ABSTRACT: GPS radio occultation (RO) has been recognized as an alternative atmospheric upper air observation technique due to its distinct features and technological merits. This technique is best used for meteorological studies in remote and/or difficult-to-access areas such as the Polar Regions. The CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) space mission has provided about eight years of high quality global coverage atmospheric profiles. This study first evaluates the accuracy of CHAMP RO retrieved temperature profiles in the Antarctic region by using radiosonde data. Different collocation criteria have been applied. The overall results show a good agreement between the two data sets. Utilizing seven completed years of CHAMP temperature profiles, the study then investigates seasonal temperature trends at 100 hPa and 500 hPa pressure levels in the Antarctic region. Detailed temperature variations in both spatial and temporal domains are revealed and their implications for climate change are discussed.
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions. 01/2011;