Jingjuan Meng

China Medical University (PRC), Shenyang, Liaoning, China

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Publications (12)21.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The seaweed Laminaria japonica has been investigated in a laboratory research for its medical significance and LJP has been purified now. The objective of present study was to look at effect of LJP on structural, phenotypic and functional maturation of murine BMDCs. The structural maturation of BMDCs induced by LJP was evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM); The phenotypic maturation of BMDCs was studied by flow cytometry(FCM) and functional maturation of BMDCs was analyzed by FITC-dextran, acid phosphatase (ACP) activity and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We hereby proved that LJP markedly induced maturation of BMDCs with the data of decreased the number of lysosomes, upregulated expression of CD80, CD83, CD86, CD40 and MHC II key membrane molecules on BMDCs, downregulated phagocytosis, enriched production of IL-12 and TNF-α secreted by BMDCs. Therefore it should be concluded that LJP was with strong ability to induce maturation of BMDCs. Our data provided direct evidence to suggest that LJP could be considered as an immune stimulant in improving immune handicapped situation and as a useful adjuvant in vaccine designing.
    International journal of biological macromolecules. 06/2014; 69C:388-392.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we reveal that a neutral polysaccharide isolated from a Chinese medicinal herb, named Ginseng (PanaxgisengC.A.Meyer), promotes maturation of BMDCs via inducing changes both inside and outside BMDCs, as well as changes of functions. These affects of NGP on BMDCs were evaluated with use of conventional scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) for morphology of BMDCs, flow cytometry (FCM) for key surface markers of BMDCs, cytochemistry assay, FITC-dextran, bio-assay for their phagocytosis and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for cytokine production by BMDCs. Our results proved that NGP induced maturation of BMDCs as reflected by the downregulation of acid phosphatase (ACP) activity inside the BMDCs, which occurs when phagocytosis of BMDCs decreased, while antigen presentation increased upon maturation. These data also revealed higher expression of MHC II, CD80, CD86, CD83, CD40 and secretion of higher level of IL-12 and low level of TNF-α. Our approach suggests that NGP could therefore stimulate the maturation of murine BMDCs through a series of regulation to the BMDCs.
    Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 01/2013; 9(2).
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    ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated previously that immune cell activation and proliferation were sensitive to the effects of naltrexone, a non-peptidic δ-opioid receptor selective antagonist and opioid receptors on BMDCs have been detected [1]. However, there is little prior data published on naltrexone and DCs. Therefore, we hypothesized that LDN could exert modulating effect on BMDCs. In present study, we studied influence of LDN on both phenotypic and functional maturation of BMDCs. Changes of BMDC post-treatment with LDN were evaluated using conventional light microscope and transmission electron microscopy (TEM); flow cytometry(FCM); cytochemistry; acid phosphatase activity(ACP) test; FITC-dextran bio-assay; mixed lymphocytes and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We have found that LDN enhances maturation of BMDCs as evidenced by 1) up-regulating the expression of MHC II, CD40, CD83, CD80 and CD86 molecules on BMDCs; 2) down-regulating the rates of pinocytosis and phagocytosis accompanied by the results of decreased ACP, and FITC-dextran bio-assay; 3) mounting potential of BMDCs to drive T cell; and 4) inducing secretion of higher levels of IL-12 and TNF-α. It is therefore concluded that LDN can efficiently promote the maturation of BMDCs via precise modulation inside and outside BMDCs. Our study has provided meaningful mode of action on the role of LDN in immunoregulation, and rationale on future application of LDN for enhancing host immunity in cancer therapy and potent use in the design of DC-based vaccines for a number of diseases.
    International immunopharmacology 01/2013; 17(4):1084–1089. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we report that a acidic polysaccharide(AGP) isolated from a Chinese medicinal herb, named Ginseng (Panax giseng C.A.Meyer), induces maturation of bone marrow dendritic cells(BMDCs) via concrete changes both inside and outside BMDCs. The impacts of AGP on BMDCs were assessed with use of conventional scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) for morphology, flow cytometry (FCM) for key surface molecules, cytochemistry assay, FITC-dextran, bio-assay for phagocytosis and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for production of cytokines. Our results elucidated that PPS promoted maturation of BMDCs via changes as reflected by the down-regulation of acid phosphatase (ACP) activity inside the BMDCs, which occurs when phagocytosis of BMDCs to antigen decreased, while antigen presentation increased upon maturation, higher expression of key surface melecules of MHC II, CD80, CD86,CD83, and CD 40, and releasing higher level of cytokines IL-12 and low level of TNF-α. Our study suggest that AGP play marked immunostimulating role on the maturation of murine BMDCs through precise regulation of phagocytosis and enzyme activities inside the BMDCs.
