ABSTRACT: Significant celiac trunk or artery stenosis (CAS) is normally asymptomatic. However, when the arteries of the pancreatoduodenal arcade are occluded, it could trigger a visceral ischaemia. The objective of this study is to determine whether preoperative CAS is a risk factor for developing complications in patients subjected to duodenopancreatectomy (DPC).
We have retrospectively analysed 58 consecutive patients subjected to DPC. We have associated significant CAS with post-surgical outcome. In all cases a 16-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in three hepatic phases was performed. We have reviewed the pre-surgical MDCT focusing on the morphology of the celiac artery (CA), particularly in the presence or absence of significant stenosis (>50%).
We found CAS >50% in 13 patients (22%). The overall mortality was 5% (3 patients). Serious complications developed in 16 (28%) patients, 8 (62%) of whom belonged to the group with significant CAS (P=.004). Ten patients (17%) had a pancreatic fistula, 5 (38%) vs. 5 (11%) (P=.036); Fourteen patients (24%) needed new surgery, 7 (54%) vs. 7 (16%) (P=.009); Seven patients (12%) had a haemoperitoneum, 4 (31%) vs. 3 (7%) (P=.038), in the group with and without CAS, respectively.
Significant radiological CAS is a risk factor of serious complications after DPC. The study of the calibre of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with MDCT should be routine before a DPC. The correction of a significant CAS should be evaluated preoperatively.
Cirugía Española 02/2011; 89(4):230-6. · 0.87 Impact Factor