[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined association of inducible myocardial perfusion defects with cardiorenal biomarkers, and of diminished left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with kidney injury marker plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). Patients undergoing nuclear myocardial perfusion stress imaging were divided into 2 groups. Biomarkers were analyzed pre- and poststress testing. Compared to the patients in the low ischemia group (n = 16), the patients in the high ischemia group (n = 18) demonstrated a significantly greater rise in cardiac biomarkers plasma BNP, NT-proBNP and cTnI. Subjects were also categorized based on pre- or poststress test detectable plasma NGAL. With stress, the group with no detectable NGAL had a segmental defect score 4.2 compared to 8.2 (P = .06) in the detectable NGAL group, and 0.9 vs. 3.8 (P = .03) at rest. BNP rose with stress to a greater degree in patients with detectable NGAL (10.2 vs. 3.5 pg/mL, P = .03). LVEF at rest and with stress was significantly lower in the detectable NGAL group; 55.8 versus 65.0 (P = .03) and 55.1 vs. 63.8 (P = .04), respectively. Myocardial perfusion defects associate with biomarkers of cardiac stress, and detectable plasma NGAL with significantly lower LVEF, suggesting a specific heart-kidney link.
International journal of nephrology. 01/2011; 2011:425923.