied by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberg's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Symptom Checklist-90, and Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire. After treatment, both patients with AN and BN showed a significant improvement in the FSFI total score (P < 0.01 for both AN and BN) and all FSFI subscales, without significant between groups differences. Patients reporting childhood sexual abuse did not show a significant improvement in sexual functioning (β = 0.05; P = 0.58). Reduction in eating disorder severity was directly associated with FSFI improvement, but only in those subjects with no history of sexual abuse (β = 0.28; P = 0.01). Eating disorder-specific psychopathology could be considered as a specific maintaining factor for sexual dysfunction in eating disorders subjects. Subjects reporting a history of childhood sexual abuse represent a subpopulation of patients with a profound uneasiness, involving body perception, as well as sexual functioning, which appeared not to be adequately challenged during standard CBT intervention. The results, though original, should be considered as preliminary, given the relatively small sample size. Castellini G, Lo Sauro C, Lelli L, Godini L, Vignozzi L, Rellini AH, Faravelli C, Maggi M, and Ricca V. Childhood sexual abuse moderates the relationship between sexual functioning and eating disorder psychopathology in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: A 1-year follow-up study. J Sex Med **;**:**-**.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 06/2013; · 3.51 Impact Factor
  • Rivista di Psichiatria 01/2013; 48(5):400-405. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stressful life events and dysfunctional Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety disorders. This paper attempts to review the existing literature on childhood traumata, recent life events, HPA axis functioning and their relationship in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Social Phobia. Preclinical and clinical models will be analyzed. Stressful life events seem to have a role in the onset and in the course of these disorders and HPA axis abnormalities have been reported in almost all anxiety disorders. The hypothesis that early stressful life events may provoke alterations of the stress response and thus of the HPA axis, that can endure during adulthood, predisposing individuals to develop psychopathology, will be evaluated.
    Current pharmaceutical design 05/2012; · 4.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anxiety disorders are among the most common of all mental disorders and their pathogenesis is a major topic in psychiatry, both for prevention and treatment. Early stressful life events and alterations of hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis function seem to have a significant role in the onset of anxiety. Existing data appear to support the mediating effect of the HPA axis between childhood traumata and posttraumatic stress disorder. Findings on the HPA axis activity at baseline and after stimuli in panic disordered patients are inconclusive, even if stressful life events may have a triggering function in the development of this disorder. Data on the relationship between stress, HPA axis functioning and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are scarce and discordant, but an increased activity of the HPA axis is reported in OCD patients. Moreover, normal basal cortisol levels and hyper-responsiveness of the adrenal cortex during a psychosocial stressor are observed in social phobics. Finally, abnormal HPA axis activity has also been observed in generalized anxiety disordered patients. While several hypothesis have attempted to explain these findings over time, currently the most widely accepted theory is that early stressful life events may provoke alterations of the stress response and thus of the HPA axis, that can endure during adulthood, predisposing individuals to develop psychopathology. All theories are reviewed and the authors conclude that childhood life events and HPA abnormalities may be specifically and transnosographically related to all anxiety disorders, as well as, more broadly, to all psychiatric disorders.
    World journal of psychiatry. 02/2012; 2(1):13-25.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe night eating syndrome (NES) is a disorder that has been the object of interest in the scientific community only in recent years. For this reason, there are no universally accepted diagnostic criteria for this syndrome, and data in the literature on NES are often discordant. We conducted a critical review of the literature, which focused on the epidemiologic, psychopathological, and clinical features of NES, in order to provide a systematic analysis of the most relevant data in the field.
    Lancet.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) represents one of the most frequent psychiatric disorders. The results of a systematic review of the literature published until January 2010 on the neurobiology of SAD are reported, giving prominence to functional neuroimaging (fNI) findings. A literature search of neuroimaging and neurobiology studies of SAD was conducted on PubMed and Medline electronic archives and by canvassing English-language and other European languages publications. Eligible studies were restricted to those on adult population (age 16 to 65) and using DSM and ICD criteria. The 19 reviewed fNI studies on SAD agree in identifying a dysfunction of five main cerebral areas: the amygdala, the medial prefrontal cortex, the insula, the hippocampus and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Those findings strongly suggest the presence, in this disorder, of functional alterations in the neural systems involved in the genesis of fear, in the processing of emotional stimuli, in the "self" perception and in the evaluation of others' intentions. Neurobiology research on SAD is still relatively young and, up to today, available findings are still not exhaustive. Nonetheless, a growing evidence from different lines of research seems to suggest that SAD patients may present a distinct biologic background compared to control subjects. Until now, however, no specific neurobiological aspect has been proposed for the SAD only. Per contra, results from fNI studies seem to indicate the presence of a common pattern of neural dysfunction in all the major anxiety disorders.