    International journal of biological macromolecules 11/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this investigation is to look at whether MENK could improve antitumor effect of CD8+T cell elicited by BMDCs. We investigated the effects of MENK on the differentiation, maturation, and functions of murine BMDC loaded with Rac-1 antigens (RG) and CTL of tumor speci□c immune response elicited by the BMDC in vitro and in vivo. The production of cytokine IL-12 and TNF-αsecreted by BMDCs in the presence of MENK was assayed with ELISA and key surface markers of CD40,CD86, CD83 and MHC-II on the BMDCs were analyzed with use of flow cytometry (FCM). In addition, the activities to induce CD8+ T cell proliferation, along with displayed cytotoxicity of the CD8+T cells(CTL) by the BMDCs after treatment with MENK were determined with use of FCM as well as MTS. Our results indicated that MENK induced phenotypic and functional maturation of BMDC loaded with RG antigen, as evidenced by higher level of expression of key surface markers and more production of cytokines. Subsequently, the BMDC activated by MENK intensified immune responses mounted by CTL, resulting in stronger antitumor activity. Our results suggest that MENK could be working as an effective immune adjuvant in vaccine preparation for cancer fight and other immune related diseases. We concluded that MENK could be a positive immune modulator in the improved functions of BMDCs loaded with antigen as well as in CD8+T cell mediated anti-tumor responses.
    Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 09/2012; 8(9).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mechanisms of methionine enkephalin (MENK) on lymphocytes in human peripheral blood. We detected CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg), dendritic cells (DCs), natural killer cells (NK), NKT cells and γδT cells before and after treatment with 10 (-12) M MENK, in cell culture by FCM and RT-PCR. Our findings show that MENK stimulating expansion of lymphocyte subpopulationns by inhibiting CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg), which is unique discovery of our study. We may use MENK as a drug to treat cancer patients, whose immune systems are damaged by chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
    Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 08/2012; 8(8).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate macrophages polarization induced by methionine enkephalin (MENK) that promotes tumoricidal responses in vivo and in vitro. Both phenotypic and functional activities of macrophages were assessed by the quantitative analysis of key surface molecules on macrophages with flow cytometry, immunofluorescent staining, and the production of cytokines with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Our results showed that MENK could down-regulate the expression of CD206 and the production of arginase-1 (the markers of alternatively activated (M2) macrophage) in tumor-associated macrophages in vivo, meanwhile it could significantly up-regulate the expression of CD64, MHC-II, and the production of induced nitric oxide synthase (the markers of classically activated (M1) macrophages). Furthermore, the studies on bone marrow-derived macrophages treated with MENK (10(-12) M) in vitro had demonstrated that MENK could markedly increase tumoricidal activity. MENK could also enhance the release of reactive oxidant species and the production of interleukin-12p40, tumor necrosis factor-α, while decrease the production of interleukin-10. In conclusion, MENK could effectively induce M2 macrophages polarizing to M1 macrophages, sequentially to modulate the Th1 responses of the host immune system. Our results suggest that MENK might have great potential as a new therapeutic agent for cancer.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 03/2012; 61(10):1755-68. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methionine enkephalin (MENK), the endogenous neuropeptide, is known to exert direct effects on the neuroendocrine and the immune systems and participates in regulation of various functions of cells related to both the innate and adaptive immune systems. Dendritic cells (DCs) play important role in initiating and regulating T cell responses. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of MENK on differentiation, maturation, and function of DCs derived from murine bone marrow progenitors (BM-derived DCs). Our result showed that MENK could induce BM-derived DCs to polarize predominantly to mDC subtype, rather than pDC both in vivo and in vitro, and this was in favor of Th1 response. BM-derived DCs, after treatment with MENK, up-regulated the expressions of MHC class II and key costimulatory molecules. Result by RT-PCR showed MENK could increase expressions of delta and kappa receptors on BM-derived DCs. Also MENK promoted BM-derived DCs to secret higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines of IL-12p70, TNF-α. Furthermore, differentiated BM-derived DCs treated with MENK displayed higher activity to induce allogeneic T cell proliferation and MENK also inhibited tumor growth in vivo and induced apoptosis of tumor cells in vitro. Thus, it is concluded that MENK could be an effective inducer of BM-derived DCs and might be a new therapeutic agent for cancer, as well as other immune handicapped disease. Also we may consider MENK as a potential adjuvant in vaccine preparation.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 03/2012; 61(10):1699-711. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate phenotypic and functional modulation of murine dendritic cells (DCs) with use of purified Glycyrrhizin (GL). These impacts of GL on DCs both from bone marrow derived DCs and established DC cell 2.4 were assessed with conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM), flow cytometry (FCM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cytochemistry assay, FITC-dextran, bio-assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that the purified GL induced phenotypic maturation as evidenced by increased expression of CD86, CD40, CD80, CD83 and major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II). The functional tests showed the activity of acidic phosphatase (ACP) inside the DCs2.4 cells were down- regulated after treatment with GL (which occurs when phagocytosis of DCs2.4 cells were decreased). Finally, we proved that GL increased the production of IL-12, IL-10 and decreased the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). These data indicated that GL could promote maturation of DCs and this adjuvant-like activity may have potential therapeutic value. It is therefore concluded that GL could exert positive modulation on murine DCs.
