[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
We aimed to investigate the contemporary usage rate and habits of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) in German urological departments.
We designed a 26-item questionnaire that was sent to all urological departments in Germany. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the usage rate of the SSC. Secondary aims were to compare perioperative characteristics of users vs. non-users of the SSC and to assess circumstances of the SSC application.
A total of 213 of 234 (91 %) urological departments were users of the SSC, and 21 (9 %) were non-users. SSC users had more often a standard protocol, took less time and had fewer people involved for checking perioperative patient data compared to non-users. Financial budgeting for the SSC existed in 55 (24 %) departments and for patient safety in 73 (32 %) departments.
The usage rate of the SSC in urological departments in Germany is high despite restricted financial budgeting. Users of the SSC profit by saving time and manpower for checking perioperative patient data.
Patient Safety in Surgery 11/2015; 9(1):37. DOI:10.1186/s13037-015-0082-5
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Twitter use has grown exponentially within the urological community. We aimed to determine the perceptions of the impact of Twitter on users’ clinical practice, research, and other professional activities. Methods: We performed an 11-item online survey of Twitter contributors during two major urological meetings: the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the American Urological Association (AUA) annual meetings. During the EAU 2014 meeting, we distributed the survey via the meeting official Twitter feed. During the AUA 2014 meeting, we applied a new method by directly sending the survey to Twitter contributors. We performed a subset analysis for assessing the perceived impact of Twitter on the clinical practice of physicians. Results: Among 312 total respondents, the greatest perceived benefits of Twitter among users were for networking (97%) and disseminating information (96%), followed by research (75%), advocacy (74%) and career development (62%). In total, 65% of Twitter users have dealt with guidelines on online medical professionalism and 71% of physician users found that Twitter had an impact on their clinical practice, and 33% had made a clinical decision based on an online case discussion. Conclusions: Our results suggest that Twitter users in the urological community perceive important benefits. These benefits extend to multiple professional domains, particularly networking, disseminating information, remote conference participation, research, and advocacy. This is the first study that has been disseminated to targeted individuals from the urological community directly through tweets, providing a proof of principle for this research method.
Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada 10/2015; 9(9-10):713. DOI:10.5489/cuaj.3014 · 1.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: In patients with penile cancer and increased risk of inguinal lymphatic dissemination,
inguinal lymphadenectomy (iLAD) offers a direct histological staging as the most reliable tool for
assessment of nodal metastatic status and a definitive oncologic treatment at the same time.
However, postoperative complications with persisting lymph edema, prolonged lymphorrhea and
delayed wound healing are often observed. We report on clinical outcome and complications of a
limited inguinal lymph node (LN) dissection.
Methods: Our iLAD dissection field reached from the inguinal crease to 18 cm caudal of pubic
tubercle and 20 cm caudal of anterior superior iliac spine, which outer limits being marked with
perpendicular lines. A 10 cm wide transverse incision was made about 3 cm below inguinal crease.
Clinical and histopathological data of all patients with penile cancer who underwent limited iLAD at
our institution between 1986 and 2012 were collected from patient charts and analyzed
Results: Mean operative time for one-sided iLAD was 89.0 ± 37.3 minutes with 8.1 ± 3.7 LNs
removed. A complication rate of 54,4% (n=34), including 16 minor and 15 major complications was
found in a total of 57 procedures. 4 patients with clinically positive LNs developed inguinal lymphatic
recurrence within 9 months after surgery. Follow-up period of the study cohort was 49.5 ± 42.6
Conclusions: iLAD provided an acceptable complication rate without aggravating morbidity. We
experienced no recurrences in clinically LN negative patients, so that the approach might be a
reasonable option in this case. In patients with enlarged LNs, more extended surgery is required
and the standard radical technique still appears to represent the gold standard.
67. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Urologie e.V.; 09/2015
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many patients diagnosed with cancer search for health information on the Web. We aimed to assess the quality and reliability of online health information on prostate cancer. Google, Yahoo, and Bing were searched for the term "prostate cancer." After selecting the most frequented websites, quality was measured by DISCERN score, JAMA benchmark criteria, and presence of HONcode certification. Popularity was assessed by Alexa tool, while accessibility, usability, and reliability were investigated by LIDA tool. Readability was analyzed by Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level and Automated Readability Index. All 13 selected websites were rated as being of high quality according to the DISCERN instrument (76.5 ± 2.6 out of 80 points). JAMA benchmark criteria were fulfilled by 87 % of websites, whereas only 37 % were certified by the HONcode. Median Alexa Traffic Rank was 2718 ranging from 7 to 679,038. Websites received 2.3 ± 0.5 daily pageviews per visitor and users spent an average of 2 min 58 s ± 39 sec on the website. Accessibility (92 ± 5 %) and usability (92 ± 3 %) scores were high and reliability (88 ± 8 %) moderate according to the LIDA tool. Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level was 7.9 ± 2.2, and Automated Readability Index was 7.5 ± 2.4, rating the websites as fairly difficult to read. In conclusion, quality, accessibility, and usability of websites on prostate cancer provided a high rating in the current analysis. These findings are encouraging in view of the growing frequency of patients' access of health information online.
Journal of Cancer Education 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13187-015-0891-3 · 1.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with penile cancer (PeCa) and increased risk of inguinal lymphatic dissemination, inguinal lymphadenectomy offers a direct histological staging as the most reliable tool for assessment of the nodal metastasic status and a definitive oncologic treatment simultaneously. However, peri- and/or postoperative mutilating sequalae often occurn. We report on clinical outcome and complications of a limited inguinal lymph node (LN) dissection.
Clinical and histopathological data of all patients with PeCa who underwent limited inguinal lymphadenectomy (LIL) at our institution between 1986 and 2012 were comprehensively analyzed. Perioperative results were presented in relation to one-sided procedures, if appropriate, which were assessed without cross comparison with contralateral LILs.
29 consecutive patients with PeCa aged 60±10.3 years were included in the current study with 57 one-sided LIL performed. Mean operative time for one-sided LIL was 89.0±37.3 minutes with 8.1±3.7 LNs removed. A complication rate of 54.4% (n=31), including 16 minor and 15 major complications was found in a total of 57 procedures with leg oedema being the most prevalent morbidity (15.8%). 4 patients with clinically positive LNs developed inguinal lymphatic recurrence within 9 months after surgery.
Our technique of limited inguinal LN dissection provided an acceptable complication rate without aggravating morbidity. We experienced no recurrences in clinically LN negative patients, so that the approach might be a reasonable option in this scenario. In patients with enlarged LNs, radical inguinal lymphadenectomy still appears to represent the gold standard.
International braz j urol: official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology 07/2015; 41(3):486-495. DOI:10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.0304 · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation as an important epigenetic and environmental factor for putative tumorigenesis and tumor progression may be associated with specific activation of Toll-like receptors (TLR). Recently, carcinogenesis has been suggested to be dependent on TLR7 signaling. In the present study, we determined the role of both TLR7 and TLR8 expression and signaling in tumor cell proliferation and chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer. Expression of TLR7/TLR8 in UICC stage I-IV pancreatic cancer, chronic pancreatitis, normal pancreatic tissue and human pancreatic (PANC1) cancer cell line was examined. For in vitro/in vivo studies TLR7/TLR8 overexpressing PANC1 cell lines were generated and analyzed for effects of (un-)stimulated TLR expression on tumor cell proliferation and chemoresistance. TLR expression was increased in pancreatic cancer, with stage-dependent upregulation in advanced tumors, compared to earlier stages and chronic pancreatitis. Stimulation of TLR7/TLR8 overexpressing PANC1 cells resulted in elevated NF-κB and COX-2 expression, increased cancer cell proliferation and reduced chemosensitivity. More importantly, TLR7/TLR8 expression increased tumor growth in vivo. Our data demonstrate a stage-dependent upregulation of both TLR7 and TLR8 expression in pancreatic cancer. Functional analysis in human pancreatic cancer cells point to a significant role of both TLRs in chronic inflammation-mediated TLR7/TLR8 signaling leading to tumor cell proliferation and chemoresistance.
