Publications (3)5.23 Total impact
Article: Differential effects of undernourishment on the differentiation and maturation of rat enteric neurons.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The colocalization, number, and size of various classes of enteric neurons immunoreactive (IR) for the purinergic P2X2 and P2X7 receptors (P2X2R, P2X7R) were analyzed in the myenteric and submucosal plexuses of control, undernourished, and re-fed rats. Pregnant rats were exposed to undernourishment (protein-deprivation) or fed a control diet, and their offspring comprised the following experimental groups: rats exposed to a normal diet throughout gestation until postnatal day (P)42, rats protein-deprived throughout gestation and until P42, and rats protein-deprived throughout gestation until P21 and then given a normal diet until P42. Immunohistochemistry was performed on the myenteric and submucosal plexuses to evaluate immunoreactivity for P2X2R, P2X7R, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), calbindin, and calretinin. Double-immunohistochemistry of the myenteric and submucosal plexuses demonstrated that 100% of NOS-IR, calbindin-IR, calretinin-IR, and ChAT-IR neurons in all groups also expressed P2X2R and P2X7R. Neuronal density increased in the myenteric and submucosal plexuses of undernourished rats compared with controls. The average size (profile area) of some types of neurons in the myenteric and submucosal plexuses was smaller in the undernourished than in the control animals. These changes appeared to be reversible, as animals initially undernourished but then fed a normal diet at P21 (re-feeding) were similar to controls. Thus, P2X2R and P2X7R are present in NOS-positive inhibitory neurons, calbindin- and calretinin-positive intrinsic primary afferent neurons, cholinergic secretomotor neurons, and vasomotor neurons in rats. Alterations in these neurons during undernourishment are reversible following re-feeding.Cell and Tissue Research 05/2013; · 3.11 Impact Factor
Article: Effects of ischemia and reperfusion on P2X2 receptor expressing neurons of the rat ileum enteric nervous system.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of ischemia/reperfusion in the intestine (I/R-i) on purine receptor P2X2-immunoreactive (IR) neurons of the rat ileum. The superior mesenteric artery was occluded for 45 min with an atraumatic vascular clamp and animals were sacrificed 4 h later. Neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexuses were evaluated for immunoreactivity against the P2X2 receptor, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), choline acetyl transferase (ChAT), calbindin, and calretinin. Following I/R-i, we observed a decrease in P2X2 receptor immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm and surface membranes of neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexuses. These studies also revealed an absence of calbindin-positive neurons in the I/R-i group. In addition, the colocalization of the P2X2 receptor with NOS, ChAT, and calretinin immunoreactivity in the myenteric plexus was decreased following I/R-i. Likewise, the colocalization between P2X2 and calretinin in neurons of the submucosal plexus was also reduced. In the I/R-i group, there was a 55.8% decrease in the density of neurons immunoreactive (IR) for the P2X2 receptor, a 26.4% reduction in NOS-IR neuron, a 25% reduction in ChAT-IR neuron, and a 47% reduction in calretinin-IR neuron. The density of P2X2 receptor and calretinin-IR neurons also decreased in the submucosal plexus of the I/R-i group. In the myenteric plexus, P2X2-IR, NOS-IR, ChAT-IR and calretinin-IR neurons were reduced in size by 50%, 49.7%, 42%, and 33%, respectively, in the I/R-i group; in the submucosal plexus, P2X2-IR and calretinin-IR neurons were reduced in size by 56% and 72.6%, respectively. These data demonstrate that ischemia/reperfusion of the intestine affects the expression of the P2X2 receptor in neurons of the myenteric and submucosal plexus, as well as density and size of neurons in this population. Our findings indicate that I/R-i induces changes in P2X2-IR enteric neurons that could result in alterations in intestinal motility.Digestive Diseases and Sciences 03/2011; 56(8):2262-75. · 2.12 Impact Factor
