J Torres

Hospital do Meixoeiro, Vigo, Galicia, Spain

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Publications (3)4.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of viruses causing aseptic meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and encephalitis in Spain. This was a prospective study, in collaboration with 17 Spanish hospitals, including 581 cases (CSF from all and sera from 280): meningitis (340), meningoencephalitis (91), encephalitis (76), febrile syndrome (7), other neurological disorders (32), and 35 cases without clinical information. CSF were assayed by PCR for enterovirus (EV), herpesvirus (herpes simplex [HSV], varicella-zoster [VZV], cytomegalovirus [CMV], Epstein-Barr [EBV], and human herpes virus-6 [HHV-6]), mumps (MV), Toscana virus (TOSV), adenovirus (HAdV), lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), West Nile virus (WNV), and rabies. Serology was undertaken when methodology was available. Amongst meningitis cases, 57.1% were characterized; EV was the most frequent (76.8%), followed by VZV (10.3%) and HSV (3.1%; HSV-1: 1.6%; HSV-2: 1.0%, HSV non-typed: 0.5%). Cases due to CMV, EBV, HHV-6, MV, TOSV, HAdV, and LCMV were also detected. For meningoencephalitis, 40.7% of cases were diagnosed, HSV-1 (43.2%) and VZV (27.0%) being the most frequent agents, while cases associated with HSV-2, EV, CMV, MV, and LCMV were also detected. For encephalitis, 27.6% of cases were caused by HSV-1 (71.4%), VZV (19.1%), or EV (9.5%). Other positive neurological syndromes included cerebellitis (EV and HAdV), seizures (HSV), demyelinating disease (HSV-1 and HHV-6), myelopathy (VZV), and polyradiculoneuritis (HSV). No rabies or WNV cases were identified. EVs are the most frequent cause of meningitis, as is HSV for meningoencephalitis and encephalitis. A significant number of cases (42.9% meningitis, 59.3% meningoencephalitis, 72.4% encephalitis) still have no etiological diagnosis. J. Med. Virol. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 12/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that some E6 human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 variants could be involved in viral persistence and progression of HPV infection. A novel one-step allelic discrimination real-time PCR was evaluated for E6-350G variant detection in 102 endocervical HPV 16 positive samples. This assay was also used to assess the distribution of this variant in Spanish women with cervical cancer related to HPV 16. The detection limit for the allelic discrimination assay was 50 copies per reaction, even where the E6-350G variant represents only 20% of the variants in the sample. Complete concordance was observed between DNA sequencing and the novel AD RT-PCR assay. Fourteen E6-350T reference strains and 18 E6-350G variants were detected out of 32 endocervical samples from women with cervical cancer. The average age of women who were infected by the E6-350G HPV 16 variant was 10 years lower in these samples than in women who were infected by the reference strain. This novel allelic discrimination assay is a fast, sensitive and specific method for detection of the E6-350G HPV 16 variant.
    Journal of virological methods 03/2011; 173(2):357-63. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents - INT J ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. 01/2007; 29.