    International immunopharmacology 03/2012; 12(3):518-25. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate and analyze induction of phenotypic and functional maturation of murine DCs by GLP. Both phenotypic and functional activities were assessed with use of conventional scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) for the morphology of the DCs, transmitted electron microscopy (TEM) for intracellular lysosomes inside the DC, cellular immunohistochemistry for phagocytosis by the DCs, flow cytometry (FCM) for the changes in key surface molecules, bio-assay for the activity of acid phosphatases (ACP), and ELISA for the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-12. It was found that GLP induced phenotypic maturation, as evidenced by increased expression of CD86, CD40, and MHC II. Functional experiments showed the down-regulation of ACP inside the DCs, which occurs when phagocytosis of DCs decreased, and antigen presentation increased with maturation. Finally, GLP increased the production of IL-12. These data reveals that GLP promotes effective activation of murine DCs. This adjuvant-like activity may have therapeutic applications in clinical settings that require a boosting of the immune response. Therefore concluded that GLP can exert positive induction to murine DCs at the used concentration.
    International journal of biological macromolecules 07/2011; 49(4):693-9. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are a large number of interactions at molecular and cellular levels between the plant polysaccharides and immune system. Plant polysaccharides present an interesting effects as immunomodulators, particularly in the induction of the cells both in innate and adaptive immune systems. Activation of DCs could improve antitumoral responses usually diminished in cancer patients, and natural adjuvants provide a possibility of inducing this activation. ABP is a purified polysaccharide isolated from Achyranthes bidentata, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The aim of this study is to investigate modulation of phenotypic and functional maturation of murine DCs by ABP. Both phenotypic and functional activities were assessed with use of conventional scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) for the morphology of the DC, transmitted electron microscopy (TEM) for intracellular lysosomes inside the DC, cellular immunohistochemistry for phagocytosis by the DCs, flow cytometry (FCM) for the changes in key surface molecules, bio-assay for the activity of acidic phosphatases (ACP), and ELISA for the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-12. In fact, we found that purified ABP induced phenotypic maturation revealed by increased expression of CD86, CD40, and MHC II. Functional experiments showed the down-regulation of ACP inside DCs (which occurs when phagocytosis of DCs is decreased, and antigen presentation increased with maturation). Finally, ABP increased the production of IL-12. These data reveal that ABP promotes effective activation of murine DCs. This adjuvant-like activity may have therapeutic applications in clinical settings where immune responses need boosting. It is therefore concluded that ABP can exert positive modulation to murine DCs.
    International immunopharmacology 03/2011; 11(8):1103-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MENK, the endogenous neuropeptide, is suggested to be involved in the regulatory loop between the immune and neuroendocrine systems, with modulation of various functions of cells related to both the innate and adaptive immune systems. Our present research findings show that MENK serves as an immune modulator to the pathway between DCs and CD4+T cells. We studied changes of DCs in key surface molecules, the activity of acid phosphatases (ACPs), the production of IL-12, and the effects on murine CD4+T cell expansion and their cytokine production by MENK alone, and in combination with interleukin-2 (IL-2) or interferon-γ (IFN-γ). In fact, we found that MENK could markedly induce the maturation of DCs through the addition of surface molecules such as MHC class II, CD86, and CD40 on murine DCs, the production of IL-12, and the down-regulation of ACP inside DCs, (which occurs when phagocytosis of DCs is decreased, and antigen presentation increased with maturation). We also found that MENK alone or in combination with IL-2 or IFN-γ, could markedly up-regulate both CD4+T cell expansion and the CD4 molecule expression in vivo and in vitro and that MENK alone, or MENK+IL-2, could enhance the production of interferon-γ from CD4+T cells. Moreover, MENK alone, or MENK+IFN-γ, could enhance the production of IL-2 from CD4+T cells. It is therefore concluded that MENK can exert positive modulation to the pathway between dendritic cells and CD4+T cells.
    Peptides 02/2011; 32(5):929-37. · 2.52 Impact Factor