Publications (3)1.95 Total impact
Article: Metabolism of novel anti-HIV agent 3-cyanomethyl-4-methyl-DCK by human liver microsomes and recombinant CYP enzymes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the metabolism of 3-cyanomethyl-4-methyl-DCK (CMDCK), a novel anti-HIV agent, by human liver microsomes (HLMs) and recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs). CMDCK was incubated with HLMs or a panel of recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes including CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 3A4, and 3A5. LC-ion trap mass spectrometry was used to separate and identify CMDCK metabolites. In the experiments with recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes, specific chemical inhibitors combined with CYP antibodies were used to identify the CYP isoforms involved in CMDCK metabolism. CMDCK was rapidly and extensively metabolized by HLMs. Its intrinsic hepatic clearance estimated from the in vitro data was 19.4 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1), which was comparable to the mean human hepatic blood flow rate (20.7 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1)). The major metabolic pathway of CMDCK was oxidation, and a total of 14 metabolites were detected. CYP3A4 and 3A5 were found to be the principal CYP enzymes responsible for CMDCK metabolism. CMDCK was metabolized rapidly and extensively in human hepatic microsomes to form a number of oxidative metabolites. CYP3A4 and 3A5 were the predominant enzymes responsible for the oxidation of CMDCK.Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 10/2011; 32(10):1276-84. · 1.95 Impact Factor
Article: [Metabolism of 3-cyanomethyl-4-methyl-DCK, a new anti-HIV candidate, in human intestinal microsomes].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The biotransformation, CYP reaction phenotyping, the impact of CYP inhibitors and enzyme kinetics of 3-cyanomethyl-4-methyl-DCK (CMDCK), a new anti-HIV preclinical candidate belonging to DCK analogs, were investigated in human intestinal microsomes and recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. CMDCK (4 micromol L(-1)) was incubated with a panel of rCYP enzymes (CYP1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4) in vitro. The remaining parent drug in incubates was quantitatively analyzed by a LC-MS method. CYP3A4 was identified as the principal CYP isoenzyme responsible for its metabolism in intestinal microsomes. The major metabolic pathway of CMDCK was oxidation and a number of oxidative metabolites were screened with LC-MS. The Km, Vmax, CLint and T1/2 of CMDCK obtained from human intestinal microsome were 45.6 micromol L(-1), 0.33 micromol L(-1) min(-1), 12.1 mL min(-1) kg(-1) and 25.7 min, respectively. Intestinal clearance of CMDCK was estimated from in vitro data to be 3.3 mL min(-1) kg(-1), and was almost equal to the intestinal blood flow rate (4.6 mL min(-1) kg(-1)). The selective CYP3A4 inhibitors, ketoconazole, troleandomycin and ritonavir demonstrated significant inhibitory effects on CMDCK intestinal metabolism, which suggested that co-administration of CMDCK with potent CYP3A inhibitors, such as ritonavir, might decrease its intestinal metabolic clearance and subsequently improve its bioavailability in body.Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 09/2010; 45(9):1116-22.
Article: [In vitro comparison of thienorphine metabolism in liver microsomes of human, Beagle dog and rat].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The inter-species differences of thienorphine metabolism were investigated in human, Beagle dog and rat liver microsomes, by comparing enzyme kinetics of the parent drug and the formation of its major metabolites. The incubation systems of thienorphine with liver microsomes of the three species were optimized in terms of thienorphine concentration, microsomal protein content and incubation time. The concentrations of thienorphine and its metabolites in incubates were measured by a LC-MS/MS method. The biotransformation of thienorphine by human liver microsomes was the lowest among the three species. The K(m), V(max), CL(int) and T1/2 of thienorphine obtained from human liver microsomes were (4.00 +/- 0.59) micromol x L(-1), (0.21 +/- 0.06) micromol x L(-1) x min(-1), (117 +/- 3.19) mL x min(-1) x kg(-1) and (223 +/- 6.10) min, respectively. The corresponding kinetic parameters for dog and rat liver microsomes were (3.57 +/- 0.69) and (3.28 +/- 0.50) micromol x L(-1), (0.18 +/- 0.04) and (0.14 +/- 0.04) micromol x L(-1) x min(-1), (213 +/- 1.06) and (527 +/- 7.79) mL x min(-1) x kg(-1), (244 +/- 1.21) and (70.7 +/- 1.05) min, respectively. A total of six phase I metabolites were observed in liver microsomes, including one N-dealkylated metabolite, three oxidative metabolites and two N-dealkylated oxidation metabolites. All these six metabolites were detected in the liver microsomes of the three species. However, the relative amounts of the metabolites generated were different in three species. The results indicated that the major phase I metabolic pathway of thienorphine was similar in the liver microsomes from all three species. However, the inter-species differences observed were relative amounts of the metabolites as well as the metabolic characteristics of thienorphine in liver microsomal incubates.Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 01/2010; 45(1):98-103.