Article: Study of the P2X7 receptor in neurons of the ileum of rats subjected to intestinal ischemia with reperfusion.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abdominal pain may be consequent to numerous causes, among the various possibilities need to be attentive to intestinal ischemia. In the digestive tract the intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R-i) causes morphological changes in enteric neurons. The aim of the work was to analyze the behavior of different neurons and P2X7 receptor in the myenteric plexus of the ileum of rats subjected to I/R-i. Intestinal ischemia was obtained by the obstruction of blood flow in the ileal arteries period of 35 minutes followed by reperfusion periods of 6, 24, 72 hours and 1 week. In the sham group there was no occlusion of the ileal arteries. The tissues were prepared by immunohistochemical methods for double staining of P2X7 receptor with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), calbindin, calretinin and acetylcholine transferase (ChAT) and P2X7 receptor, the nNOS and ChAT with pan-neuronal marker anti-HuC/D The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the counting of double staining, the neuronal density and the area of the cell body profile were obtained from fluorescence microscopy and confocal scanning laser. The qualitative results showed decreased expression of the P2X7 receptor in I/R-i for 24 hours group and return the expression in I/R-i for 72 hours and 1 week groups. The quantitative data showed: a) neurons in the myenteric plexus were immunoreactive for P2X7 receptor; b) no significant changes in the double staining of P2X7 receptor with nNOS, calretinin, calbindin and ChAT neurons in the sham and I/R-i groups; c) does not significant changes in the double staining of the P2X7 receptor, the nNOS and ChAT neurons with the pan-neuronal marker anti-HuC/D in sham and I/R-i groups; d) the densities of the P2X7 receptor, nNOS-IR, calretinin-IR, calbindin-IR, ChAT-IR and anti-HuC/D-IR neurons were decreased in I/R-i 6, 24, 72 hours and 1 week groups, when compared to sham group; e) the profile area was increased in nNOS-IR neurons in the I/R-i for 6 and 24 hours groups, ChAT-IR neurons in I/R-i 1 week group and in the calretinin-IR neurons there was a decrease in I/R-i 6 hours group and an increase in I/R-i for 24 hours group when compared to sham group. The present study demonstrated that I/R-i is associated with significant loss of different subpopulations of neurons in the myenteric plexus accompanied by several morphological changes, which can cause intestinal motility disorder. Dor abdominal pode ser consequente a inúmeras causas, entre as várias possibilidades precisamos ficar atentos aos quadros de isquemia intestinal. No trato digestório a isquemia/reperfusão intestinal (I/R-i) acarreta alterações morfológicas nos neurônios entéricos. Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o comportamento das diferentes classes neuronais e do receptor P2X7 no plexo mioentérico do íleo de ratos Wistar submetidos à I/R-i. A isquemia intestinal foi obtida pela obstrução do fluxo sanguíneo das artérias ileais no período de 35 minutos, seguida pelos períodos de reperfusão de 6, 24, 72 horas e 1 semana. No grupo sham não houve a oclusão das artérias ileais. Os tecidos foram preparados por métodos imunohistoquímicos de duplas marcações do receptor P2X7 com a Óxido Nítrico Sintase neuronal (NOSn), calbindina (Calb), calretinina (Calr) e Acetilcolina Transferase (ChAT) e do receptor P2X7, da NOSn e da ChAT com o pan-neuronal anti-HuC/D. As análises qualitativas e quantitativas das contagens das duplas marcações, das densidades neuronais e da área dos perfis foram obtidas dos microscópios de fluorescência e de Confocal de Varredura à Laser. Os resultados qualitativos demonstraram diminuição da expressão do receptor P2X7 no grupo I/R-i de 24 horas e retorno da expressão nos grupos I/R-i de 72 horas e 1 semana. Os dados quantitativos demonstraram: a) os neurônios do plexo mioentérico foram imunorreativos ao receptor P2X7; b) não houve alterações significativas nas duplas marcações do receptor P2X7 com os neurônios NOSn-ir, Calr-ir, Calb-ir e ChAT-ir nos grupos sham e I/R-i; c) não houve alterações significativas nas duplas marcações do receptor P2X7, e dos neurônios NOSn-ir e ChAT-ir com o pan-neuronal anti-HuC/D nos grupos sham e I/R-i; d) houve diminuição nas densidades nos grupos I/R-i com 6, 24, 72 horas e 1 semana dos neurônios P2X7-ir, NOSn-ir, Calr-ir, Calb-ir, ChAT-ir e anti-HuC/D-ir quando comparados aos grupos sham; e) houve um aumento na área do perfil dos neurônios NOSn-ir nos grupos I/R-i de 6 e 24 horas, nos neurônios ChAT-ir houve um aumento no grupo I/R-i de 1 semana e nos neurônios Calr-ir houve uma diminuição no grupo I/R-i de 6 horas e um aumento no grupo I/R-i de 24 horas quando comparados aos grupos sham. O presente estudo demonstrou que a I/R-i está associada com a perda significativa de diferentes subpopulações de neurônios do plexo mioentérico acompanhada por diversas alterações morfológicas, o que pode acarretar problemas na motilidade intestinal.