International Journal of Oncology 07/2015; 47(3). DOI:10.3892/ijo.2015.3069 · 3.03 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measurement of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) advanced the diagnostic and prognostic potential for prostate cancer (PCa). However, due to PSA's lack of specificity, novel biomarkers are needed to improve risk assessment and ensure optimal personalized therapy. A set of protein molecules as potential biomarkers was therefore evaluated in serum of PCa patients.
Serum samples from patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RPE) for biopsy-proven PCa without neoadjuvant treatment were compared to serum samples from healthy subjects. Preliminary screening of 119 proteins in 10 PCa patients and 10 controls was carried out by the Proteome Profiler Antibody Array. Those markers showing distinct differences between patients and controls were then further evaluated by ELISA in the serum of 165 PCa patients and 19 controls. Uni- and multivariate as well as correlation analysis were performed to test the capability of these molecules to detect disease and predict pathological outcome.
Screening showed that soluble (s)E-cadherin, E-selectin, MMP2, MMP9, TIMP1, TIMP2, Galectin and Clusterin warranted further evaluation. sE-Cadherin, TIMP1, Galectin and Clusterin were significantly over- and MMP9 under-expressed in PCa compared to controls. The concentration of sE-cadherin, MMP2 and Clusterin correlated negatively and that of MMP9 and TIMP1 positively with the Gleason Sum at prostatectomy. Only sE-cadherin significantly correlated with the highest Gleason pattern. Compared to serum PSA, sE-cadherin provided an independent and better matching predictive ability for discriminating PCas with an upgrade at RPE and aggressive tumors with a Gleason Sum ≥7.
sE-cadherin performed most favorably from a large panel of serum proteins in terms of diagnostic and predictive potential in curatively treatable PCa. sE-cadherin merits further investigation as a biomarker for PCa.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 05/2015; 34(1):43. DOI:10.1186/s13046-015-0161-6 · 4.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extent of pelvic lymph node (LN) dissemination is a critical prognostic feature for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) maintaining extended pelvic lymphadenectomy (LAD) as the gold standard for LN-staging. Unfortunately, conventional histopathological assessment may miss micrometastasis and recently presented immunocytochemical approach of the single cell analysis is still intricate.
To comparatively assess the potential of Prostate cancer gene 3 (PCA3) and prostate specific antigene (PSA) to perform as markers for tumor cell load.
Patients with high risk PCa for LN metastasis undergoing either a sentinel LN-guided staging LAD or retropubic radical prostatectomy with sentinel-guided pelvic LN dissection were included. LNs were investigated by routine histopathology. Tumor cell load was quantified by immunocytochemistry. Gene activity was determined by qRT-PCR.
Twenty four out of 226 LNs were positive in routine histopathology and 51 in single cell analysis. PSA mRNA level correlated with tumor cell density in patients with a positive immunocytochemistry. Gene activity of PCA3 was upregulated in metastatic LNs and correlated with tumor cell density in patients with tumor-invaded LNs as detected by immunocytochemistry.
PCA3 gene expression discriminates LN metastasis and might outperform PSA gene activity in reflecting tumor cell burden in pelvic LNs of PCa patients.
Cancer biomarkers: section A of Disease markers 03/2015; 15(3). DOI:10.3233/CBM-150461 · 1.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cyanogenic diglucoside amygdalin, derived from Rosaceae kernels, is employed by many patients as an alternative anti-cancer treatment. However, whether amygdalin indeed acts as an anti-tumor agent is not clear. Metastasis blocking properties of amygdalin on bladder cancer cell lines was, therefore, investigated. Amygdalin (10 mg/ml) was applied to UMUC-3, TCCSUP or RT112 bladder cancer cells for 24 h or for 2 weeks. Tumor cell adhesion to vascular endothelium or to immobilized collagen as well as tumor cell migration was examined. Effects of drug treatment on integrin α and β subtypes, on integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and total and activated focal adhesion kinase (FAK) were also determined. Integrin knock-down was carried out to evaluate integrin influence on migration and adhesion. A 24 h or 2 week amygdalin application distinctly reduced tumor cell adhesion and migration of UMUC-3 and RT112 cells. TCCSUP adhesion was also reduced, but migration was elevated under amygdalin. Integrin subtype expression was significantly and specifically altered by amygdalin depending on the cell line. ILK was moderately, and activated FAK strongly, lost in all tumor cell lines in the presence of amygdalin. Knock down of β1 integrin caused a significant decrease in both adhesion and migration of UMUC-3 cells, but a significant increase in TCCSUP adhesion. Knock down of β4 integrin caused a significant decrease in migration of RT112 cells. Since the different actions of amygdalin on the different cell lines was mirrored by β1 or β4 knock down, it is postulated that amygdalin influences adhesion and migratory properties of bladder cancer cells by modulating β1 or β4 integrin expression. The amygdalin induced increase in TCCSUP migratory behavior indicates that any anti-tumor benefits from amygdalin (seen with the other two cell lines) may depend upon the cancer cell type.
