Jin Hee Park

Konkuk University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (59)113.35 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endosulfan (1,4,5,6,7,7-hexachloro-8,9,10-trinorborn-5-en-2,3-ylenebismet-hylene) is correlated with endocrine disruption, reproductive, and immune dysfunctions. Recently, endosulfan was shown to have an effect on inflammatory pathways, but its influence on cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) expression is unclear. This study investigated the effects of COX-2 and molecular mechanisms by endosulfan in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Endosulfan significantly induced COX-2 protein and mRNA levels, as well as COX-2 promoter-driven luciferase activity and the production of prostaglandin E2, a major COX-2 metabolite. Transfection experiments with several human COX-2 promoter constructs revealed that endosulfan activated NF-κB, C/EBP, AP-1, and CREB. Moreover, Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) were significantly activated by endosulfan. Moreover, endosulfan increased production of the ROS and the ROS-producing NAPDH-oxidase (NOX) family oxidases, NOX2, and NOX3. Endosulfan-induced Akt/MAPK pathways and COX-2 expression were attenuated by DPI, a specific NOX inhibitor, and the ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine. These results demonstrate that endosulfan induces COX-2 expression via NADPH oxidase, ROS, and Akt/MAPK pathways. These findings provide further insight into the signal transduction pathways involved in the inflammatory effects of endosulfan.
    Archives of toxicology. 09/2014;
  • Jin- Hee Park, Seung-Jea Tahk, Sun Hyoung Bae
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    ABSTRACT: Anxiety and depression are associated with recurrent cardiac events after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). However, few investigators have evaluated the impact of depression and anxiety on recurrent cardiac events in Korea. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship among depression, anxiety, and recurrent cardiac events in Korean patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after PCI. A prospective longitudinal study was undertaken with a sample of 133 CAD patients with PCI. Data were collected between August 2009 and September 2010, and patients were followed after discharge through 2011 with self-report questionnaires on anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and with patient medical records on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Recurrent cardiac events were collected for 12 months after discharge and were assessed by patient interviews and medical records. There were 18 recurrent cardiac events (13.5%) among the 133 participants. After adjustment for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, a hierarchical Cox proportional hazards regression model found that a moderate or severe level of anxiety (hazard ratio, 6.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.64-23.54) and a moderate or severe level of depression (hazard ratio, 4.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-13.88) were independent predictors of recurrent cardiac events. Patients with CAD who have a high level of anxiety and depression are at increased risk for recurrent cardiac events after PCI. Screening should be focused on patients who experience anxious and depressive feelings in addition to traditional risk factors. Furthermore, psychoeducational support interventions to reduce anxiety and depression after PCI may improve health outcomes.
    The Journal of cardiovascular nursing 04/2014; · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preconception exposure to EtOH through the paternal route may affect neurobehavioral and developmental features of offspring. This study investigates the effects of paternal exposure to EtOH before conception on the hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity behavior of male offspring in mice. Sire mice were treated with EtOH in a concentration range approximating human binge drinking (0-4 g/kg/day EtOH) for 7 weeks and mated with untreated females mice to produce offspring. EtOH exposure to sire mice induced attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like hyperactive, inattentive, and impulsive behaviors in offspring. As a mechanistic link, both protein and mRNA expression of dopamine transporter (DAT), a key determinant of ADHD-like phenotypes in experimental animals and humans, were significantly decreased by paternal EtOH exposure in cerebral cortex and striatum of offspring mice along with increased methylation of a CpG region of the DAT gene promoter. The increase in methylation of DAT gene promoter was also observed in the sperm of sire mice, suggesting germline changes in the epigenetic methylation signature of DAT gene by EtOH exposure. In addition, the expression of two key regulators of methylation-dependent epigenetic regulation of functional gene expression, namely, MeCP2 and DNMT1, was markedly decreased in offspring cortex and striatum sired by EtOH-exposed mice. These results suggest that preconceptional exposure to EtOH through the paternal route induces behavioral changes in offspring, possibly via epigenetic changes in gene expression, which is essential for the regulation of ADHD-like behaviors. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 02/2014; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Autophagy, a cellular degradation process, has paradoxical roles in tumorigenesis and the progression of human cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to evaluate their prognostic significance. Methods. This study is a retrospective review of immunohistochemical and clinicopathological data. All specimens evaluated were obtained from 263 patients with colorectal cancer who had undergone surgery between November 1996 and August 2007. The primary outcomes measured were the expression levels of three autophagy-related proteins (ATG5, BECN1/Beclin 1, and Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B)) by immunohistochemistry and its association in clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. Results. The autophagy-related protein expression frequencies were 65.1% (151/232) for ATG5, 71.3% (174/244) for BECN1, and 74.7% (186/249) for LC3B for the 263 patients. Correlation between the expression of autophagy-related proteins was significant for all protein pairs. Multivariate analysis showed that negative LC3B expression and absence of autophagy-related proteins expression were independently associated with poor prognosis. Conclusion. Absence of autophagy-related proteins expression is associated with poor clinical outcome in CRC, suggesting that these proteins have potential uses as novel prognostic markers.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2014; 2014:179586. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biochar has great potential as a soil amendment to immobilize heavy metals, thereby reducing their bioavail-ability. In this study, biochars derived from chicken manure and green waste were compared with commercial activated carbon (AC) and laboratory produced black carbon (BC) for the sorption of Pb and Cd. Sorption kinetics and equilibrium sorption isotherms for Pb and Cd were obtained for the char materials and the data were fitted to kinetic and sorption isotherm models.. Chicken manure-derived biochar (CM) showed the highest sorption capacity for both Pb and Cd, and the Pb sorption by biochars was higher than the Cd sorption because of the precipitation of Pb with various ions released from the biochars such as carbonate, phosphate, and sulfate. The sorption data for both Pb and Cd were better represented by the pseudo-second order kinetic model than the pseudo-first order kinetic model, which indicates chemical sorption between biochar and metals. For the isotherm studies, char materials was mixed with various amount of Pb or Cd solutions and the remaining metal concentration was measured. The equilibrium sorp-tion data followed a Langmuir isotherm with a maximum sorption capacity of 6.8–11 and 1.7–8.0 mg/g by biochars for Pb and Cd, respectively. Furthermore, CM immobilized Pb and Cd up to 93.5 and 88.4 %, respec-tively, while BC was not effective in the immobilization of Pb in soil. Overall, the sorption experiments in solution and the immobilization experiment in soil showed that biochars are more effective than AC in the sorption of Pb and Cd, and that they have the potential to be used as a soil amendment to remediate metal-contaminated soil.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 11/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coal mine spoils (CMSs), the solid wastes originated from the rock formations and soil cover overlying or interbedded with coal seams, are a worldwide environmental management challenge. Previous studies have shown that salinity is of most concern among the CMSs' environmental impacts, especially in Australia. With increasing concerns from both the governments and communities, there is a real need for the coal mining industry to understand the source, dynamics and management options of CMS salinity. We reviewed the general properties of CMSs from coal mine sites worldwide and the current understanding of the CMS salinity, which are in a limited number of available published reports. Properties (e.g., pH, electrical conductivity and hydraulic conductivity) of studied CMSs varied largely due to its complex lithological origination. A conceptual model was proposed to illustrate the origin, dispersion paths and transformations dynamics of salts in spoils, taking the scenario of a coal mine in Australia as an example. The major factors governing the salt dynamics in CMSs are summarized as mineral weatherability and salt leachability of the spoils. Management of CMS salinity is still a vague area awaiting more extensive studies. Three topics related to the management were explored in the review, which are pre-mining planning, spatial variability of spoil properties and remediation including electrokinetics and phytoremediation. Particularly, based on the geological classification of CMSs and the leachate chemistry of spoils of various sources, a clear relationship between salinity and geounits was established. This association has a potential application in pre-mining planning for the management of salinity from coal mine spoils.
