ABSTRACT: Aim: The enzyme Cytochrome P450 2W1 (CYP2W1) is found in fetal colon tissue and is also detected in colorectal cancer but not in non-transformed tissue. In a pilot study, we reported that the immunohistochemically-detected expression of CYP2W1 might be of prognostic value since high expression of CYP2W1 was indicative of a worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to validate the pilot study's results using a larger, independent group of patients with colon cancer.
Immunohistochemical detection of CYP2W1 in 235 malignant colon tumors of stage II and III, was carried out using a polyclonal antibody. Grading of staining was carried out by two independent readers. The highest grade that involved more than 5% of the tumor area on each slide was used for the classification of CYP2W1 expression.
CYP2W1 was expressed at high levels in 30% of the tumors. In the entire colon cancer group it was an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (p=0.04), where high expression (grade 3) correlated with worse outcome. CYP2W1 expression was an independent prognostic factor in the subgroup of patients with colon cancer stage III (p=0.003), but not for those with stage II. In 107 cases, two slices from different areas of the same tumor were available, and no significant difference in CYP2W1 expression between the slices was observed (r=0.53, p<0.001).
The results of the current study were in agreement with those of the previous pilot study and show that higher expression of CYP2W1 seems to be of prognostic value in colon cancer. Furthermore, we found equal expression in slices from two different areas of the same tumor. Since the CYP2W1 enzyme has been shown to catalytically activate compounds to cytotoxic products, the enzyme might be used as a novel drug target for the treatment of colon cancer.
Anticancer research 09/2012; 32(9):3869-74. · 1.73 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Cervical carcinoma is the only gynecological tumor still being staged mainly by clinical examination and only a limited use of diagnostic radiology. Cross sectional imaging is increasingly used as an aid in the staging procedure. We wanted to assess the impact of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in addition to the clinical staging of patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
A retrospective single-centre analysis of 183 women referred to a tertiary referral centre for gynecological tumors (≤ 65 years old) with cervical cancer diagnosed between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2006 who have undergone an MRI investigation before start of treatment. Patient records were retrospectively reviewed and any change of the planned treatment after the MRI examination was noted.
In patients with cervical carcinoma FIGO stage Ia2-IIa treated surgically, the treatment plan was altered due to MRI results in 10/125 patients. In the smaller group of patients with clinically more advanced disease receiving radio-chemotherapy, the treatment plan was altered in 12/58 patients. Reasons for changing the treatment plan after MRI were findings indicating a higher (n = 8) or lower (n = 5) local tumor stage, findings of para aortic nodal disease (n = 4) or difficulty to clinically examine the patient due to obesity (n = 2). MRI was also an aid in deciding whether or not to offer fertility preserving treatment in three cases.
The use of MRI affects treatment planning in patients with cancer of the uterine cervix. The impact is more obvious in more advanced stages of disease and in patients who are difficult to examine clinically due to, for example body constitution. The result of MRI is also an aid in deciding whether or not a fertility preserving operation is feasible.
Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 12/2010; 50(3):420-6. · 2.27 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are important for drug metabolism. A novel cytochrome P450 enzyme, CYP2W1, has recently been identified. This enzyme is mainly found in foetal colon tissue and in tumour tissue. In this pilot study, we have investigated the expression of CYP2W1 in 162 tumours from patients with stages II and III colorectal cancer.
The expression of CYP2W1 enzyme was immunohistochemically detected using a polyclonal antibody. Staining intensity was defined using a visual grading scale from 0 to 3. Grades 0-2 were classified as low, and grade 3 was classified as high expression of CYP2W1.
About 64% of the tumours expressed a low level of CYP2W1-expression, and 36% expressed a high level. CYP2W1-expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (p=0.007), where a high expression was associated with a worse clinical outcome.
Immunohistochemically assessed expression of CYP2W1 is an independent prognostic factor in patients with stages II and III colorectal cancer.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 01/2009; 45(4):705-12. · 4.12 Impact Factor