[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Present study was conducted to find out the relationship between serum biochemical profile and postpartum metritis. Mainly serum glucose, total protein, albumin, albumin globulin ratio, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and calcium were studied. Colorimetric method was used for quantitative estimation of biochemical profile. Twenty-seven animals with recent history of calving and subsequent metritis were included in the study. On analysis, serum glucose was found to be 22.3 ± 2.18 mg/dl, total protein 6.1 ± 0.51 g/dl, albumin 2.8 ± 0.29 g/dl, BUN 27 ± 0.19 mg/dl, creatinine 1.8 ± 0.13 mg/dl and calcium was 7.0 ± 0.43 mg/dl. On comparison of this result with normal values it was found that glucose and calcium was below the normal level and albumin fraction was less than the globulin. It was concluded that in postpartum metritis, cattle exhibit hypocalcaemia, hypoglycaemia and reduced globulin fraction, whereas total protein, albumin, BUN and creatinine did not exhibit much variation. Ketone bodies were present in urine of 90% of tested animals. [Vet. World 2009; 2(1.000): 27-28]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over centuries animal breeding practices were performed to improve the genetic potential of animals and to introduce new traits, through genetic selection. But the number of gene combinations achieved through this process has limitations, since breeding is only possible between animals of same or closely related species. Transgenesis is a revolutionary technology which introduces new genes to a species, which belong to an entirely different species. The chemical combination of DNA is same in all eukaryotic species. Theoretically genes can be transferred between any species. So the resulting species will be having the desired characteristics of another species. Result of human genome project and other similar projects to reveal the genetic code has opened new arenas in medical research in combination with transgenics.