Publications (2)1.83 Total impact
Article: [Protective effect of TGF-beta-Smads signal-based oxymatrine on myocardial fibrosis induced by acute myocardial infarction in rats].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the protective effect of oxymatrine (OMT) on myocardial fibrosis induced by acute myocardial infarction in rats and its effect on TGF-beta-Smads signal pathway. Arteria coronaria ligation-induced acute myocardial infarction model was established in rats. The survived rats were randomly allotted into the model group, 50, 25, 12.5 mg x kg(-1) OMT groups, the 50 mg x kg(-1) captopril group, and the Sham-operated group which was treated as the model group without the arteria coranaria ligation. After 8 weeks of ligation, myocardial fibrosis was detected by HE and Masson staining, and the RT-PCR method were used to detect the expression of mRNA of TGF-beta-Smads signal system. The histopathological examination showed decrease in cardiocytes, deposition of extra-cellular matrix, and increase of collagen contents after 8 weeks of ligation. RT-PCR results showed that mRNA expressions of TGF-beta1, TbetaR1, Smad2, Smad3 and Smad4 significantly increased, but mRNA expression of Smad7 is remarkable lower than the sham-operated group. Treatment with OMT for 8 weeks could remarkably inhibit myocardial fibrosis, decrease mRNA expressions of TGF-beta1, TbetaR1, Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4, and increase mRNA expressions of Smad7. OMT has the inhibitory effect on the experimental myocardial fibrosis induced by AMI in rats. Its mechanism may be closely related to TGF-beta-Smads signal system.Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 03/2012; 37(5):632-6.
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ABSTRACT: Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone), a natural anthraquinone compound isolated from the rhizome of rhubarb, has been reported to treat brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage. Treatment of neurons with emodin is able to decrease glutamate excitotoxicity, modulate calcium homeostasis, and induce Bcl-2 expression. However, the effects of emodin on the brain-resident innate immune cells are unclear. In the present study, the mouse microglial cell line, BV-2, was selected to investigate the effects of emodin on microglial activation and apoptosis. Cell viability and apoptosis were sequentially measured with the CellTiter-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay, YOPRO-1 and Caspase-Glo 3/7 Assay Systems. The degree of microglial activation was evaluated using quantitative RT-PCR to measure expression of inflammatory markers. Treatment of BV-2 cells with emodin caused caspase-mediated apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, and emodin augmented LPS-induced microglial apoptosis to repress inflammatory activation. In response to emodin treatment, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was increased, and TRB3 was markedly activated. siRNA knockdown of TRB3 attenuated emodin-induced microglial apoptosis. Ectopic overexpression of TRB3 decreased cell viability and was associated with dysregulation of the prosurvival Akt/FOXO3 pathway. These results demonstrate that emodin induces BV-2 cell apoptosis through TRB3 and consequently eliminates inflammatory microglia. Our findings provide a novel molecular basis through which emodin exerts neuroprotective effects, treating brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage.Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 01/2011; 33(4):594-602. · 1.83 Impact Factor