    Environmental Geochemistry and Health 10/2013; · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) is an oriental herbal preparation obtained from Panax ginseng Meyer (Araliaceae). To expand our understanding of the action of KRG on central nervous system (CNS) function, we examined the effects of KRG on tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)/plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression in rat primary astrocytes. KRG extract was treated in cultured rat primary astrocytes and neuron in a concentration range of 0.1 to 1.0 mg/mL and the expression of functional tPA/PAI-1 was examined by casein zymography, Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. KRG extracts increased PAI-1 expression in rat primary astrocytes in a concentration dependent manner (0.1 to 1.0 mg/mL) without affecting the expression of tPA itself. Treatment of 1.0 mg/mL KRG increased PAI-1 protein expression in rat primary astrocytes to 319.3±65.9% as compared with control. The increased PAI-1 expression mediated the overall decrease in tPA activity in rat primary astrocytes. Due to the lack of PAI-1 expression in neuron, KRG did not affect tPA activity in neuron. KRG treatment induced a concentration dependent activation of PI3K, p38, ERK1/2, and JNK in rat primary astrocytes and treatment of PI3K or MAPK inhibitors such as LY294002, U0126, SB203580, and SP600125 (10 μM each), significantly inhibited 1.0 mg/mL KRG-induced expression of PAI- 1 and down-regulation of tPA activity in rat primary astrocytes. Furthermore, compound K but not other ginsenosides such as Rb1 and Rg1 induced PAI-1 expression. KRG-induced up-regulation of PAI-1 in astrocytes may play important role in the regulation of overall tPA activity in brain, which might underlie some of the beneficial effects of KRG on CNS such as neuroprotection in ischemia and brain damaging condition as well as prevention or recovery from addiction.
    Journal of ginseng research 10/2013; 37(4):401-12. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immobilization of lead (Pb) using soil amendments can reduce Pb toxicity and bioavailability in soil.This study evaluated Pb immobilization in a Pb-contaminated soil by using peat moss through various tests. The Pb-contaminated soil (2000mg Pb⋅kg−1) was amended with 1%, 5%, and 10% of peatmoss to immobilize Pb in the soil.The immobilization properties of Pb in the contaminated soil were evaluated by a column leaching experiment, a microcosm test, and a batch incubation test. Peatmoss significantly reduced the Pb leaching in all of the experiments and more effectively reduced mobility and toxicity of Pb in the column leaching and microcosm tests than bioavailability in the batch incubation test.The immobilized lead from the soils amended with 1%, 5%, and 10% of peat moss was 37.9%, 87.1%, and 95.4% from the column leaching test, 18.5%, 90.9%, and 96.4% from the microcosm test, and 2.0%, 36.9%, and 57.9% from the NH4NO3 extraction method, respectively, indicating that peat moss can be effectively used for the remediation of Pb-contaminated soil.
    Journal of Chemistry. 09/2013; 2013.
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  • Seung Ah Lee, Jin Hee Park, Soo Young Lee
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    ABSTRACT: The purinergic receptor P2Y, G protein coupled, 14 (P2Y14) receptor for UDP-glucose and other UDP-sugars has been implicated in the regulation of the stem cell compartment as well as neuroimmune function. However, the role of P2Y14 in osteoclast formation is completely unknown. We found that RANKL selectively induced P2Y14 among seven mammalian P2Y receptors when analysed at both the mRNA and protein level, but inhibitors of the mitogenactivated protein (MAP) kinase pathway suppressed induction of P2Y14 proteins. Extracellular addition of UDP-sugars such as UDP-glucose, UDP-galactose, UDP-glucuronic acid, and UDP-N-acetyl glucosamine promoted RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis, while P2Y14 downregulation by RNA interference inhibited osteoclast formation. Taken together, these results suggest that P2Y14 may act as the receptor for UDP-sugars in osteoclast precusors and may regulate RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis.
