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ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy/jejunostomy (PEG/PEJ) combined with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTCD) in treating malignant biliary obstruction.
Nine patients (6 males and 3 females, average age 71.3 ± 5.5 years) with complete obstruction of the biliary tract were treated with PEG/PEJ after PTCD. The PEG/PEJ and PTCD tubes were linked outside of the abdominal wall to direct the externally drained bile back to the jejunum through the PEG/PEJ intestinal tube. Clinical symptoms and liver function were assessed following the treatment.
The operations were successfully completed in the 9 patients within 40 min (average 35 ± 2.9 min). Clinical symptoms such as jaundice, abdominal distension, stomachache and diarrhea appeared but improved within 7 days of the operation. Serum levels of bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were reduced (p < 0.01) 4 weeks following the treatment. There were no procedural complications.
Combined PEG/PEJ and PTCD appeared to be safe and effective in the management of malignant biliary obstruction. Further, larger-scale studies will be needed to verify findings of this report.
Medical Principles and Practice 01/2011; 20(1):47-50. · 0.96 Impact Factor