Kristin M Kolltveit

University of Oslo, Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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Publications (8)18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The multifunctional T-cell-specific adapter protein (TSAd) was originally described in T cells but is also expressed in epithelial cells from the respiratory tract and in endothelium. In this study, we found expression of TSAd messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in both human and murine oral mucosal epithelium as well as in human primary oral keratinocyte cell cultures. In TSAd(-/-) mice, the mucosa and skin appeared macroscopically normal, but severe disturbances were observed in the fine structures of the basal membrane and intercellular epithelial spaces upon analysis using transmission electron microscopy. Oral epithelial cells from TSAd(-/-) mice displayed decreased migration compared with cells from wild-type mice, whereas overexpression of TSAd in a human epithelial cell line resulted in impaired proliferation. This study is the first to show that TSAd is expressed in normal oral mucosa, that it is important for the normal ultrastructural morphology of the epithelium and the basal membrane, and that it is involved in the migration and proliferation of oral keratinocytes.
    European Journal Of Oral Sciences 04/2010; 118(2):159-67. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the expression, in oral keratinocytes and in the major and minor salivary glands, of Trefoil factor family 3 (TFF3) peptide. Trefoil factor family 3 messenger RNA (mRNA) and peptide were detected in cultures of normal oral keratinocytes by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blotting, respectively. Trefoil factor family 3 was found, by immunohistochemical analyses, to be expressed in the basal layers of the oral mucosal epithelium. In salivary glands, immunohistochemical staining showed that TFF3 peptide expression was strongest in the mucous acini of the submandibular and the small salivary glands. Serous cells in the same glands showed weak staining. In the parotid gland, many serous acini showed weak positive staining, while other areas did not. In all glands examined, the intercalated, striated, and collecting ducts were moderately TFF3-positive. Double immunostaining confirmed that mucous (MUC5B positive) cells were moderately or strongly positive for TFF3 and that some serous (MUC7 positive) cells showed restricted TFF3 expression, mostly in a granular pattern. The prevalence of the TFF3 peptide in the salivary secretions of healthy volunteers was detected by western blotting of saliva from minor salivary glands (four of five) and the parotid gland (one of five) and of mixed submandibular/sublingual saliva (five of five). In conclusion, the submandibular and small salivary glands appear to be the major producers of oral TFF3, but duct cells of all glands and keratinocytes of the oral mucosa may also contribute as sources of TFF3 in the oral cavity.
    European Journal Of Oral Sciences 12/2009; 117(6):636-43. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trefoil factor family 3 (TFF3) is secreted in saliva. The peptide improves the mechanical and chemical resistance of mucins, and it may act as a motility signal for oral keratinocytes during wound healing. This study aimed to identify novel functions of TFF3 in oral keratinocytes. To achieve this, we used phosphoprotein and messenger RNA (mRNA) arrays to compare TFF3-treated and untreated oral keratinocytes. Analysis of the phosphoprotein array indicated that TFF3 signals through the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), and through the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) pathway. Microarray analysis of mRNA showed that TFF3 stimulation induced changes in the expression of genes functionally related to cell death/survival, cell growth and proliferation, and cell movement. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results indicated that the transcription of some immediate-early genes (IEGs) was downregulated, whereas the IEGs FBJ osteosarkoma oncogene (FOS) and C-MYC binding protein (MYCBP2) were transiently upregulated by TFF3 stimulation. Together, the results of the arrays indicate that TFF3 is a modifying factor in pathways regulating cell survival, cell growth and proliferation, and cell migration of oral keratinocytes. Trefoil factor family 3 may therefore promote oral wound healing and it should be considered for the treatment of oral ulcerating diseases, or of other diseases.
    European Journal Of Oral Sciences 10/2009; 117(5):511-7. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The T-cell specific adapter protein (TSAd) encoded by the SH2D2A gene is up-regulated in activated human CD4+ T-cells in a cAMP-dependent manner. Expression of SH2D2A is important for proper activation of T-cells. Here, we show that SH2D2A expression is regulated both at the transcriptional and translational level. cAMP signaling alone induces TSAd-mRNA expression but fails to induce increased TSAd protein levels. By contrast, TCR engagement provides signals for both TSAd transcription and translation. We further show that cAMP signaling can prime T-cells for a more prompt expression of TSAd protein upon TCR stimulation. Our study thus points to a novel mechanism for how cAMP signaling may modulate T-cell activation through transcriptional priming of resting cells.