    Molecules and Cells 09/2013; 36(3):273-7. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In-utero exposure to valproic acid (VPA) has been known as a potent inducer of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), not only in humans, but also in animals. In addition to the defects in communication and social interaction as well as repetitive behaviors, ASD patients usually suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) problems. However, the exact mechanism underlying these disorders is not known. In this study, we examined the gross GI tract structure and GI motility in a VPA animal model of ASD. On embryonic day 12 (E12), 4 pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were subcutaneously injected with VPA (400 mg/kg) in the treatment group, and with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) in the control group; the resulting male offspring were analyzed at 4 weeks of age. VPA exposure decreased the thickness of tunica mucosa and tunica muscularis in the stomach and ileum. Other regions such as duodenum, jejunum, and colon did not show a significant difference. In high-resolution microscopic observation, atrophy of the parietal and chief cells in the stomach and absorptive cells in the ileum was observed. In addition, decreased staining of the epithelial cells was observed in the hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained ileum section. Furthermore, decreased motility in GI tract was also observed in rat offspring prenatally exposed to VPA. However, the mechanism underlying GI tract defects in VPA animal model as well as the association between abnormal GI structure and function with ASD is yet to be clearly understood. Nevertheless, the results from the present study suggest that this VPA ASD model undergoes abnormal changes in the GI structure and function, which in turn could provide beneficial clues pertaining to the pathophysiological relevance of GI complications and ASD phenotypes.
    Toxicological research. 09/2013; 29(3):173-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Although the role of α-synuclein aggregation on Parkinson's disease is relatively well known, the physiological role and the regulatory mechanism governing the expression of α-synuclein are unclear yet. We recently reported that α-synuclein is expressed and secreted from cultured astrocytes. In this study, we investigated the effect of valproic acid (VPA), which has been suggested to provide neuroprotection by increasing α-synuclein in neuron, on α-synuclein expression in rat primary astrocytes. VPA concentrationdependently increased the protein expression level of α-synuclein in cultured rat primary astrocytes with concomitant increase in mRNA expression level. Likewise, the level of secreted α-synuclein was also increased by VPA. VPA increased the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and JNK and pretreatment of a JNK inhibitor SP600125 prevented the VPA-induced increase in α-synuclein. Whether the increased α-synuclein in astrocytes is involved in the reported neuroprotective effects of VPA awaits further investigation.
    Biomolecules and Therapeutics 05/2013; 21(3):222-228. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coal mining wastes in the form of spoils, rejects and tailings deposited on a mine lease can cause various environmental issues including contamination by toxic metals, acid mine drainage and salinity. Dissolution of salt from saline mine spoil, in particular, during rainfall events may result in local or regional dispersion of salts through leaching or in the accumulation of dissolved salts in soil pore water and inhibition of plant growth. The salinity in coal mine environments is from the geogenic salt accumulations and weathering of spoils upon surface exposure. The salts are mainly sulfates and chlorides of calcium, magnesium and sodium. The objective of the research is to investigate and assess the source and mobility of salts and trace elements in various spoil types, thereby predicting the leaching behavior of the salts and trace elements from spoils which have similar geochemical properties. X-ray diffraction analysis, total digestion, sequential extraction and column experiments were conducted to achieve the objectives. Sodium and chloride concentrations best represented salinity of the spoils, which might originate from halite. Electrical conductivity, sodium and chloride concentrations in the leachate decreased sharply with increasing leaching cycles. Leaching of trace elements was not significant in the studied area. Geochemical classification of spoil/waste defined for rehabilitation purposes was useful to predict potential salinity, which corresponded with the classification from cluster analysis based on leaching data of major elements. Certain spoil groups showed high potential salinity by releasing high sodium and chloride concentrations. Therefore, the leaching characteristics of sites having saline susceptible spoils require monitoring, and suitable remediation technologies have to be applied.
    Environmental science. Processes & impacts. 05/2013;
  • Girish Choppala, Nanthi Bolan, Jin Hee Park
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    ABSTRACT: Chromium reaches the soil environment through waste disposal emanating from a number of industrial activities, including coal-fired power production, electroplating, leather tanning, timber treatment, pulp production, and mineral ore and petroleum refining. Of the heavy metals, chromium (Cr) is a major pollutant, poses a great threat to flora and fauna and persists for long time. The most abundant species of Cr—Cr(III) and Cr(VI)—have very different properties. The toxicity, mobility, and bioavailability of Cr mainly depend on its speciation. In the natural environment, Cr(III) is most immobile, less soluble and stable, whereas Cr(VI) is highly mobile, soluble and bioavailable. Redox reactions play an important role in the interconversion of Cr(VI) and Cr(III). As our awareness of the rising toxicity of Cr increases, it is necessary to develop new and advanced strategies to mitigate this toxicity in the environment. Several physicochemical methods have been developed but these techniques are expensive and are not readily applicable to large contaminated zones. This chapter provides an overview of the concepts of Cr biogeochemistry, bioavailability and integrated risk management. The physicochemical factors, speciation and toxicity have been discussed with special emphasis on the remediation methods due to the complex reactions associated with Cr toxicity mitigation. Furthermore, this study identified systematically the future needs for understanding Cr biogeochemistry and low-cost remediation methods.
