ABSTRACT: Four consecutive intensive unified regimens (BFM-AML-83, PGP-AML 94, PGP-AML 98 AML-BFM 2004 Interim) for acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) have been conducted by the Polish Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group (PPLLSG) since 1983. The last one, introduced four years ago is still active, and only preliminary result may be presented. There were 726 children with AML diagnosed (226, 102, 247 and 151 in the I, II , III and IV periods, respectively), and 603 of them were eligible for evaluation (208, 83, 195 and 117, respectively). Complete remission rates were: 71.4%, 67.5%, 81.4% and 87% in consecutive periods, respectively. Five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were: 33% and 32% for PGP-AML 83 regimen, 38% and 36% for PGP-AML 94 regimen, and 53% and 46% for PGP-AML 98 regimen, respectively. For AML-BFM Interim 2004 the 3-year OS and EFS were 57% and 57%, respectively. Despite continuous improvement of the treatment results, the number of failures have remained too high, but the pattern have changed in the following way: Early deaths (from diagnosis to 15 day of treatment) decreased only in the fourth period to 3%. "Aplasia deaths" (between day 15 and 42) decreased gradually from 16% in the first period to 1.5% and 2.2% in the third and in the fourth period, respectively. Deaths in remission decreased from 10% in first and second period to 3.5% at present. Number of non responders increased between first and second period from 6% to 18%, later decreased to 8.2% at present. These trends e.g. decrease of early death and treatment related mortality reflect both the better efficacy of antileukemic treatment and the improvement of supportive care.
Przegla̧d lekarski 01/2010; 67(6):366-70.