[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HPV Direct Flow CHIP is a newly developed test for identifying 18 high-risk and 18 low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes. It is based on direct PCR from crude-cell extracts, automatic flow-through hybridization, and colorimetric detection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of HPV Direct Flow CHIP in the analysis of 947 samples from routine cervical screening or the follow-up of abnormal Pap smears. The specimens were dry swab samples, liquid-based cytology samples, or formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues. The genotype distribution was in agreement with known epidemiological data for the Spanish population. Three different subgroups of the samples were also tested by Linear Array (LA) HPV Genotyping Test (n=108), CLART HPV2 (n=82), or Digene Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) HPV DNA Test (n=101). HPV positivity was 73.6% by HPV Direct Flow CHIP versus 67% by LA, 65.9% by HPV Direct Flow CHIP versus 59.8% by CLART, and 62.4% by HPV Direct Flow CHIP versus 42.6% by HC2. HPV Direct Flow CHIP showed a positive agreement of 88.6% with LA (k=0.798), 87.3% with CLART (k=0.818), and 68.2% with HC2 (k=0.618). In conclusion, HPV Direct Flow CHIP results were comparable with those of the other methods tested. Although further investigation is needed to compare the performance of this new test with a gold-standard reference method, these preliminary findings evidence the potential value of HPV Direct Flow CHIP in HPV vaccinology and epidemiology studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a causal agent of cervical cancer, and persistent HPV16 or HPV18 infection carries a particularly high risk. The cobas HPV Test (cobas) provides individual HPV16/HPV18 genotyping with a simultaneous result for 12 other high-risk HPV (hrHPV) genotypes. Its analytical performance for hrHPV genotype detection was retrospectively evaluated against the digene Hybrid Capture 2 HPV DNA test (HC2), in three European centers, in 1360 cervical samples. Both HPV tests performed similarly, with no significant difference in the number of positive and negative samples identified by each test and good agreement between the tests was observed. Discordant samples were analyzed with the Linear Array HPV genotyping test. More low-risk HPV (lrHPV) genotypes were detected in HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples compared with HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples. Conversely, more hrHPV genotypes were detected in HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples compared with HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples. Eight HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples were positive for HPV16 compared with five HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples; HPV18 was detected in one HC2-negative/cobas-positive sample and one HC2-positive/cobas-negative sample. The cobas HPV Test demonstrates comparable analytical performance to the HC2 test, but with a lower rate of cross-reactivity with lrHPV genotypes, and has the advantage of simultaneously providing HPV16/HPV18 identification.
The Journal of molecular diagnostics: JMD 11/2011; 14(1):65-70. DOI:10.1016/j.jmoldx.2011.09.005 · 4.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
It has recently been confirmed that detection of DNA of human papilloma virus (HPV) is more useful than cytology in the screening for cervical cancer, especially if genotypes 16 and 18 are identified. Cobas 4800 is an automated system that detects 14 high risk HPV genotypes: genotypes 16 and 18 separately and 12 other high-risk genotypes pooled.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has recently been confirmed that detection of DNA of human papilloma virus (HPV) is more useful than cytology in the screening for cervical cancer, especially if genotypes 16 and 18 are identified. Cobas 4800 is an automated system that detects 14 high risk HPV genotypes: genotypes 16 and 18 separately and 12 other high-risk genotypes pooled.
The aim of this study is to compare the performance of the cobas 4800 HPV test against the hybrid capture 2 (HC2) and particularly in women in whom>CIN2 lesions are detected.
Aliquots from 412 cervical specimens have been studied with three different assays, real time PCR (cobas 4800), Linear Array HPV test, and HC2. Cytological and histological results were also available.
There was good agreement between the cobas 4800 and HC2 results in 376 of the 412 women (kappa 0.85). Where there was not good agreement, low-risk HPV genotypes were detected by linear array in the majority of samples positive by HC2 and negative by the cobas 4800. Sensitivity and specificity for detecting>CIN2 lesions were 92.5 and 44%, respectively, by cobas 4800, and 88 and 51% by hybrid capture.
In this evaluation the cobas 4800 HPV test was shown to have a similar performance to the HC2 test. However HC2 was less specific due to cross reactivity with low risk genotypes, mainly genotype 53. Cobas 4800 is very reliable in the detection of high-risk genotypes, with the advantage of simultaneously providing information regarding genotype16 and 18 infections.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) has been demonstrated to be the necessary causal factor for developing cervical cancer. To know the most prevalent HR-HPV in different geographical areas is important to design diagnostic tests and implementation of vaccines. Objectives. The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of HR-HPV in a total of 1001 patients, 198 with normal cytology results, 498 with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), and 205 with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) who attended our gynaecology department for opportunistic screening of HPV infection. Study design. Cervical samples were taken in a PreservCyt vial (Cytyc Corporation, Boxborough, MA). Hybrid capture assay was carried out following the manufacturer's instructions (Digene Corp., Gaithersburg, MD). All samples were further studied with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test, Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany). Results. Genotype 16 was the most prevalent HR-HPV in the three groups, 17.8% in the patients with normal cytology results, 22.3% in the LSIL group, and 60% in the HSIL group. Genotype 18 had a very low prevalence in all groups. Other HR-HPV genotypes such as genotype 31, genotype 58 and genotype 52 were found in significant numbers in HSIL patients. Discussion. Our data show that genotypes 16, 31, 58, and 52 are the most prevalent HR-HPV in cervical samples with severe intraepithelial lesion in Spain. There may be some geographical variation in prevalence of carcinogenic types, and it must be considered for designing diagnostic tests and vaccine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A number of human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the etiological agents of cervical cancer. The present study compared the performance of the hybrid capture method with that of linear array for the detection of high-risk HPV in 218 cervical samples. For the linear array technique, the DNA was extracted using two different procedures, one manual and the other automated. There was no difference in high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) detectability between the two extraction procedures but the automated procedure had the advantages of simplicity, time and efficiency. There was agreement in 199 (91.3%) of the results. The K value for the two assays was 0.81 indicative of "near perfect" agreement. Both methods, hybrid capture and linear array, are sensitive options for detection of HPV in cervical samples. Linear array enables the identification of the genotype present in the sample and the presence of multiple infections.