    Advances in Agronomy 05/2013; · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is an essential neuromodulator whose involvement in multiple functions such as synaptic plasticity, cytokine-like immune function and regulation of cell survival mandates rapid and tight tPA regulation in the brain. We investigated the possibility that a transient metabolic challenge induced by glucose deprivation may affect tPA activity in rat primary astrocytes, the main cell type responsible for metabolic regulation in the CNS. MAIN METHODS: Rat primary astrocytes were incubated in serum-free DMEM without glucose. Casein zymography was used to determine tPA activity, and tPA mRNA was measured by RT-PCR. The signaling pathways regulating tPA activity were identified by Western blotting. KEY FINDINGS: Glucose deprivation rapidly down-regulated the activity of tPA without affecting its mRNA level in rat primary astrocytes; this effect was mimicked by translational inhibitors. The down-regulation of tPA was accompanied by increased tPA degradation, which may be modulated by a proteasome-dependent degradation pathway. Glucose deprivation induced activation of PI3K-Akt-GSK3β, p38 and AMPK, and inhibition of these pathways using LY294002, SB203580 and compound C significantly inhibited glucose deprivation-induced tPA down-regulation, demonstrating the essential role of these pathways in tPA regulation in glucose-deprived astrocytes. SIGNIFICANCE: Rapid and reversible regulation of tPA activity in rat primary astrocytes during metabolic crisis may minimize energy-requiring neurologic processes in stressed situations. This effect may thereby increase the opportunity to invest cellular resources in cell survival and may allow rapid re-establishment of normal cellular function after the crisis.
    Life sciences 04/2013; · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • Jin Hee Park, Hyun Ho Park
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    ABSTRACT: The CARMA1 signalosome, which is composed of CARMA1 [caspase recruitment domain (CARD) containing MAGUK protein 1], BCL10 (B-cell lymphoma 10) and MALT1 (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1), is a molecular-signalling complex that performs pivotal functions in T-cell receptor (TCR) and B-cell receptor (BCR) mediated NF-κB activation. In this study, the CARD domain of human CARMA1 (CARMA1 CARD), corresponding to amino acids 14-109, was overexpressed in Escherichia coli using an engineered C-terminal His tag. CARMA1 CARD was then purified to homogeneity and crystallized at 293 K. Finally, X-ray diffraction data were collected to a resolution of 3.2 Å from a crystal belonging to space group P212121 with unit-cell parameters a = 45.73, b = 53.37, c = 91.89 Å.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 04/2013; 69(Pt 4):435-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • Jin Hee Park, Ju Young Bae, Hyun Ho Park
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    ABSTRACT: The CARMA1 signalosome composed of CARMA1, BCL10 and MALT1 plays a pivotal role in antigen receptor-mediated lymphocyte activation via the NF-κB pathway. For assembly of the CARMA1 signalosome, BCL10 functions as an adaptor protein that interacts with CARMA1 via the CARD-CARD interaction and with MALT1 via interaction between the C-terminal Ser/Thr-rich region of BCL10 and the first Ig domain of MALT1. Despite the biological importance of the CARMA1 signalosome, structural and biochemical studies have been limited as CARD-containing proteins are prone to aggregation under physiological conditions. In the present study, we successfully purified and characterized CARMA1 CARD and BCL10 CARD and showed that both CARMA1 CARD and BCL10 CARD easily self-oligomerized under physiological conditions. This self-oligomerization of the CARD domain prevents complex formation in the CARMA1 signalosome in vitro. Finally, we propose an interaction mode between CARMA1 CARD and BCL10 CARD based on a structure-based modeling study.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 03/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe hand function in relation with gross motor function and subtype of spastic cerebral palsy and to investigate the relationships among gross motor function, bimanual performance, unimanual capacity and upper limb functional measures in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Materials and Methods: We collected upper extremity data of 140 children with spastic CP. The Gross Motor Functional Classification System (GMFCS) was used to assess gross motor function, Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) for bimanual performance, and Modified House Functional Classification (MHC) for the best capacity of each hand. Upper limb functions were evaluated by using the Upper Limb Physician's Rating Scale and Upper Extremity Rating Scale. Results: There was a good correlation between GMFCS and MACS in children with bilateral CP, but the correlation was not strong in children with unilateral CP. No significant difference between GMFCS and MACS was found in children with bilateral CP, but children with unilateral CP scored higher on GMFCS than on MACS. A strong correlation was observed between MACS and MHC in children with bilateral CP, but not in children with unilateral CP. The upper limb functional measures in each hand were highly related with MACS and MHC in bilateral CP, but not in unilateral CP. Conclusion: Gross motor function, bimanual performance and the best capacity of each hand are closely related with each other in children with bilateral CP, but not in children with unilateral CP.
