ABSTRACT: The principal way to improve the outcome of gastric cancer (GC) is to predict carcinogenesis and metastasis at an early stage. The aims of the present study were to test the hypothesis that distinct metabolic profiles are reflected in GC tissues and to further explore potential biomarkers for GC diagnosis. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was utilized to analyze tissue metabolites from 30 GC patients. A diagnostic model for GC was constructed using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and the metabolomic data were analyzed using the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank sum test to identify the metabolic tissue biomarkers for GC. Over 100 signals were routinely detected in one single total ion current (TIC) chromatogram, and the OPLS-DA model generated from the metabolic profile of the tissues adequately discriminated the GC tissues from the normal mucosae. Among the low-molecular-weight endogenous metabolites, a total of 41 compounds, such as amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrates, fatty acids and steroids, were detected, and 15 differential metabolites were identified with significant difference (p<0.05). A total of 20 variables were noted which contributed to a great extent in the discriminating OPLS-DA model (VIP value >1.0), among which 12 metabolites were identified using both VIP values (VIP >1) and the Wilcoxon test (p<0.05). In conclusion, the identification of the metabolites associated with GC morbidity potentially revealed perturbations of glycolysis, fatty acid β-oxidation, cholesterol and amino acid metabolism. These results suggest that tissue metabolic profiles have great potential in detecting GC and may aid in understanding its underlying mechanisms.
Oncology Reports 08/2011; 26(2):431-8. · 1.84 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy- assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with D2 lymph node dissection for gastric cancer.
Literature search was performed in Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE, the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) to identify controlled trials comparing LADG and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for gastric cancer published between January 2005 and February 2010. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.0 software.
Seven controlled trials were included. One trail was randomized controlled trial. Compared to ODG, LADG had less blood loss[WMD: -132.04, 95% confidence interval (CI): -207.32 to -56.77], earlier postoperative first flatus (WMD: -0.82, 95% CI: -1.20 to -0.45], less complications [odds ratio (OR): 0.45, 95% CI: 0.26 to 0.78], shorter postoperative hospital stay (WMD: -3.63, 95% CI: -4.19 to -3.07), more harvested lymph nodes (WMD: 1.93, 95%CI: 0.36 to 3.50). There were no significant differences between the two groups in recurrence rate, metastasis rate, mortality and survival rate.
Short-term outcome of LADG with D2 lymph node dissection for gastric cancer is superior to ODG.
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 11/2010; 13(11):825-30.
ABSTRACT: Techniques for the fast and accurate detection of bacterial infection are critical for early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of bacterial translocation in clinical severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). In this study, the availability of a real-time PCR method in detection of bacterial colonization in SAP rat models was investigated.
Samples of blood, mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), pancreas and liver from 24 specific pathogen-free rats (8 in a control group, 16 in a SAP group) were detected for bacterial infection rates both by agar plate culture and a real-time PCR method, and the results were made contrast.
Bacterial infection rates of the blood, MLN, pancreas and liver in the SAP group and the control group by the two different methods were almost the same, which were 5/16, 12/16, 15/16, 12/16 in the SAP group compared with 0/8, 1/8, 0/8, 0/8 in the control group by agar plate culture, while 5/16, 10/16, 13/16, 12/16 and 0/8, 1/8, 0/8, 0/8 respectively by a real-time PCR method. Bacterial number was estimated by real-time PCR, which showed that in the same mass of tissues, the pancreas contained more bacteria than the other three kinds of organs in SAP rats (P < 0.01), that may be due to the edema, necrosis and hemorrhage existing in the pancreas, making it easier for bacteria to invade and breed.
Fast and accurate detection of bacterial translocation in SAP rat models could be carried out by a real-time PCR procedure.
Chinese medical journal 02/2010; 123(3):326-31. · 0.86 Impact Factor