ABSTRACT: Five kinds of promoters were evaluated as tools for regulated gene expression in the PHA-producing bacterium Cupriavidus necator. Several broad-host-range expression vectors were constructed by which expression of a reporter gene gfp was controlled by P(lac), P(tac), or P(BAD) derived from Escherichia coli, or promoter regions of phaC1 (P(phaC)) or phaP1 (P(phaP)) derived from C. necator. Then, the gfp-expression profiles were determined in C. necator strains harboring the constructed vectors when the cells were grown on fructose or soybean oil. P(lac), P(tac), P(phaC), and P(phaP ) mediated constitutive gene expression, among which P(tac) was the strongest promoter. lacI-P(tac) was not thoroughly functional even after addition of isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG), probably due to inability of C. necator to uptake IPTG. Gene expression by araC-P(BAD) could be regulated by varying L-arabinose concentration in the medium, although P(3HB) production rate was slightly decreased in the recombinant. phaR-P(phaP) exhibited an expression profile tightly coupled with P(3HB) accumulation, suggesting application of the vector harboring phaR-P(phaP ) for gene expression specific at the PHA-biosynthesis phase. The properties of these promoters were expected to be useful for effective engineering of PHA biosynthesis in C. necator.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 03/2011; 89(5):1527-36. · 3.42 Impact Factor