PLoS ONE 10/2014; 9(10):e110244. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110244 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prostate specific antigen is not reliable in diagnosing prostate cancer (PCa), making the identification of novel, precise diagnostic biomarkers important. Since chemokines are associated with more aggressive disease and poor prognosis in diverse malignancies, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic relevance of chemokines in PCa.
Preoperative and early postoperative serum samples were obtained from 39 consecutive PCa patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Serum from 15 healthy volunteers served as controls. Concentrations of CXCL12, CXCL13, CX3CL1, CCL2, CCL5, and CCL20 were measured in serum by Luminex. The expression activity of CXCR3, CXCR4, CXCR5, CXCR7, CXCL12, CXCL13, CX3CR1, CXCL1, CCR2, CCR5, CCR6, CCR7, CCL2, and CCL5 mRNA was assessed in tumor and adjacent normal tissue of prostatectomy specimens by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The associations of these chemokines with clinical and histological parameters were tested.
The gene expression activity of CCL2 and CCR6 was significantly higher in tumor tissue compared to adjacent normal tissue. CCL2 was also significantly higher in the blood samples of PCa patients, compared to controls. CCL5, CCL20, and CX3CL1 were lower in patient serum, compared to controls. CCR2 tissue mRNA was negatively correlated with the Gleason score and grading.
Chemokines are significantly modified during tumorigenesis of PCa, and CCL2 is a promising diagnostic biomarker.
Cancer Research and Treatment 10/2014; 47(2). DOI:10.4143/crt.2014.015 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
To evaluate the effectiveness of lymphography as a minimally invasive treatment option of lymphatic leakage in terms of local control and to investigate which parameters influence the success rate
This retrospective study protocol was approved by the ethic committee. Patient history, imaging data, therapeutic options and follow-up were recorded and retrospectively analysed. Between June 1998 and February 2013, 71 patients (m:w= 42:29, mean age, 52.4; range 42-75 years) with lymphatic leakage in form of lymphatic fistulas (n=37), lymphocele (n=11), chylothorax (n=13) and chylous ascites (n=10) underwent lymphography. Sixty-four patients (90.1%) underwent successful lymphography while lymphography failed in 7 cases. Therapeutic success was evaluated and correlated to the volume of lymphatic leakage and to the volume of the applied iodized oil.
Signs of leakage or contrast extravasation were directly detected in 64 patients. Of 64 patients, 45 patients (70.3%) were treated and cured after lymphography. Based on the lymphography findings, 19 Patients (29.7%) underwent surgical intervention with a completely occlusion of lymphatic leakage. The lymphatic leak could be completely occluded in 96.8% of patients when the lymphatic drainage volume was less than 200 mL/day (n=33). Even when lymphatic drainage was higher than 200 mL/day (n=31), therapeutic lymphography was still successful in 58.1% of the patients.
Lymphography is an effective, minimally invasive method in the detection and treatment of lymphatic leakage. The volume of lymphatic drainage per day is a significant predictor of the therapeutic success rate.
European Journal of Radiology 10/2014; 83(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.09.013 · 2.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
Chemokines undergo alterations during neoplasia. However, knowledge about their functional significance in prostate cancer (PCa) progression is still sparse. Since chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) is significantly up-regulated in patients with PCa, aim of the current study was to assess whether CCL2 contributes to invasive behavior of prostate cancer cells in vitro.