    Rivista di Psichiatria 45(6):349-60. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to explore the sexual functioning of an Eating Disorders (ED) sample composed by Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) patients. 98 patients (AN: 23; BN: 14; EDNOS: 61) have been compared with 88 health subjects. All participants have filled in the following questionnaires: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Eating Disorders Examination (EDE-q), Binge Eating Scale (BES), Emotional Empathy Scale (EES). For the evaluation of the sexual activity Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was applied. 67 patients (68.4%) and 80 healthy controls (90.9%) reported a sexual activity with a partner or masturbation in the four latest weeks. Only one healthy control (1.1%) reported masturbation and 79 (89.8%) controls showed sexual activity with a partner, on the contrary 11 patients (11.2) reported masturbation and 56 (57.1%) patients showed sexual activity with a partner. Moreover patients showed higher scores on every FSFI subscales. No significant differences were observed between AN, BN and BED in terms of FSFI scores. Women with ED show a lower sexual activity with a partner, a six-fold increase in the risk of sexual dysfunction and an higher frequency of masturbation as the only sexual activity when compared with healthy controls. The cognitive distraction produced by the discomfort to show own body during a sexual intercourse with the partner may explain our results.
    Rivista di Psichiatria 46(2):122-8. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In children, adolescents and subjects with intellectual disability (ID), psychotropic drugs are being used in large and increasing quantities. The aim of this article is to review efficacy and safety evidences of psychotropic drugs use in the above-mentioned patients. A literature search on this argument was conducted on Medline electronic archives encompassing english-language and other languages publications. In children, adolescents and subjects with ID, the use of antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers, besides being effective for indications in psychiatric disorders of adults without ID, is proved to have good clinical efficacy in disorders which are characteristic of such patients categories, such as pervasive developmental disorders, disruptive behavior disorders and problem behaviours. In both patients populations non-medication based strategies should be considered first. The adverse effects profiles of psychotropic drugs administered in children, adolescents and subjects with ID seems to be different from the ones registered in adults without ID, thus particular caution and precautions are recommended. Given the paucity of data (especially in the long term) and the metodological limitations of currently available researches, more studies are needed to develop scientific evidences able to guide practitioners in the use of psychotropic medications among childhood, adolescence and ID.
    Rivista di Psichiatria 46(1):1-17. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. In the study of the relationship between sexuality and psychopathology, female sexual functioning appears to be relatively poorly explored. In addition, most studies have been conducted on clinical samples, so that the question of whether non-clinically relevant psychopathological symptoms may have a negative impact on women's sexual response still remains unanswered. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of psychopathology on specific phases of sexual functioning (desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction) and pain in a sample of young women without psychiatric case history. Methods. Two questionnaires were administered to a sample of female students in Psychology of the University of Florence (n=75): the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) to evaluate psychic distress and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) for data collection on sexual functioning. Results. 44 questionnaires were valid. The dimensions of SCL-90 explain a relatively high percentage of variance of the global severity index of sexuality (R²=0.49); significant predictors were: somatization (Beta=-0.75), depression (Beta=-0.89), anxiety (Beta=-0.79), and hostility (Beta=-0.48). The same variables were significant predictors, though at a lesser extent, for all the single dimensions of sexuality, with the exception of pain, on which only hostility had a significant correlation (Beta=-0.55). Conclusions. Although the small size and the peculiar characteristics of the sample do not allow to extrapolate the results, the findings of this study show that psychopathological dimensions can affect female sexual functioning at subclinical level in the absence of the confounding effect of drug therapy.
    Rivista di psichiatria. 48(5):400-5.