ABSTRACT: Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel technique providing accurate assessment of myocardial function. However, its value in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (WG) has not been studied.
To assess the presence and frequency of systolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction using STE and to determine incremental value of STE over standard echocardiography to detect myocardial abnormalities in WG.
Twenty-two WG patients (11 males, 11 females, mean age 46.8 ± 12.3 years) and 22 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects underwent standard and STE. Global longitudinal, circumferential, and rotational deformation parameters were calculated.
All patients had LV ejection fraction (EF) >50%. LVEF was 65.0 ± 7.5% and LV end-diastolic volume index 44.8 ± 11.8 mL/m(2) . Regional LV wall motion abnormalities were found in 7 (32%), while abnormal global STE determined systolic dysfunction in 16 (73%) subjects (P = 0.008). Global longitudinal, circumferential and radial peak-systolic deformational parameters (strain or strain rate) were decreased in 11 (50%), 9 (41%), and 3 (14%) patients (P = 0.02), respectively. Comparing patients with abnormal and normal STE derived global systolic function, the former had higher cumulative disease extent index (10.6 ± 3.0 vs 7.5 ± 1.8; P = 0.03) and vasculitis damage index (7.9 ± 1.9 vs 6.0 ± 1.7; P = 0.04).
Despite normal LVEF the global systolic LV abnormalities detected by STE are common in WG. They correspond to the extent and severity of WG and are more frequent than regional wall motion abnormalities in standard echocardiography.
Echocardiography 04/2012; 29(7):803-9. · 1.24 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Heart is frequently involved in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). However, the mechanics of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in CSS has not been studied.
To assess the mechanics of LV function and to characterize the contribution of longitudinal, circumferential and rotational deformation to LV dysfunction in CSS.
We enrolled 22 CSS patients (eight males, mean age 43.2 ± 9.5 years) in remission of their disease and 22 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects. All patients underwent conventional and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Global longitudinal, circumferential and rotational deformation parameters were calculated.
CSS subjects demonstrated lower LV ejection fraction (EF) than controls (56.6 ± 15.0% vs 63.8 ± 3.4%; P < 0.05). When compared to those with LVEF ≥ 50% (n = 14), CSS patients with LVEF < 50% (n = 7) had decreased global peak-systolic longitudinal and circumferential strain/strain rate (all P < 0.001) and tended to have lower global peak-systolic radial strain (P = 0.05). There were no differences between these two subgroups in global peak-systolic radial strain rate and LV twist/torsion. When comparing individual systolic and diastolic parameters early diastolic longitudinal and circumferential strain rate demonstrated the highest correlation with corresponding global longitudinal and circumferential peak-systolic strain/strain rate (r < -0.80, P < 0.001 for all correlations).
In CSS LV systolic dysfunction strongly correlates with longitudinal and circumferential, but not radial or rotational systolic components, indicating that impaired LV systolic function may result predominantly from impaired contraction of inner and middle, but not outer myocardial fiber layers. The spatial correspondence between systolic and diastolic deformation parameters suggests the similar impact of pathologic process on systolic and diastolic function in CSS.
Echocardiography 02/2012; 29(5):568-78. · 1.24 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) provides accurate noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, data on the prognostic value of CTCA in patients with suspected CAD are only beginning to emerge. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of CTCA in patients with suspected CAD. Patients (males = 259, females = 235; mean age 58.2 ± 9.8 years) with suspected CAD who underwent 16- or 64-slice CTCA were followed for 1,308 ± 318 days for cardiac death, nonfatal myocaridal infarction (MI) and late (>90 days after CTCA) revascularization. Patient outcomes were related to clinical and CTCA data. Cox proportional-hazards model was applied in stepwise forward fashion to identify outcome predictors. Coronary artery plaque was found in 340 patients. Cardiac events occurred in 40 patients including cardiac death (n = 9), nonfatal MI (n = 8) and late revascularization (n = 23). A multivariable analysis identified the following independent predictors for adverse cardiac events: obstructive plaque in a proximal coronary artery segment (hazard ratio (HR) 2.73; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.35-5.54; P = 0.005), the number of segments with noncalcified plaque(s) (HR 1.53 per segment; 95%CI: 1.21-1.92; P < 0.001), the number of segments with mixed plaque(s) (HR 1.56 per segment; 95%CI: 1.27-1.92; P < 0.001) and the number of segments with calcified plaque(s) (HR 1.21 per segment; 95%CI: 1.07-1.37; P = 0.002). In patients with suspected CAD, both the extent and composition of atherosclerotic plaque as determined by CTCA are prognostic of subsequent cardiac events.
The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 03/2011; 28(3):621-31. · 2.15 Impact Factor