The human PCa cell line PC3 was stimulated with CCL2. Cell growth was investigated by MTT dye reduction assay. Cell adhesion was analyzed by measuring attachment to a human endothelial cell (HUVEC) monolayer and immobilized collagen. Cell migration was assessed by a chemotactic assay. Integrin expression on the cell surface was evaluated by Western blot. Blocking studies were performed with anti-integrin α3, anti-integrin α6 and anti-integrin β4 monoclonal antibodies.
PC3 cell growth 72 h after CCL2 exposure was significantly increased, compared to controls. Activation of tumor cells by CCL2 significantly enhanced tumor cell adhesion to HUVEC and immobilized collagen. CCL2, added for 4 or 24 h, elevated α6 and β4 (4 > 24 h) integrin expression. α3 was enhanced after 4 h, but reduced after 24 h. Blocking either α3, α6 or β4 led to significant suppression of tumor cell binding to immobilized collagen.
CCL2 stimulates PCa cell adhesion and induces alterations in α3-, α6- and β4-integrin expression on the cell surface. Blocking these integrins leads to a significant reduction in cell adhesion.
World Journal of Urology 09/2014; 14(2). DOI:10.1007/s00345-014-1389-z · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Amygdalin, a natural compound, has been used by many cancer patients as an alternative approach to treat their illness. However, whether or not this substance truly exerts an anti-tumor effect has never been settled. An in vitro study was initiated to investigate the influence of amygdalin (1.25-10 mg/ml) on the growth of a panel of bladder cancer cell lines (UMUC-3, RT112 and TCCSUP). Tumor growth, proliferation, clonal growth and cell cycle progression were investigated. The cell cycle regulating proteins cdk1, cdk2, cdk4, cyclin A, cyclin B, cyclin D1, p19, p27 as well as the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) related signals phosphoAkt, phosphoRaptor and phosphoRictor were examined. Amygdalin dose-dependently reduced growth and proliferation in all three bladder cancer cell lines, reflected in a significant delay in cell cycle progression and G0/G1 arrest. Molecular evaluation revealed diminished phosphoAkt, phosphoRictor and loss of Cdk and cyclin components. Since the most outstanding effects of amygdalin were observed on the cdk2-cyclin A axis, siRNA knock down studies were carried out, revealing a positive correlation between cdk2/cyclin A expression level and tumor growth. Amygdalin, therefore, may block tumor growth by down-modulating cdk2 and cyclin A. In vivo investigation must follow to assess amygdalin's practical value as an anti-tumor drug.
PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e105590. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0105590 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Targeted therapies have improved therapeutic options of treating renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, drug response is temporary due to resistance development.
Functional and molecular changes in RCC Caki-1 cells, after acquired resistance to the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-inhibitor everolimus (Cakires), were investigated with and without additional application of the histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibitor valproic acid (VPA). Cell growth was evaluated by MTT assay, cell cycle progression and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Target molecules of everolimus and VPA, apoptotic and cell cycle regulating proteins were investigated by western blotting. siRNA blockade was performed to evaluate the functional relevance of the proteins.
Everolimus resistance was accompanied by significant increases in the percentage of G2/M-phase cells and in the IC50. Akt and p70S6K, targets of everolimus, were activated in Cakires compared to drug sensitive cells. The most prominent change in Cakires cells was an increase in the cell cycle activating proteins cdk2 and cyclin A. Knock-down of cdk2 and cyclin A caused significant growth inhibition in the Cakires cells. The HDAC-inhibitor, VPA, counteracted everolimus resistance in Cakires, evidenced by a significant decrease in tumor growth and cdk2/cyclin A.
It is concluded that non-response to everolimus is characterized by increased cdk2/cyclin A, driving RCC cells into the G2/M-phase. VPA hinders everolimus non-response by diminishing cdk2/cyclin A. Therefore, treatment with HDAC-inhibitors might be an option for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma and acquired everolimus resistance.
