[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The segmentation of gait signals into single steps is an important basis for objective gait analysis. Only a precise detection of step beginning and end enables the computation of step parameters like step height, variability and duration. A special challenge for the application is the accurateness of such an algorithm when based on signals from daily live activities.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 07/2013; 2013:6744-6747. DOI:10.1109/EMBC.2013.6611104
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective and rater independent analysis of movement impairment is one of the most challenging tasks in medical engineering. Especially assessment of motor symptoms defines the clinical diagnosis in Parkinson's disease (PD). A sensor-based system to measure the movement of the upper and lower extremities would therefore complement the clinical evaluation of PD.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 08/2012; 2012:5122-5. DOI:10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347146
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Olfactory impairment is a consistent premotor symptom in sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD), presumably caused by pathological processes in the olfactory bulb and olfactory structures within mesolimbic brain areas. The objective of the present study was to obtain an in-depth insight into olfactory network dysfunction in PD patients. Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (3 T) was conducted with 16 early-stage PD patients and 16 matched controls during an odor detection task. Activation within the olfactory network was analyzed both in terms of strength of activation (whole-brain random effects, regions of interest [ROI] analysis based on the hemodynamic response function) as well as time-course characteristics (finite impulse response-based ROI analysis). Olfactory-induced activation in patients with PD in comparison to a standard activation pattern obtained from controls revealed profound hyperactivation in piriform and orbitofrontal cortices. However, whereas orbitofrontal areas seem to be unable to discriminate between signal and noise, primary olfactory cortex shows preserved discriminatory ability. These results support a complex network dysfunction that exceeds structural pathology observed in the olfactory bulb and mesolimbic cortices and thus demonstrate the important contribution of functional data to describe network dynamics occurring in the degenerating brain.