    Molecular Immunology 05/2008; 45(8):2380-90. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is a member of the mammalian TFF family. Trefoil factors are secreted onto mucosal surfaces of the entire body and exert different effects according to tissue location. Trefoil factors may enhance mucosal healing by modulating motogenic activity, inhibiting apoptosis, and promoting angiogenesis. Trefoil factor 3 is secreted from the submandibular gland and is present in whole saliva. The aim of this study was to assess the migratory and proliferative effects of TFF3 on primary oral human keratinocytes and oral cancer cell lines. The addition of TFF3 increased the migration of both normal oral keratinocytes and the cancer cell line D12, as evaluated by a two-dimensional scratch assay. By contrast, no increase in proliferation or energy metabolism was observed after stimulation with TFF3. Trefoil factor 3-enhanced migration was found to be driven partly by the extracellular signal-related kinase (Erk1/2) pathway, as shown by addition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor PD 98059. Previous functional studies on trefoil peptides have all been based on cells from monolayered epithelium like the intestinal mucosa; this is the first report to show that normal and cancerous keratinocytes from stratified epithelium respond to TFF stimuli. Taken together, salivary TFF3 is likely to contribute to oral wound healing.
    European Journal Of Oral Sciences 05/2008; 116(2):135-40. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a matter of a few days the murine tooth germ develops into a complex, mineralized, structure. Murine 30K microarrays were used to examine gene expression in the mandibular first molar tooth germs isolated at 15.5dpc and at 2DPN. Microarray results were validated using real-time RT-PCR. The results suggested that only 25 genes (3 without known functions) exhibited significantly higher expression at 15.5dpc compared to 2DPN. In contrast, almost 1400 genes exhibited significantly (P<0.015) higher expression at 2DPN compared to 15.5dpc, about half of which were genes with unknown functions. More than 50 of the 783 known genes exhibited higher than 10-fold increase in expression at 2DPN, amongst these were genes coding for enamel matrix proteins which were expressed several 100-fold higher at 2DPN. GO and KEGG analysis showed highly significant associations between families of the 783 known genes and cellular functions relating to energy metabolism, protein metabolism, regulation of cell division, cell growth and apoptosis. The use of bioinformatics analysis therefore yielded a functional profile in agreement with known differences in tissue morphology and cellular composition between these two stages. Such data is therefore useful in directing attention towards genes, or cellular activities, which likely are worthy of further studies as regards their involvement in odontogenesis.
    Archives of Oral Biology 10/2007; 52(9):803-13. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The activation induced T cell specific adapter protein (TSAd), encoded by SH2D2A, interacts with and modulates Lck activity. Several transcript variants of TSAd mRNA exist, but their biological significance remains unknown. Here we examined expression of SH2D2A transcripts in activated CD4+ T cells and used the SH2D2A variants as tools to identify functionally important regions of TSAd. TSAd was found to interact with Lck in human CD4+ T cells ex vivo. Three interaction modes of TSAd with Lck were identified. TSAd aa239-256 conferred binding to the Lck-SH3 domain, whereas one or more of the four tyrosines within aa239-334 encoded by SH2D2A exon 7 was found to confer interaction with the Lck-SH2-domain. Finally the TSAd-SH2 domain was found to interact with Lck. The SH2D2A exon 7 encoding TSAd aa 239-334 was found to harbour information essential not only for TSAd interaction with Lck, but also for TSAd modulation of Lck activity and translocation of TSAd to the nucleus. All five SH2D2A transcripts were found to be expressed in CD3 stimulated CD4+ T cells. These data show that TSAd and Lck may interact through several different domains and that Lck TSAd interaction occurs in CD4+ T cells ex vivo. Alternative splicing of exon 7 encoding aa239-334 results in loss of the majority of protein interaction motives of TSAd and yields truncated TSAd molecules with altered ability to modulate Lck activity. Whether TSAd is regulated through differential alternative splicing of the SH2D2A transcript remains to be determined.
    BMC Immunology 02/2006; 7:15. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The SH2D2A gene, encoding the T cell-specific adapter protein (TSAd), is rapidly induced in activated T cells. In this study we investigate the regulation of the SH2D2A gene in Jurkat T cells and in primary T cells. Reporter gene assays demonstrated that the proximal 1-kb SH2D2A promoter was constitutively active in Jurkat TAg T cells and, to a lesser extent, in K562 myeloid cells, Reh B cells, and 293T fibroblast cells. The minimal SH2D2A promoter was located between position -236 and -93 bp from the first coding ATG, and transcriptional activity in primary T cells depended on a cAMP response element (CRE) centered around position -117. Nuclear extracts from Jurkat TAg cells and activated primary T cells contained binding activity to this CRE, as observed in an EMSA. Consistent with this observation, we found that a cAMP analog was a very potent inducer of SH2D2A mRNA expression in primary T cells as measured by real-time RT-PCR. Furthermore, activation of SH2D2A expression by CD3 stimulation required cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity. Thus, transcriptional regulation of the SH2D2A gene in activated T cells is critically dependent on a CRE in the proximal promoter region.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2004; 172(10):6144-51. · 5.52 Impact Factor