Molecular Cancer 06/2014; 13(1):152. DOI:10.1186/1476-4598-13-152 · 4.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Molecular tumour targeting has significantly improved anti-cancer protocols. Still, the addition of molecular targeting to the treatment regime has not led to a curative breakthrough. Combined mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition has been shown not only to enhance anti-tumour potential, but also to prevent resistance development seen under mono-drug therapy. This investigation was designed to evaluate whether cross-communication exists between mTOR signalling and epigenetic events regulated by HDAC. DU-145 prostate cancer cells were treated with insulin-like growth factor (IGF) to activate the Akt-mTOR cascade or with the HDAC-inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) to induce histone H3 and H4 acetylation (aH3, aH4). Subsequently, mTOR, Rictor, Raptor, p70s6k, Akt (all: total and phosphorylated), H3 and H4 (total and acetylated) were analysed by western blotting. Both techniques revealed a link between mTOR and the epigenetic machinery. IGF activated mTOR, Rictor, Raptor, p70s6k and Akt, but also enhanced aH3 and aH4. Inversely, IGFr blockade and knock-down blocked the Akt-mTOR axis, but simultaneously diminished aH3 and aH4. VPA treatment up-regulated histone acetylation, but also activated mTOR-Akt signalling. HDAC1 and 2 knock-down revealed that the interaction with the mTOR system is initiated by histone H3 acetylation. HDAC-mTOR communication, therefore, is apparent whereby tumour-promoting (Akt/mTORhigh, aH3/aH4low) and tumour-suppressing signals (Akt/mTORlow, aH3/aH4high) are activated in parallel. Combined use of an HDAC- and mTOR inhibitor might then diminish pro-tumour effects triggered by the HDAC- (Akt/mTORhigh) or mTOR inhibitor (aH3/aH4low) alone.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 04/2014; 18(7). DOI:10.1111/jcmm.12299 · 4.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) have improved the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, chronic drug exposure may trigger resistance, limiting the utility of these agents. The metastatic behavior of RCC cells, susceptible (RCC(par)) or resistant (RCC(res)) to the mTOR inhibitor temsirolimus, was investigated. Adhesion to vascular endothelium or immobilized collagen and fibronectin was quantified. Chemotactic motility was evaluated with a modified Boyden chamber assay. Integrin α and β subtype receptors were analyzed by flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. The physiological relevance of the integrins was then determined by blocking studies and small interfering RNA knockdown. Adhesion to endothelial cells and to fibronectin (not to collagen) and chemotaxis were enhanced in RCC(res) compared to RCC(par). RCC(res) detached from fibronectin and motile activity further increased under retreatment with low-dosed temsirolimus. α5 integrin was diminished inside the cell and at the cell surface, whereas the β3 subtype was reduced intracellularly but elevated at the plasma membrane. In RCC(par), blocking α5 surface receptors enhanced RCC-collagen but reduced RCC-fibronectin interaction, whereas the opposite was true for RCC(res). Chemotaxis of RCC(par) but not of RCC(res) was strongly diminished by the α5 antibody. Blocking β3 significantly lowered chemotaxis with stronger effects on RCC(res), compared to RCC(par). Importantly, β3 knockdown reduced chemotaxis of RCC(par) but upregulated the motile behavior of RCC(res). Temsirolimus resistance is characterized by quantitative alterations of integrin α5 and β3 expression, coupled to functional changes of the integrin molecules, and forces a switch from RCC adhesion to RCC migration.
Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 04/2014; 16(4):291-300. DOI:10.1016/j.neo.2014.03.011 · 4.25 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prevention of postprostatectomy incontinence has always been a challenge for urologists. Improved understanding of male continence and changes in pelvic anatomy after radical prostatectomy and the implementation of new surgical techniques raised hope of reduced incontinence rates. Despite using the full potential of continence-sparing techniques and atraumatic robot-assisted surgery, postprostatectomy incontinence still occurs in 5-20 % of cases. Recently published data showed a trend of improved early return to continence using anterior suspension or posterior reconstruction in robot-assisted prostatectomy. Postprostatectomy incontinence has a negative impact on quality of life and causes high costs of treatment. Therefore, further research in the amelioration of postoperative continence is mandatory.