James G. Keehn

Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, United States

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Publications (1)0 Total impact

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    James G. Keehn, Cecilia Lunardini
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss the diffuse flux of electron neutrinos and antineutrinos from cosmological failed supernovae, stars that collapse directly into a black hole, with no explosion. This flux has a hotter energy spectrum compared to regular, neutron-star forming collapses, and therefore it dominates the total diffuse flux from core collapses above 20-45 MeV of neutrino energy. Reflecting the features of the originally emitted neutrinos, the flux of nu_e and anti-nu_e at Earth is larger for larger survival probability of these species, and for stiffer equations of state of nuclear matter. In the energy window 19-29 MeV, the flux from failed supernovae is susbtantial, ranging from 7% to a dominant fraction of the total flux from all core collapses. It can be as large as phi = 0.38 s^{-1} cm^{-2} for anti-nu_e (phi = 0.28 s^{-1} cm^{-2} for nue), normalized to a local rate of core collapses of R_{cc}(0)=10^{-4} yr^{-1} Mpc^{-3}. In 5 years, a 0.45 Mt water Cherenkov detector should see 5-65 events from failed supernovae, while up to 160 events are expected for the same mass with Gadolinium addition. A 0.1 Mt liquid argon experiment should record 1-11 events. Signatures of neutrinos from failed supernovae are the enhancement of the total rates of events from core collapses (up to a factor of 2) and the appearance of high energy tails in the event spectra.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 12/2010;

Publication Stats

4 Citations

Institutions

  • 2010
    • Arizona State University
      Phoenix, Arizona, United States