[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Interleukin-10 (IL-10) signaling genes are attractive inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) candidate genes as IL-10 restricts intestinal inflammation, IL-10 polymorphisms have been associated with IBD in genome-wide association studies, and mutations in IL-10 and IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) genes have been reported in immunodeficient children with severe infantile-onset IBD. Our objective was to determine if IL-10R polymorphisms were associated with early-onset IBD (EO-IBD) and very-early-onset IBD (VEO-IBD). METHODS: Candidate-gene analysis of IL10RA and IL10RB was performed after initial sequencing of an infantile onset-IBD patient identified a novel homozygous mutation. The discovery cohort included 188 EO-IBD subjects and 188 healthy subjects. Polymorphisms associated with IBD in the discovery cohort were genotyped in an independent validation cohort of 422 EO-IBD subjects and 480 healthy subjects. RESULTS: We identified a homozygous, splice-site point mutation in IL10RA in an infantile-onset IBD patient causing a premature stop codon (P206X) and IL-10 insensitivity. IL10RA and IL10RB sequencing in the discovery cohort identified five IL10RA polymorphisms associated with ulcerative colitis (UC) and two IL10RB polymorphisms associated with Crohn's disease (CD). Of these polymorphisms, two IL10RA single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs2228054 and rs2228055, were associated with VEO-UC in the discovery cohort and replicated in an independent validation cohort (odds ratio [OR] 3.08, combined P = 2 × 10(-4) ; and OR 2.93, P = 6 × 10(-4) , respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We identified IL10RA polymorphisms that confer risk for developing VEO-UC. Additionally, we identified the first splice site mutation in IL10RA resulting in infantile-onset IBD. This study expands the phenotype of IL10RA polymorphisms to include both severe arthritis and VEO-UC. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2012;).
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASC) is a potentially life-threatening disease. We aimed to formulate guidelines for managing ASC in children based on systematic review of the literature and robust consensus process. This manuscript is a product of a joint effort of the ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organization), the Pediatric Porto Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Working group of ESPGHAN (European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition) and ESPGHAN.
A group of 19 experts in pediatric IBD participated in an iterative consensus process including two face-to-face meetings. A total of 17 predefined questions were addressed by working subgroups based on a systematic review of the literature.
The recommendations and practice points were eventually endorsed with a consensus rate of at least 95% regarding: definitions, initial evaluation, standard therapy, timing of second-line therapy, the role of endoscopic evaluation and heparin prophylaxis, how to administer second-line medical therapy, how to assess response, surgical considerations, and discharge recommendations. A management flowchart is presented based on daily scoring of the Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index (PUCAI), along with 28 formal recommendations and 34 practice points.
These guidelines provide clinically useful points to guide the management of ASC in children. Taken together, the recommendations offer a standardized protocol that allows effective monitoring of disease progress and timely treatment escalation when needed.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2011; 106(4):574-88. · 7.55 Impact Factor