    Yonsei medical journal 03/2013; 54(2):516-22. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Autophagy is a critical intracellular pathway for the removal of aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of autophagy-related proteins to clinical outcomes of patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: The expression of 5 autophagy-related proteins in the PDAC tissues of 73 patients was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using a tissue array method. In addition, clinicopathological characteristics and survival were compared with the expression of autophagy-related proteins. RESULTS: Of the 73 patients, autophagy-related protein expression frequencies were 49.3% (36/73) for Atg5, 63.9% (46/72) for Ambra1, 47.9% (35/73) for beclin-1, 83.3% (60/72) for LC3B, and 69.9% (51/73) for Bif-1. The correlation between the expressions of autophagy-related proteins was significant for all protein pairs. Advanced T stage was marginally associated with a higher number of protein changes (P = 0.059). Multivariate analysis revealed that beclin-1 overexpression and increases in the alteration of autophagy-related proteins were independently associated with poor prognosis (hazard ratio of 5.365, P = 0.001 and hazard ratio of 5.270, P = 0.022, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The acquisition of autophagy-related proteins is associated with poor clinical outcome in PDAC. The detection and inhibition of autophagy offers a potential therapeutic target for PDAC.
    Pancreas 02/2013; · 2.95 Impact Factor
  • Jin Hee Park, Nanthi Bolan
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    ABSTRACT: A range of both soluble and insoluble phosphate (P) compounds have been used to immobilize Pb in solution and soil. However, these compounds have limitations because of low solubility or leaching of P. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can be used to enhance the solubility of insoluble P compounds. The effects of PSB on the immobilization of Pb in the presence of phosphate rock (PR) and subsequent reduction in Pb uptake by Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) in nutrient agar medium and ryegrass (Lolium perenne) in soil under sterile condition were tested. Root colonization of PSB was confirmed by halo formation around the root in the medium containing tricalcium phosphate. Addition of PR in the presence of PSB immobilized Pb in both agar medium and soil, and reduced Pb translocation from root to shoot. Furthermore, shoot Pb concentrations of Indian mustard in agar medium and ryegrass in soil were decreased by 58.1% and 22.8%, respectively, compared to the control. Even though soluble P compound was the most effective in the immobilization of Pb, excess P may cause eutrophication. Therefore, PSB are suggested as a co-amendment to facilitate immobilization of Pb without causing any detrimental effect on the environment.
    Journal of hazardous materials 02/2013; · 4.14 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

273 Citations
113.35 Total Impact Points


  • 2010–2014
    • Konkuk University
      • • Neuroscience Center
      • • Department of Pathology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Hanyang University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chungnam National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2013
    • University of Queensland 
      • Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2011–2013
    • Yeungnam University
      • School of Biotechnology
      Asan, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2010–2013
    • University of South Australia 
      • Centre for Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation
      Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • 2012
    • Kosin University
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 2008–2012
    • Ajou University
      • College of Nursing
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Dongguk University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2011
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • Department of Genetic Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chosun University
      • Department of Pharmacy
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea